refinement of the missouri corn nitrogen algorithm using canopy reflectance
Download
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
Refinement of the Missouri Corn Nitrogen Algorithm Using Canopy Reflectance

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 24

Refinement of the Missouri Corn Nitrogen Algorithm Using Canopy Reflectance - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 67 Views
  • Uploaded on

Refinement of the Missouri Corn Nitrogen Algorithm Using Canopy Reflectance. Newell Kitchen, Ken Sudduth, and Scott Drummond USDA-Agricultural Research Service Peter Scharf, Harlan Palm, and Kent Shannon University of Missouri. Active-light Reflectance Sensing.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about ' Refinement of the Missouri Corn Nitrogen Algorithm Using Canopy Reflectance' - haviva-ross


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
refinement of the missouri corn nitrogen algorithm using canopy reflectance

Refinement of the Missouri Corn Nitrogen Algorithm Using Canopy Reflectance

Newell Kitchen, Ken Sudduth, and Scott Drummond

USDA-Agricultural Research Service

Peter Scharf, Harlan Palm, and Kent Shannon

University of Missouri

active light reflectance sensing
Active-light Reflectance Sensing

Objective: To assess on different Missouri soils the use of active crop-canopy reflectance sensors for assessing corn N need and developing algorithms for optimizing economic returns with variable-rate N fertilizer application.

methods
Methods
  • A total of 16 field-scale experiments were conducted over four growing seasons (2004-2007)
  • These fields represented three major soil areas of Missouri: river alluvium, deep loess, and claypan.
  • Multiple blocks of N randomized rate response plots were arranged end-to-end so that blocks traversed the length of each field. Each block consisted of 8 N treatments from 0 to 235 kg N/ha on 34 kg N/ha increments, top-dressed sometime between vegetative growth stages V7 and V11
slide4
For 2006 and 2007, a complete second set of field-length blocks were also established where 67 kg N/ha was uniformly applied over the set of blocks shortly after corn emergence.
  • Adjacent to and on both sides of the response blocks, N-rich (235 kg N/ha) reference strips were also established. These ran the full length of the field and were treated shortly after corn emergence.
slide6
An AGCO Spra-Coupe (AGCO Corp., Duluth, GA) high-clearance applicator equipped with an AGCO FieldStar Controller was used to top-dress between corn rows solution UAN (28 or 32% N) fertilizer for the N rate treatments.
slide7
Crop canopy reflectance sensor (Crop Circle model ACS-210, Holland Scientific, Inc., Lincoln, NE) measurements were obtained from the corn canopy of the N response blocks at the same time the Spra-Coupe was used to apply N rate treatments.
  • On the same day reflectance sensor measurements were also obtained from the N-rich reference strips.
slide8
Data analysis for these field studies included four major steps:

1) Determining optimal N with quadratic-plateau modeling

2) Processing of canopy reflectance senor data from response plots and the N-rich reference areas

3) Relating modeled optimal N from step 1 with sensor measurements from step 2

4) Developing optimized-profit algorithms relative to conventional producer N rates

developing optimized profit algorithms relative to conventional producer n rates
Developing Optimized-profit Algorithms Relative To Conventional Producer N Rates

Inputs:

  • Values and quadratic response curves from optimal N rate modeling
  • Field-measured SI values for each response block
  • A set price of corn grain and N fertilizer
  • A producer prescribed N rate for each site-year

Variables that were optimized during the iterative phase included:

  • Slope and intercept values for the N recommendation, based on the equation: Nrec = a(1/SI) + b (SI = sufficiency index)
  • The minimum N rate to be applied by the algorithm
  • The maximum N rate to be applied by the algorithm

The analysis was repeated on 12 subsets of data, based upon factorial combinations of the following two variables:

  • Three soil types & all soils combined
  • N applied at planting (0 kg N/ha, 67 kg N/ha, both combined)
slide13

Fertilizer To Grain Ratio (FGR) Using SI Units For Various Combinations Of N Fertilizer And Corn Grain Prices

slide14

General Shape of N Algorithm

Maximum N

Increasing N

Minimum N

slide17

Profit Potential Using the Canopy Sensors

And Derived Algorithms Relative to

Fertilizer to Grain Ratio (FGR)

slide18

Nitrogen Saved Using the Canopy Sensors

And Derived Algorithms Relative to

Fertilizer to Grain Ratio (FGR)

slide20

Active light source

crop sensors

Chlorophyll meter

summary of in field plant sensing for nitrogen management
Summary of In-Field Plant Sensingfor Nitrogen Management
  • A significant relationship between canopy sensor sufficiency index and optimal N rate was observed in about half of the field studies.
  • Combined across all sites meaningful algorithms were created to give assurance that these sensors could be used for variable-rate N applications.
  • Algorithms should be adjusted as fertilizer and grain prices vary.
  • The primary advantages of sensor-based measurements is improved accuracy to site-specific crop need.
fields and situations most suited for sensor based variable rate nitrogen applications
Fields and Situations Most Suitedfor Sensor-Based Variable Rate Nitrogen Applications
  • Fields with extreme variability in soil type
  • Fields experiencing a wet spring or early summer (loss of applied N) and where additional N fertilizer is needed (i.e., rescue N)
  • Fields that have received recent manure applications
  • Fields receiving uneven N fertilization because of application equipment failure
  • Fields coming out of pasture, hay, or CRP management
  • Fields of corn-after-corn, particularly when the field has previously been cropped in a different rotation
  • Fields following a droughty growing season
slide24

An Example of a N Rate Recommendation Algorithm Shown Relative to Canopy Sensor-Based Sufficiency Index (SI).

ad