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Adrien A. Lopez & Esby Rosas Economics 465 Professor Castillo. The Drug Trade in Mexico. En 23 Segundos, In 23 Seconds. http://projects.latimes.com/mexico-drug-war/#/multimedia-gallery/7. Mexican Drug Cartels. The Sinaloa Cartel The Juarez Cartel The Tijuana Cartel The Gulf Cartel

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Adrien a lopez esby rosas economics 465 professor castillo l.jpg

Adrien A. Lopez & Esby Rosas

Economics 465

Professor Castillo

The Drug Trade in Mexico


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En 23 Segundos, In 23 Seconds

http://projects.latimes.com/mexico-drug-war/#/multimedia-gallery/7


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Mexican Drug Cartels

The Sinaloa Cartel

The Juarez Cartel

The Tijuana Cartel

The Gulf Cartel

Los Zetas-an informal paramilitary regime that battles the above cartels for their own drug smuggling.

Their tactics include:

Kidnappings

Assassinations

Money Washing/ Laundering

Drug and Human Trafficking/ Smuggling


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The Arellano Felix Cartel

Also known as the Tijuana Cartel

Located in Baja California

Founding leader is Ramon Arellano Felix died February 10, 2002 in a gunfight with Mexican Authorities

Traffic


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Cartels and Pop-Culture

Narco-Corridos

Fashion

Automobiles

Laura Zuniga, Miss Sinaloa 2008 was arrested in the state of Jalisco, with illegal possession of firearms.

Former School Teacher


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Current Drug History

90% of cocaine entering the United States passes through Mexico

Mexican Cartels launder between $18 Billion to $39 Billion Dollars Annually

20% of Sinaloa’s GDP is drug related


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Mexican Drug Informality

60,000 suspicious transactions in a 12-month period…

Only 300 of these transactions go through litigation

Banking controls are laxed

Inefficient Legal System due to the consequential life threatening fear


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Drug Related DeathsJanuary 1, 2007- December 19, 2008

Chihuahua- 1,725

Sinaloa- 989

Baja California- 741

Districto Federal- 461

Jalisco- 224

Nayarit- 6

Campeche- 5

Greater deaths coincide with close proximity to United States/Mexico Border


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Reasons for Drug Trade

Illegal immigration continually dropping


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Reasons Continued

Decrease in remittances

18% of population live in poverty

Income distribution


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Reasons Continued

Higher wages then formal jobs

Year Unemployment rate (%)

2000 2.5

2004 3.3

2005 3.2

2006 3.6

2007 3.2

2008 3.7


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Reasons Continued

Crimes viewed as local and not Federal

High corruption within legal system


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Reactions to Increased Drug Trade and Violence

U.S has issued a travel warning

Canada has also issued a travel warning

Tourism brought in $13.29 billion in 2008



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Reactions to Increased Drug Trade and Violence Cont.

President Calderon dispatched 5,000 additional soldiers to most violent areas

Cleaning offices

Business owners, journalists, other potential targets seeking U.S asylum


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Currently in Mexico

Legal reform

Price of drugs have doubled

Battle still ongoing...


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