THE INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATION FOR MIGRATION
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THE INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATION FOR MIGRATION. ASSISTED VOLUNTARY RETURN AND REINTEGRATION (AVRR)- A BRIEF OVERVIEW Mark Getchell Regional Representative IOM Canberra. Assisted Voluntary Return and Reintegration (AVRR ). About Assisted Voluntary Return and Reintegration

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THE INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATION FOR MIGRATION

ASSISTED VOLUNTARY RETURN AND REINTEGRATION (AVRR)- A BRIEF OVERVIEW

Mark Getchell

Regional Representative

IOM Canberra


Assisted Voluntary Return and Reintegration (AVRR)

  • About Assisted Voluntary Return and Reintegration

  • Orderly, human and cost-effective return and reintegration of migrants who are unable or unwilling to remain in host countries and wish to return voluntarily to their countries of origin

  • Part of a comprehensive approach to migration management, which includes timely asylum adjudication, effective removals of irregular migrants, regular immigration options and accurate public information on those options.

  • Voluntary Return

  • Freedom of choice and informed decision

  • Absence of coercion


Iom policy on avrr
IOM Policy on AVRR

  • Safeguard migrants’ dignity and rights

  • Ensure migrants have access to protection and refugee determination mechanisms

  • Preserve the integrity of regular migration structures and asylum procedures;

  • Enhance cooperation between origin, transit & host countries

  • Promote comprehensive voluntary return approaches, inclusive of post-return reintegration assistance

  • Address the root causes underlying irregular


Principles of avrr assistance
Principles of AVRR Assistance

  • Return must be voluntary

    • Fully informed decision without coercion

  • Possibility for the migrant to change his/her mind

  • Travel documents & immigration records devoid of any reference to deportation procedures

  • No deportation procedures have been initiated

    • Applicants not in receipt of a deportation order


Beneficiaries of avrr
Beneficiaries of AVRR

  • Asylum seekers who, having claimed asylum, subsequently choose not to pursue their asylum claim;

  • Persons whose asylum claim has been rejected;

  • Migrants in an irregular situation;

  • Persons with refugee status, or enjoying temporary protected status, who choose to return home;

  • Victims of trafficking;

  • Any person with legal status in the host country, but without means to return home (including e.g. stranded persons, and students);

  • Labour migrants at the end of their contracts;

  • Persons in emergency situations, requiring rapid return assistance.


Types of avrr programmes
Types of AVRR programmes

  • AVRRs have been operating close to three decades now beginning with the German REAG programme

  • At present, IOM operates more than 30 AVRR regular programmes and some 100 projects world-wide

  • IOM operates three types of AVRR programmes

    • General return assistance for irregular migrants, unsuccessful asylum seekers, refugees and others wishing to return to their home country

    • Specific return and reintegration assistance tailored to the needs of certain groups (vulnerable, skilled nationals etc)

    • Assistance to migrants stranded in transit countries


Avrr activities worldwide
AVRR Activities Worldwide

IOM facilitates voluntary returns of migrants worldwide. From 2005-2009 alone, IOM provided assistance to over 126,000 returning migrants


Three components of avr
Three Components of AVR

Pre-Departure

  • Outreach, Information & Counselling

  • Information on the country of origin

  • Health assessment & health care provision; family tracing for unaccompanied minors

  • Travel preparation (passports, visa/stamps assistance, escort, shelter, medical assistance)

    Return-Transportation

  • Travel arrangements; assistance at embarkation

  • Payment of installation grant/pocket money (if applicable)

  • Transit assistance

    Post-Return

  • Reception, information & counselling

  • Socio-economic reinsertion & reintegration support – referrals & monitoring

  • Referral to medical care and service providers


Key features of avrr

Migrants:

Takes into account migrant’s decision

Ensures respect for human rights

Avoids stigma of forced return & negative repercussions for reintegration

Provides counselling, financial and/or logistical and reintegration support

Governments:

Generally more cost effective

Politically palatable

Enhanced cooperation between countries

Countries of Origin:

Ensures the rights and dignity of their nationals

May include reintegration assistance for individuals and/or their communities

Key Features of AVRR


Statistical overview 1
Statistical Overview (1)

Returns by Region

(Emigrating Region)

Returns by Region

(Immigrating Region)

**Data reflects 2009 statistics


Statistical overview 2
Statistical Overview (2)

**Data reflects 2009 statistics



Reintegration overview
Reintegration Overview

  • Reintegration assistance tailored to individual needs- a one size fits all approach is not most effective

  • Key tools for facilitating reintegration assistance include

    - information on conditions in country

    - socio economic profiling of returnees

    - post return monitoring

  • Reintegration assistance should not only be directed at the migrants but also assist in wider context the community affected by the return

  • Rehabilitation of the Thi Al Norain Primary School for Girls / KirkukGovernorate


The impact of reintegration assistance
TheImpact of Reintegration Assistance

  • Contributes to a sustainable return

  • Contributes to broader economic development

  • Critical in post-conflict situations

  • Provides support in reconstruction and rehabilitation

  • Allows for effective evaluation and monitoring of returnees

  • Contributes to capacity building of partner NGOs and institutions in countries of return

  • Allows for cooperation amongst all actors


Tailoring return and reintegration assistance policies
Tailoring return and reintegration assistance policies

  • Tailoring return and reintegration programmes to country specific circumstances

  • Adapting return and reintegration procedures to vulnerable groups

  • Roles of possible contributions of countries of origin, transit and destination key in return migration management

  • The need to develop partnerships to make effective return policies and practices

  • Dealing with capacity issues in countries of origin and transit (i.e large numbers, post conflict situations, vulnerable migrants etc)


Avrr support for vulnerable groups
AVRR support for vulnerable groups

  • Tailored assistance to vulnerable groups

    • UAMs

    • Returnees with health needs

    • Victims of trafficking

    • Single headed family with minors

    • Elderly

    • Minorities


Afghan support packages 2009 2010
Afghan support packages 2009-2010

IOM has assisted over 7,600 Afghans with their returns, approximately 2,500 of whom received individually tailored reintegration assistance packages.

Over 70 different individualized packages developed. These represent the 10 most popular businesses


IOM Afghanistan

The recently completed temporary accommodation center in Kabul increases the government’s capacity to manage return migration through offering shelter and immediate protection to the returnees in need of assistance.

The facility can accommodate 38-76 individuals at one time.







Thank You

International Organization for Migration

17 Route des Morillons

CH-1211 Geneva 19 - Switzerland

www.iom.int


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