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College English Integrated Course II Unit I: Ways of Learning. I. Objectives of Teaching in This Unit. 1. Find out the differences between Chinese and Western attitudes toward learning. 2. Grasp the main idea and the structure of the text;

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College english integrated course ii unit i ways of learning
College English Integrated Course IIUnit I: Ways of Learning


I. Objectives of Teaching in This Unit.

1. Find out the differences between Chinese and Western attitudes toward learning.

2. Grasp the main idea and the structure of

the text;

3. Appreciate the differences between

comparison and contrast, as well as ways

to compare and contrast;

4. Master the key language points and grammatical structures in the text.


Ii education in the west
II. Education in the West

Much of the current debate over education surrounds the extent to which learning should be teacher-based or student-based. Which of the two should decide what should be learned, how it should be learned, and when it should be learned? Comparing Western and Asian methods of learning it is generally true that western methods are more student-centered, expecting students to discover things for themselves rather than relying on their teachers to tell them.


Ii education in the west1
II. Education in the West

An extreme version of the student-centered approach can be seen at Summerhill, a school in England established by the educationist A.S. Neil. There children have complete freedom to decide what they are going to learn and which lessons they will attend. If they wish they need not attend any at all.


Ii education in the west2
II. Education in the West

Mainstream education in England is far more strict, demanding that children shouldattend lessons and follow a national curriculum. The curriculum and the importance of achieving good exam results tend to reinforce a more teacher-centered approach, as both teachers and students find the pressure of time leaves less opportunity for an exploratory approach to learning.


Unit 1 text a learning chinese style
Unit 1: Text ALearning, Chinese-Style

III. Pre-Reading Questions:

1. Do you agree with the following statements?

1) Play is the best way to learn.

2) Children develop life skills best through formal program.

3) Children are naturally curious, inspired, motivated learners, but sometimes the enjoyment of learning can get lost in the pressure to “succeed” in formal education.


4). Parents are the most important instructors to the children, so they should give as much guidance as possible.

2. If you find a 2-year-old boy is trying to put a

key into the slot, will you help him immediately?

3. Do you remember how your parents taught you

in your childhood? Did they like to teach you by

holding your hand?

4. Which way did you prefer when you were in

trouble with one of the your toys in your

childhood, turning to your parents for help or

exploring by yourself ?


IV. Scan Text A and decide whether the following statements are True or False.

False

Benjamin was not bothered at all.

2. In the Chinese hotel servant’s opinion,

the parents should guide Benjamin to

insert the key. ( )

True


3 the author and his wife didn t care whether benjamin succeed in inserting the key
3. The author and his wife didn’t care whether Benjamin succeed in inserting the key.( )

True

4. For the Westerners, learning should take place by continual careful shaping and molding. ( ) 

False

The Chinese think that learning should take place by continual careful shaping and molding.

5. Chinese teachers hold the opinion that

skills should be acquired as early as

possible, while American educators think

that creativity should be acquired early. ( )

True


V part division of the text
V. Part Division of the Text

The anecdote that the Chinese hotel servant helped Benjamin to place the key is to introduce the topic of the text.

Lines 1-32

Part 1 ( ):

Part 2 ( ):

The author’s thoughts

about different approaches to learning in

China and the West.

Lines 33-97

Part 3 ( ):

In the form of a question, the author gives a suggestion of a more rational approach to fostering creativity and basic skills.

Lines 98-102


Vi general understanding of the text
VI. General Understanding of the Text

Part 1

1. How does the author introduce the topic

of the text?

There are several ways to introduce a theme. In this text, the author introduces the topic by the key-slot anecdote.


Vi general understanding of the text1
VI. General Understanding of the Text

2. How different is the attitude of the couple

from that of the hotel servant toward

Benjamin’s efforts in inserting the key

into the slot?

The couple: let Benjamin explore and

enjoy himself

Hotel servant: help his hand and taught

him how to insert the key

correctly


Vi general understanding of the text2
VI. General Understanding of the Text

Part 2

1. Read the first sentence of both Para. 6 and

Para. 7, and decide what method of

comparison and contrast is used.

Subject-by-subject or One-side-at-a-time method.

2. Sum up the contrast between Chinese

and Western ways to learn to fulfill a task.

Chinese: show a child how to do, or teach

by holding his hand.

Western: teach a child to rely on himself

for solutions to problems


Vi general understanding of the text3
VI. General Understanding of the Text

3. Read from Para.11 to Para. 3 to see which

method of comparison and contrast is used.

Point-by-point method.

  • 4. The following are two types of attitudes

  • toward creativity and basic skills. Which

  • one belongs to the Chinese and which

  • one is Western?

  • Giving priority to developing skills at

  • an early age, believing that creativity can be promoted over time.

Chinese.


Vi general understanding of the text4
VI. General Understanding of the Text

3. Read from Para.11 to Para. 3 to see which

method of comparison and contrast is used.

Point-by-point method.

  • 4. The following are two types of attitudes

  • toward creativity and basic skills. Which

  • one belongs to the Chinese and which

  • one is Western?

  • Giving priority to developing skills at

  • an early age, believing that creativity can be promoted over time.

Chinese.


Vi general understanding of the text5
VI. General Understanding of the Text

B. Putting more emphasis on fostering

creativity in young children, thinking that

skills can be picked up later.

Western.

5. There are many ways to end an essay.

How does the author end the text?

  • Repeating the main points previously stated.

  • B) Proposing a solution.

  • C) Quoting from some book or person.

  • D) Predicting future development.

  • E) Making a suggestion in the form of suggestion.


Writing strategies
Writing Strategies

Three Ways of Comparing Things

1) Comparison: You are asked to explain how two or more things are alike.

2) Contrast: You are asked to explain how two or more things are different.

3) Comparison and Contrast: You are asked to explain how two or more things are alike and different. (More complicated and difficult)


Writing strategies1
Writing Strategies

Two Basic Types of Comparison/Contrast

1. Subject-by-Subject/

Opposing Pattern相对模式

First compare/contrast all the points on the one side, then compare/contrast those on the other side.

2. Point-by-Point/

Alternating Pattern交替模式

First discuss the point on both sides, then the second point, then the third…


Writing strategies2
Writing Strategies

Useful Expressions for Comparison and Contrast:


Where do you want to eat
Where Do You Want to Eat

  • Directions: For this part, you are supposed to write a composition on the topic Where Do You Want to Eat. You should write no less than 100 words and you should base your composition on the outline (given in Chinese) below.

  • 经济的发展引出吃在哪里的问题。

  • 有的人主张在餐馆和饭店吃。

  • 有的人主张在家里吃。


  • In the past, people seldom thought of eating out in the restaurant. But with the rapid development of our economy, people's living standard has been improved a lot. People begin to pay more and more attention to what to eat and where to eat. ..

  • Some people such as the businessman, office manager, and other high-salary class prefer to eat in the restaurant. To them, eating outside is a convenient and comfortable way of living. Firstly, it can save them a lot of time.


Secondly, it is better for them to make friends and to talk about their business in a restaurant than at home.

  • But some people still insist on the habit of eating at home because eating at home makes them feel safe and happy and at the same time, it costs less money. When the whole family sit together by the table, eating the dishes cooked by the mother, what a lovely atmosphere it is!


Vii detailed language study of the text
VII. Detailed Language Study of the Text

Introductory Paragraph

1. reflect on a visit to China and gives his thoughts on different approaches to learning…

reflect on:consider carefully; give an idea of

---Japan needs at least to reflect on their past

incursion on china. Any Japanese people

with a good conscience should feel sorry

for what their ascendants had done in China.

---Journaling provides you with a way to

reflect on what is happening to you.

give one’s thoughts on: express one’s opinion of


Vii detailed language study of the text1
VII. Detailed Language Study of the Text

---Joe has never hesitated to give us his

thoughts on the computer games we make

here.

---Sir Terry Leahy will give you his thoughts

on Leadership in the afternoon.

approach (to doing sth): (1) a manner or

method of doing sth.

(2) the act of coming

near or nearer;

(3) begin to consider

or deal with


Vii detailed language study of the text2
VII. Detailed Language Study of the Text

---The concert for the Taiwan pop singer Zhang

Hui-mei was held as scheduled in Beijing on

July 31, which showed the Chinese

government’s rational approach to cross-strait

relations.

---The approach of spring brings warmer weather

and more rain.

---The old professor is very strict with his students, but he is very friendly and easy to approach.

---He approached the difficulty with great thought.


Vii detailed language study of the text3
VII. Detailed Language Study of the Text

2.(Line 3)…while studying arts education in…

有些表示时间、地点、条件、方式或让步的从句中,如果谓语含有动词 be, 主语又和句子的主语一致,或者主语是it,常可把从句中的主语和谓语的一部分(特别是动词be)省略掉:

---Look out for cars when (you are) crossing the street.

---When/If taken according to the instructions, the drug has no side effects.

---Although three years old already, he was not able to walk without support.


Vii detailed language study of the text4
VII. Detailed Language Study of the Text

--He hurriedly left the room as though(if) angry.

--Once having made a promise, you should keep it.

--I’ll have the letter copied if (it is) necessary.

--They will put the plan into practice as quickly as possible.

--If asked to give an answer, he would become angry.


Vii detailed language study of the text5
VII. Detailed Language Study of the Text

3.(Line 4) But one of the most telling lessons… in difference … came not in the classroom but in the lobby…

Paraphrase:

But one of the most effective and impressive lessons in difference…took place not in the classroom but in the lobby…

Or: I learned one of the most impressive lessons in difference …not in the classroom but in the lobby…


Vii detailed language study of the text6
VII. Detailed Language Study of the Text

4. (Line 7) The key to our room was attached to a large plastic block…

attach: fasten,connect or join (one thing to

another )

Attach sth. to sth else.

--Usually you should attach a recent photograph to your application form when you apply for a position.

--Attached to this letter you will find a copy of the document you asked for.


Vii detailed language study of the text7
VII. Detailed Language Study of the Text

attach importance/significance etc to sth:

attach blame to sb. for sth.

--The company always attach great importance to the quality of products and services, strictly carrying out international quality standards.

--More importance in the form of fund should be attached to the development of mandatory education.

--We cannot attach blame to him for all this; we made a wrong decision at the wrong time.


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VII. Detailed Language Study of the Text

5. (Lines 8-9) …a guest was encouraged to turn in the key, …

turn in: hand in; give back; return; go to bed

--It is a poor piece of work you have turned in.

--You have to turn in the uniform when you leave the army.

--It is a healthy habit to turn in early and get up early.


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VII. Detailed Language Study of the Text

6.(Line 10) …the key had to be positioned carefully to fit into it. 你得留神把钥匙放准位置才能塞进去

fit in/into: take the right space or time in sth.

(cause to) be suitable for sth.

--I can’t fit the toy into the box; it is crammed.

--The secretary managed to fit the appointment into the president’s schedule.

--Any new buildings must be fitted into the existing appearance of the city.


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VII. Detailed Language Study of the Text

7. (Line13) Because of his tender age and incomplete understanding of the need to position the key just so, he would usually fail.

Paraphrase: Because he was so young and didn’t quite know that he should position the key carefully to fit into the narrow key slot, he would usually fail.


Vii detailed language study of the text11
VII. Detailed Language Study of the Text

8. Benjamin was not bothered in the least.

not… in the least: not at all;by no means;

far from; not the least bit;

anything but; not the least

--She is not ugly in the least.(她一點也不難看)

--She is not ugly at all.

--She is by no means ugly.

--She is anything but ugly.

--She is far from ugly.

--I tried to convince them, but they were not the

least interested/ not interested in the least.


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VII. Detailed Language Study of the Text

9.(Lines15-17) He probably got as much pleasure out of the sounds the key made as he did those few times when the key actually found its way into the slot.

译文:他从钥匙声响中得到的快乐大概跟他偶尔把钥匙成功地塞进槽口而获得的快乐一样多。

--In those days, I drank asmuch beer as I could,

and put on a lot of weight. I had a big belly

then.


Vii detailed language study of the text13
VII. Detailed Language Study of the Text

--He has won as many Olympic gold medals as

five.

Not so much A as B与其说;倒不如说

--Mariah Carey is not so much an actress as a

singer.

10. (Line 20) phenomenon (pl.phenomena)

phenomenon: sth that happens or exists and

that can be seen or experienced

natural/historical/social phenomenon

--Language is a social and cultural phenomenon.


Vii detailed language study of the text14
VII. Detailed Language Study of the Text

11.(Line 20-22) Any Chinese staff member would…, noting his lack of initial success, attempt to assist.

译文:饭店里任何一个中国工作人员若在近旁,都会过来看着本杰明,见他初试失败,便会试图帮忙。

注:本句中分词短语noting his lack of initial success用做时间状语:

--Seeing those pictures, he couldn’t help thinking of those memorable days they spent together.


Vii detailed language study of the text15
VII. Detailed Language Study of the Text

--Returning home, Professor Hutchins began writing about his adventures.

initial: first; of or at the beginning

--If a car suddenly pulls out in front of you, your initial reaction may include fear and anger.

--Their initial burst of enthusiasm died down when they realized how much work the job involved.


Vii detailed language study of the text16
VII. Detailed Language Study of the Text

assist: help

assist sb. with/in doing sth;

assist sb. to do sth.

--You will be employed to assist in the development of new equipment.

--The professor was assisting his students to prepare their project.

12. (Line 25) …as if awaiting a thank you—and on occasion would frown slightly, as if considering us to neglect our parental duties.


Vii detailed language study of the text17
VII. Detailed Language Study of the Text

await: wait for ( “await” is more formally

used in writing)

--He had been anxiously awaiting her reply ever since he wrote two weeks before.

--He has long awaited this moment of winning the championship of world game.

on occasion: now and then 有时,间或

--On occasion, a small two-bedroom cottage can

be found in the low $200,000s, while oceanfront

homes list at over $1,000,000.


Vii detailed language study of the text18
VII. Detailed Language Study of the Text

--Raylene is an avid racing fan who actually has

driven stock cars on occasion.

 on one occasion: once 有一次,曾经

on the occasion of: at the time sth happens

在…..之际

--On one occasion I drove to the hospital in the

middle of the night.

--On the occasion of the 7th anniversary of the

company’s establishment, the President

expressed his heartfelt thanks to all those who

have offered the company support and help.


Vii detailed language study of the text19
VII. Detailed Language Study of the Text

neglect: give too little attention or care to sth.

--neglect one’s meals and sleep 废寝忘食

--Don’t neglect to lock the door when you leave.

Cf. Neglect; ignore; omit

三词均有“忽略、遗漏”之意。

neglect:指对职责义务或应做之事未给予足够注

意;忘记可能是有意或无意的。

--Those who neglect their duties should be punished.

--Why do you always neglect the traffic regulations?


Vii detailed language study of the text20
VII. Detailed Language Study of the Text

ignore:指忽视不顾,强调故意不理会,有时还含有固执地拒绝之意

--When I saw Tom, I stopped to greet him, but he ignored me and walked on.

--A teacher should not ignore any question that his students may ask him.

omit: 指因专注或疏忽而忘记谋事,这种失误可能是有意或无意的,它还可指删除不利或不必要的东西。

--He should not omit to visit the museum.

--The third part of the book may be omitted.


Vii detailed language study of the text21
VII. Detailed Language Study of the Text

13. (Line 28)

relevant: directly connected with the subject

(opposite: irrelevant)

be relevant to sth.

--What experience do you have that is relevant to this position?

--Only a few people feel the debate about the cloning of human beings is relevant to their daily lives.


Vii detailed language study of the text22
VII. Detailed Language Study of the Text

14.

pattern: investigate sth.,

investigate + wh clause

--Police are still investigating how the accident happened.

--We assure you that your complaint will be fully and properly investigated.


Vii detailed language study of the text23
VII. Detailed Language Study of the Text

15. (Line 30) and to throw light on Chinese attitudes toward creativity.

Paraphrase:and to help to explain how the Chinese think look at creativity of the students.

throw light on sth: help to explain or understand.

--The report in the newspaper throws light on the death of the pop star.

--These facts throw new light on the matter.


Vii detailed language study of the text24
VII. Detailed Language Study of the Text

16. (Line 34) With a few exceptions …

exception: ab/sth. that a comment or statement

does not include

--Normally, parents aren’t allowed to sit in on

class, but in your case we can make an exception.

--Without exception all our youngsters wanted to leave school and start work.

--There is an exception to this grammatical rule.

--We all laughed, with the exception of Maggie.


Vii detailed language study of the text25
VII. Detailed Language Study of the Text

Collocation(搭配)

--with many/few exceptions 有很多/少例外

--without exception 毫无例外;一律

--with the exception of 除…之外

--make an exception of 把…作为例外

--make no exceptions 不容许有例外;

一视同仁


Vii detailed language study of the text26
VII. Detailed Language Study of the Text

17. (Line 36) …which is the ultimate purpose of approaching the slot, … to realize the desired action on his own.

ultimate: last; considered as an origin or base

greatest

--After many defeats, the war ended for us in ultimate victory.

--The ultimate responsibility lies with the president.

--The sun is the ultimate store of power.


Vii detailed language study of the text27
VII. Detailed Language Study of the Text

on one’s own: without anyone’s help;

alone

--Children should be given opportunities to solve problems on their own.

--The child was left on her own for hours as her mom had to deal with the emergency.

--I’d rather not go to the dance on my own. I do wish you’d come with me.


Vii detailed language study of the text28
VII. Detailed Language Study of the Text

18. (Line 39) He may well get frustrated…

may well: fairly likely

--Your job may well involve traveling.

= It is fairly likely that your job involves

traveling.

19. (Lines 42-45) ---both of which accomplishments can (and should) in due course be modeled for him as well.

译文:这两件事到时候同样可以(也应该)示范给他看。


Vii detailed language study of the text29
VII. Detailed Language Study of the Text

in due course: at the proper time; eventually

---After they were engaged, the wedding

followed in due course/time (经过一定时间;到适当时候).

---Your book will be published in due course.

---Be patient. You will get your promotion in due course.

due一词,请参见第一册第一单元。


Vii detailed language study of the text30
VII. Detailed Language Study of the Text

20. (Line 51-54) So long as the child is shown exactly how to do something—whether it be placing a key in a key slot,…--he is likely to figure out himself how to accomplish such a task.

“whether it be placing a key in a key slot”

In formal English, the subjunctive mood is used occasionally in whether-clause.

--The ceremony will, whether it be fine or rain, be held as scheduled.


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VII. Detailed Language Study of the Text

so long as: as long as; if; on condition that

--So long as Chen Shui-bian sticks to his separatist stance of “one country on each side,” his so-called peace proposals will be nothing but lies to deceive the Taiwanese people and the international community.

--The material on this website may be freely reproduced and distributed, so long as it is used strictly for educational or research purposes.


Vii detailed language study of the text32
VII. Detailed Language Study of the Text

he is less likely to figure out himself:

if is less possible for him to work out or understand by thinking

figure out: work out; understand by thinking;

calculate

--I can’t figure her out—she is a mystery to me.

--We must figure out the causes of the problem we try to find a solution to it.

--The accountant is trying to figure out the tax.


Vii detailed language study of the text33
VII. Detailed Language Study of the Text

21. (Lines 54-55) …view life …as a series of situations …

view(…as): consider; look at; regard;

think about

--Many of the leading international companies

view China as a lucrative market with a

growing economy.

--As the man and his wife grow older they view

their future with anxiety, because they had

saved very little money.


Vii detailed language study of the text34
VII. Detailed Language Study of the Text

make up for: repay with sth. good,

compensate for

--I didn’t travel much when I was younger, but I’m certainly making up for lost time now.

--Her husband bought her a present to make for for quarrelling with her the day before.

22. (Line 59) In retrospect, it became clear to me that…

in retrospect: in reflection

--In retrospect, I wish I had chosen biology as my major.


Vii detailed language study of the text35
VII. Detailed Language Study of the Text

--The young man knew in retrospect that he should have married his first love Emily.

23. (Line 64-65) Instead, they guided him with extreme facility and gentleness in precisely the desired direction.

译文:相反, 他们极其熟练地、温和地把他们引向所要到达的确切的方向。

extreme: (adj.) very great

(n.) the furthest possible point

--The woman screamed with extreme fear at the sight of the snake.


Vii detailed language study of the text36
VII. Detailed Language Study of the Text

--I know I always say that you eat too much, but there is no need to go to the other extreme.

--The film is not very good, but some critics have gone to the extremes, saying that it is the worst of the decade.

24.(Line 69) ---so much so that he would happily come back for more.

so much so that: to such an extent that

--Some parents spoil their children, so much so that they never ask them to do any housework.


Vii detailed language study of the text37
VII. Detailed Language Study of the Text

--They love their pet dog, so much so that they regard it as member of the family.

--Americans treat their children as separate individuals, so much so that someone who remains dependent on their parents longer than the norm may be thought to be “immature.”

25. (Lines70-71) The idea that learning should …

applies equally to the arts.

译文:学习应通过不断的精心塑造与引导而得以实现,这一观念同样使用与艺术。


Vii detailed language study of the text38
VII. Detailed Language Study of the Text

apply: 1) be relevant (to sb./sth.);

have an effect on

apply to sb./sth.

2) write a letter or fill in a form to ask

formally for sth.

apply for sth; apply to do sth.

--The new pension arrangements only apply to people born after 1970.

--At the interview the manager asked me how many jobs I had applied for before I was offered that one.


Vii detailed language study of the text39
VII. Detailed Language Study of the Text

26. (Line77)…we learned from their parents that they worked on perfecting their craft…

work on/at: try very hard to improve or

achieve something:

--Sophia needs to work at/on her typing speed.

--John came back ahead of time to continue working on his thesis.


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VII. Detailed Language Study of the Text

27. (Lines 79-83) In term of attitudes to creativity there seems to be a reversal of priorities: young Westerners making their boldest departures first and….

译文:从对创造力的态度来说,优先次序似乎颠倒了:西方的年轻人先是大胆创新,然后逐渐深谙传统;而中国的年轻人则几乎离不开传统,但是,随着时间的推移,他们同样可以发展到具有创新的境界。


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VII. Detailed Language Study of the Text

priority:

1) sth. that must be done before anything else;

2) sth. that holds a high place among

competing claims

--Earning enough money to support himself and his family is his priority in his life.

--This business school will give priority to English and computer studies.

--Priority should be given to the needs of the students.


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VII. Detailed Language Study of the Text

making their boldest departures:doing sth.

different from the established rule of tradition.

27. (Lines 82-83)

be inseparable from: cannot be taken away from

--Beijing and Tianjin are inseparable from Hebei

and so is Hebei from them. In the process of

economic development they depends on each

other.

--Science and technology development in China is

inseparable from that in the rest of the world

and the progress of world science and

technology also needs China's contribution.


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VII. Detailed Language Study of the Text

evolve: develop gradually

evolve into/from

--The story evolves into a violent tragedy.

--Popular music evolved from folk songs.

--The government’s favorable policies made it possible for them to evolve from a traditional department store into a new kind of Concept Store.


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VII. Detailed Language Study of the Text

28. (Lines 85-87) The contrast between our two cultures can also be seen in terms of the fears we both harbor.

译文:我们两种文化的差异也可以从我们各自所怀的忧虑中显示出来。

harbor: 1) (v.) keep secretly in mind;

cherish a negative feeling

2) (n.) a place of shelter for ships

--He harbored thoughts of revenge against his stepfather in his childhood.

--Ships stayed in the harbor during the storm.


Vii detailed language study of the text45
VII. Detailed Language Study of the Text

28. (Lines 86-91) Chinese teachers…,on the other hand, …

on the one/other hand:as one point in the argument/as an opposite point in the argument

--This workshop will, on the one hand, enable the international writers to have a better understanding of Hong Kong and the mainland China, but on the other hand, it will also make it possible for our local cultural community to learn more about the world literature.


Vii detailed language study of the text46
VII. Detailed Language Study of the Text

--One the one hand, we have good reason to feel pleased with our progress. On the other hand, we mustn’t get complacent.

promote: 1) help to grow or develop

2) advance sb. In position or rank

3) bring goods to public notice in

order to increase sales

--to promote understanding and friendship between the two countries.

--He was promoted to deputy president last week.

--They put some ads in the paper to promote their new product.


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VII. Detailed Language Study of the Text

29. (Lines 95-96) …its reliance on previous achievements is all too apparent (the “standing on the shoulders of giants” phenomenon).

all too: very; to a degree more than enough

--We're all too eager to see the new design of the

car.

--People in Florida are all too familiar with

hurricanes.


Vii detailed language study of the text48
VII. Detailed Language Study of the Text

the “standing on the shoulders of giants” phenomenon:

Paraphrase: When we stand on the shoulders of giants, we are able to see farther and reach what we desire. Likewise, by relying on previous achievements we make innovations and breakthroughs possible.


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VII. Detailed Language Study of the Text

30. (Line 98) Assuming (that) (conjunction): This phrase is used when you talk about an event or situation that might happen, and what you will do if it happens:

assuming that: suppose that

--Assuming that we all work at the same rate, we should be finished by January.

--Assuming that you get a place at a university, how are you going to finance your studies?


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VII. Detailed Language Study of the Text

31. (Lines 100-102) Can we gather, …, a superior way to approach education, perhaps striking a better balance between the poles of creativity and basic skills?

译文:我们能否从中美两个极端中寻求一种更好的教育方式,它或许能在创造力与基本技能这两极之间获得某种较好的平衡?

Superior : (no comparative) better,

more powerful, more effective than

a similar person or thing, especially

one that you are competing against


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VII. Detailed Language Study of the Text

Opposite: inferior

Pattern: be superior to

be inferior to

--Your computer is far superior to mine.

--This product is superior to any other product

on the market.

--The conditions of Beijing University and

Tsing-Hua University are not inferior to those

of foreign ones, in some respects they are even

stronger than those of the best schools of

foreign countries.


Viii after reading conclusion
VIII. After-Reading---Conclusion

Differences in approaches to learning between the Chinese and Americans:

1) Ways to learn to accomplish a task

Chinese: show a child how to do sth. Or

teach by holding his hand

Americans: teach children that they should rely on themselves for solutions

to problem


Viii after reading conclusion1
VIII. After-Reading---Conclusion

2) Attitudes to creativity and skills

Chinese: give greater priority to developing skills at an early age, believing creativity can be promoted over time.

Americans: put more emphasis on fostering creativity in young childhood, thinking that skills can be picked up later.


Ix vocabulary review
IX. Vocabulary Review

  • Useful Expressions:

    被系在…上 be attached to sth.

    探索行为 exploratory behavior

    偶尔 on occasion

    父母的责任 parental duties

    提示,阐明 throw light on sth

    最终目的 an ultimate purpose

    要做的动作 a desired action

    所希望的结果 a desirable result

    关键;至关重要的时刻 a critical point


Ix vocabulary review1
IX. Vocabulary Review

养儿育女的价值观 the value of child rearing

弥补某种错误行为 make up for a misdeed

回想起来 in retrospect

善意的 well-intentioned

极其熟练而温和地 with extreme facility and gentleness

适用于 apply to sth/sb

发展到,进化到 evolve (from) to

发展提高创造力 promote creativity

值得追求的目标 worthwhile goals


Presentation of unit 2
Presentation of Unit 2

  • What values do you think Americans take most important?

    Rich People You Know

    Introduce some rich people and discuss what values these rich people hold dear by collecting stories, news reports, pictures, books, or video clips of rich people.


Example words
Example Words

  • Priority n.

    sth. that is more important than anything else; right to have or do sth. before others

    e.g. The highest priority of governments has been given to the problem of heavy traffic.

    I have priority over you in my claim.

    The badly wounded have priority for medical attention over those only slightly hurt.

    top / low priority

    Rebuilding this area is a top priority.


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