Homeostasis
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Homeostasis. เนื้อเยื่อ. Tissue. กลุ่มของเซลล์ที่มาอยู่และทำงานอย่างใดอย่างหนึ่งร่วมกัน. Organ. อวัยวะ. กลุ่มของเนื้อเยื่อที่มาอยู่และทำงานร่วมกันตามชนิดของเนื้อเยื่อนั้น. ระบบอวัยวะ. Organ system. การทำงานร่วมกันของระบบอวัยวะต่างๆเกิดเป็นระบบของร่างกายขึ้น. เช่น. ระบบขับถ่าย.

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Homeostasis

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Homeostasis


Tissue

Organ

Organ system


Stroma


> 70%

-


Renal artery

Kidney

Renal vein

Ureter

Urethra

Urinary bladder

Urine


1,200 cm3

1,500 cm3

1,000 cm3

500 cm3

300 cm3

350 cm3

2,500 cm3

150 cm3

2,500 cm3


Kidney

2

+


Glomerulus

Nephron

()

()


/ /


(Passive transport)

(Active transport)

, , Na+ , K+

, , Cl- ,HCO-3

Hypothalamus

Anti Diuretic Hormone

ADH

=


Hypothalamus


ADH

Anti Diuretic Hormone

vasopressin

(renin)

Aldosterone hormone


ADH

ADH


Cut Section of Kidney

Capsule

Cortex

Medulla

Calyx

Renal papilla

Fat in renal

sinus

Renal artery

Renal vein

Renal sinus

Renal pelvis

Renal pyramid in

renal medulla

Ureter

www.medindia.net/.../Images/kidney.gif


: www.oknation.net/blog/NookL/2008/01/15


Kidney

(renin)


Bowmans capsule

Renal corpuscle

Glomerulus

Afferent arteriole

Efferent arteriole

Renal tubule

Proximal tubule

Nephron

Bowmans capsule

Distal tubule

Collecting duct

Loop of Henle

kaekunz.exteen.com/20081025/endocrines-back-s...


: commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Image:Kidney_neph


: coe.fgcu.edu//greenep/kidney/Glomerulus.html


scienceblogs.com/.../2006/06/kidney-nephron.jpg




www.vcharkarn.com/vcafe/82734/1


/

H2O

>

/

Hypertonic sol

H2O

/

Hypotonic sol

>

Active transport


http://www.bloggang.com/viewdiary.php?id=savika&month=03-2007&date=17&group=5&gblog=11

astro.popcornfor2.com/horoscope/fortune_detai.

www.thummada.com/cgi-bin/iB315/ikonboard.pl?a...


-

Metabolism

pH

-

pH

pH = 8

pH = 2


-

pH

Metabolism

H+

Respiration

H2CO3

=

H2O

CO2

+

HCO-3


pH

pH

H+

NH+4

Kidney

HCO-3

Na+

Na+

Na+

Nephron

HCO-3

NH+4

Na+

H+

Na+

H+

Na+

NH+4

HCO-3

HCO-3



pH

35.8 37.7 oC

35 - 40 oC

34 oC

40 oC


Skin Structures

Epidermis

Dermis

subcutaneous tissue

www.med.cmu.ac.th/.../human/lesson/lesson4.php


Sweat gland

Keratin

Epidermis

Melanin

Collagen

/

Elastic

Cellulite

Dermis

subcutaneous tissue

www.sweathelp.org/english/PFF_Hyperhidrosis_O...


T < 37 OC

T > 37 OC

/

T

T

T 37 OC

imusichelp.blogspot.com/2009_07_01_archive.html

hilight.kapook.com/view/11432


Homeothermic animal

Poikilothermic animal

/ /

/


Hibernation

Estivation


Hibernation

Estivation

, , 2 2549,

www.nsm.or.th/nsm2008/modules.php?name=News..

www.bangpunature.com/article/article_14.html

, 1-2


www.oknation.net/blog/inter/2009/03/16/entry-4

www.aksorn.com/lib/detail.php?topicid=488


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