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Russian Declension and Conjugation. Chapter 3 : Noun Declension. Non-sexist language??. What kinds of nouns are Non-feminine? Non-neuter? Feminine? What does the double arrow mean?. Non-sexist language??. What kinds of nouns are Non-feminine?

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russian declension and conjugation

Russian Declension and Conjugation

Chapter 3: Noun Declension

non sexist language
Non-sexist language??
  • What kinds of nouns are
    • Non-feminine?
    • Non-neuter?
    • Feminine?
  • What does the double arrow mean?
non sexist language1
Non-sexist language??
  • What kinds of nouns are
    • Non-feminine?
      • Masculine nouns ending in a consonant and all neuter nouns
    • Non-neuter?
      • Feminine and masculine nouns ending in –а or –я (note that ALL of these masculine nouns are virile!)
    • Feminine?
      • Feminine nouns ending in -ь
at both ends
At both ends…
  • What does the double arrow mean?
at both ends1
At both ends…
  • What does the double arrow mean?
    • The ending depends on whether you have an animate or inanimate noun
just fyi
Just FYI…
  • Note that there are NO gender distinctions in the plural in Russian (the sentence at the top of p. 27 is a bit misleading).
  • Note that whether or not the stressed –a NApl ending is “growing” for masculine nouns now is not certain. It was highly productive in the middle ages.
slide7
Q&A
  • What is strange about the distribution of Gpl endings?
slide8
Q&A
  • What is strange about the distribution of Gpl endings?
    • Well, j is classed among the HARD consonants…
slide9
Q&A
  • What is similar about the two Gpl endings –ej and –ov?
slide10
Q&A
  • What is similar about the two Gpl endings –ej and –ov?
    • They both contain a mid vowel followed by a glide, and the front mid vowel goes with the front glide, while the back mid vowel goes with the back glide
slide11
Q&A
  • Describe the relationship between the Gpl and Nsg endings.
slide12
Q&A
  • Describe the relationship between the Gpl and Nsg endings.
    • This is called an alpha-switching rule. Let’s talk about it.
the fill vowel
The Fill Vowel
  • The presence of a fill vowel is not otherwise predictable, so it must be indicated in the base form
  • When is the fill vowel inserted?
the fill vowel1
The Fill Vowel
  • The presence of a fill vowel is not otherwise predictable, so it must be indicated in the base form
  • When is the fill vowel inserted?
    • Before a nonvocalic ending
  • Remember to assign stress BEFORE inserting the fill vowel!!!!
what fill vowel do you get
What Fill Vowel do you get?
  • Can you formulate a rule?
what fill vowel do you get1
What Fill Vowel do you get?
  • Here’s a rule:
    • You get e if –K _ C’ or c (сердец)
    • You get i if _ j (-stress) (поверий)
    • You get o everywhere else (орёл)
when do you get softening before a fill vowel1
When do you get softening before a fill vowel?
  • Here’s a rule:
    • Any consonant that can soften will soften before fill vowels e and i (овец)
    • You usually get softening before o (сестёр), except:
      • If the fill vowel is followed by k (досок)
      • If the fill vowel is in a root ending in a hard consonant (рот)
deviants
Deviants!
  • Look at the exceptions on pp. 35-36
    • Are there any patterns to these deviations?
deviants1
Deviants!
  • Look at the exceptions on pp. 35-36
    • Are there any patterns to these deviations?
    • Yes!
      • All involve either Gpl or Nsg
      • All the feminine and neuter nouns have shifting stress on ending
      • The masculines that have this deviation in Nsg have fixed ending stress and mostly begin in ug- and uz-
homework
Homework
  • Let’s do it!
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