8 3 women and reform
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8-3 Women and reform. Pgs. 235-239. Women’s roles in the mid-1800s. Cult of domesticity – demanded that women restrict their activities after marriage to the home and family. Housework and child care were the only proper activities for married women

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8-3 Women and reform

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8 3 women and reform

8-3 Women and reform

Pgs. 235-239


Women s roles in the mid 1800s

Women’s roles in the mid-1800s

  • Cult of domesticity – demanded that women restrict their activities after marriage to the home and family.

    • Housework and child care were the only proper activities for married women

  • Single women worked as servants, seamstress, or teacher.

  • If worked made half as much as men for working the same job

  • When married, woman’s property and money she earned became her husbands.

    • Lacked guardianship over their children.


Women abolitionists

Women abolitionists

  • Sara and Angelina Grimké – slaveowner’s daughters who wanted to end slavery.

    • Appeal to Christian Women of the South

    • Worked with William Lloyd Garrison

    • Worked for women’s rights


Working for temperance

Working for Temperance

  • Temperance movement – effort to prohibit the drinking of alcohol.

  • Many men would spend all their wages at the bars and come home and beat their wives.

    • Alcohol was used for anesthetic and to buy votes

  • American Temperance Society was founded to help end the drinking of alcohol.


Education for women

Education for women

  • No guidelines

  • Emma Willard (1821) opened Troy Female Seminary where all subjects were taught

  • Later Ohio Oberlin College admitted four women.

  • African American women still were segregated.


Women and health reform

Women and health reform

  • Elizabeth Blackwell – first woman to graduated from medical school

    • Found that 3-1 women were sick

      • Didn’t bath and corsets constricted breathing

      • Came up with “bloomers” aka pants

        • Many women did not wear them – to risky!


Women s rights movement emerges

Women’s Rights Movement Emerges

  • Seneca Falls Convention: Where Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Lucretia Mott decided to hold meeting to discuss women’s rights.

    • Woman suffrage was a debated idea

  • Sojourner Truth (Isabella Baumfree) former escaped slave who was an abolitionist and active in women’s right

    • “Ain’t I a woman?”

      • Basically compared her job and other women’s jobs to those of the men and said that they did the same thing and were women.


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