Russian declension and conjugation
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Russian Declension and Conjugation. Chapter 3 : Noun Declension. Non-sexist language??. What kinds of nouns are Non-feminine? Non-neuter? Feminine? What does the double arrow mean?. Non-sexist language??. What kinds of nouns are Non-feminine?

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Russian declension and conjugation

Russian Declension and Conjugation

Chapter 3: Noun Declension


Non sexist language
Non-sexist language??

  • What kinds of nouns are

    • Non-feminine?

    • Non-neuter?

    • Feminine?

  • What does the double arrow mean?


Non sexist language1
Non-sexist language??

  • What kinds of nouns are

    • Non-feminine?

      • Masculine nouns ending in a consonant and all neuter nouns

    • Non-neuter?

      • Feminine and masculine nouns ending in –а or –я (note that ALL of these masculine nouns are virile!)

    • Feminine?

      • Feminine nouns ending in -ь


At both ends
At both ends…

  • What does the double arrow mean?


At both ends1
At both ends…

  • What does the double arrow mean?

    • The ending depends on whether you have an animate or inanimate noun


Just fyi
Just FYI…

  • Note that there are NO gender distinctions in the plural in Russian (the sentence at the top of p. 27 is a bit misleading).

  • Note that whether or not the stressed –a NApl ending is “growing” for masculine nouns now is not certain. It was highly productive in the middle ages.


Q&A

  • What is strange about the distribution of Gpl endings?


Q&A

  • What is strange about the distribution of Gpl endings?

    • Well, j is classed among the HARD consonants…


Q&A

  • What is similar about the two Gpl endings –ej and –ov?


Q&A

  • What is similar about the two Gpl endings –ej and –ov?

    • They both contain a mid vowel followed by a glide, and the front mid vowel goes with the front glide, while the back mid vowel goes with the back glide


Q&A

  • Describe the relationship between the Gpl and Nsg endings.


Q&A

  • Describe the relationship between the Gpl and Nsg endings.

    • This is called an alpha-switching rule. Let’s talk about it.


The fill vowel
The Fill Vowel

  • The presence of a fill vowel is not otherwise predictable, so it must be indicated in the base form

  • When is the fill vowel inserted?


The fill vowel1
The Fill Vowel

  • The presence of a fill vowel is not otherwise predictable, so it must be indicated in the base form

  • When is the fill vowel inserted?

    • Before a nonvocalic ending

  • Remember to assign stress BEFORE inserting the fill vowel!!!!


What fill vowel do you get
What Fill Vowel do you get?

  • Can you formulate a rule?


What fill vowel do you get1
What Fill Vowel do you get?

  • Here’s a rule:

    • You get e if –K _ C’ or c (сердец)

    • You get i if _ j (-stress) (поверий)

    • You get o everywhere else (орёл)



When do you get softening before a fill vowel1
When do you get softening before a fill vowel?

  • Here’s a rule:

    • Any consonant that can soften will soften before fill vowels e and i (овец)

    • You usually get softening before o (сестёр), except:

      • If the fill vowel is followed by k (досок)

      • If the fill vowel is in a root ending in a hard consonant (рот)


Deviants
Deviants!

  • Look at the exceptions on pp. 35-36

    • Are there any patterns to these deviations?


Deviants1
Deviants!

  • Look at the exceptions on pp. 35-36

    • Are there any patterns to these deviations?

    • Yes!

      • All involve either Gpl or Nsg

      • All the feminine and neuter nouns have shifting stress on ending

      • The masculines that have this deviation in Nsg have fixed ending stress and mostly begin in ug- and uz-




Homework
Homework

  • Let’s do it!


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