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Religion and Science Unit Revision Notes (Topic 3 in the examination). Problem areas between Religion and Science The place of Earth in the solar system
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(Topic 3 in the examination)
The Garden of Eden story, where Adam is created, then Eve is fashioned from one of his ribs.
Some Christians regard the Creation stories in the Bible as “myths” i.e. they might not be literally true. If this is the case, then religion may not be in conflict with science after all and the Bible stories are simply a way of teaching people lessons about God and his purpose in creating the world
Other Christians, sometimes called “creationists”, insist on a literal understanding of the Bible stories, which brings them into apparent conflict with the findings of science.
The Bible makes it clear that animals were created first, then humans. In the second Genesis story Adam actually gives the animals names.
According to the Bible there is something special about human beings: we are made in the image of God, which is usually taken to mean that we have a spirit or soul.
Science tends to see human beings as an advanced animal (for example, Darwin’s Theory of Evolution). Religions are clear that we are more than that and have, amongst other gifts, the ability to consciously worship God.
“and God created man in his image, in the image of God he created him, male and female he created them” (Genesis 1.27)
Christians believe that God gave humans responsibility on the Earth, to look after God’s creation. They do not own the earth and therefore should not abuse their power, although they obviously have done and continue to do so.
Genesis tells us that God created a “good” Earth, with which he was pleased.
Genesis also tells us that humans were made to “rule over” the earth. How does a responsible ruler act? In a selfish way? Or for the benefit of every one and everything?
A “steward” of the earth looks after it on God’s behalf and tries to ensure that it is handed on to future generations in good condition. A Christian should therefore make an effort to combat environmental damage and depletion of resources, so that God’s earth is not destroyed.