Prishtina 13 th june 2012
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Prishtina, 13 th June 2012. ETF and Kosovo Pedagogical Institute and GIZ. BACKGROUND. The TORINO PROCESS is a participatory process leading to an evidence-based analysis of VET policies in a given country. Launched in 2010 Conference organised in May 2011

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Prishtina, 13 th June 2012

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Prishtina 13 th june 2012

Prishtina, 13th June 2012

ETF and Kosovo Pedagogical Institute and GIZ


Background

BACKGROUND

The TORINO PROCESS is

a participatory process leading toan evidence-based analysis of VET policies in a given country.

  • Launched in 2010

  • Conference organised in May 2011

  • Final Declaration – 250 participants from all partner countries welcomed idea of strengthening evidence/knowledge base in VET policy design and evaluation.


Four principles

FOUR PRINCIPLES

01

Ownership of both process and results by partnercountry stakeholders.

02

Broad participation in the process as a basis for reflectionsand consensus building/policy learning.

03

Holistic approach, using a broad concept of VET for bothyoung people and adults and adhering to a system approach,including links to economic and social demands.

04

Evidence or knowledge-based assessment.


Vocational education and training

VOCATIONAL EDUCATION AND TRAINING

VET IS

  • Understood in broad sense, covering education and training that aims to equip both young people and adults with knowledge, know-how, skills and competences required on the labour market, for social inclusion and personal development.

  • Provided at different levels (including secondary, post-secondary and tertiary), in formal, non-formal or informal settings, in institutions, companies or other places, andat different stages of people’s lives.

Adapted from Commission Communication on New Impetus for VET


What is evidence

WHAT IS EVIDENCE?

EVIDENCE CAN TAKE MANY FORMS

such as experience and evaluation of practice, the results of scientific analyses, quantitative and qualitative research, basic and applied research, and the development of statistics and indicators. Education and training are part of the diverse cultural traditions and … there can be no simple prescriptions about what makes good policy or practice. This makes it all the more important to know … about what works, for whom, under what circumstances and with what outcomes.

Commission Staff Working Document, ‘Towards more knowledge-based policy and practice in education and training’, SEC(2007)1098, Brussels, 2007


What is policy learning

WHAT IS POLICY LEARNING?

‘Policy’ is about visions for development and the ways to achieve goals.

Learning is successful, i.e. learners acquire new knowledge, skills and attitudes, when they have been actively engaged in learning processes.

VET reform can only be sustainable if local stakeholders have developed their own policy solutions. Reforms need to be embedded in local contexts – local knowledge and initiative is a key source and starting point for change.

The Torino Process offers a platform for policy learning – for sharing experience, reflection and creating new insights, knowledge and consensus on VET policies.

Adapted from ETF Yearbook 2008 Policy Learning in Action


Key messages from implementation process 2010 in kosovo

KEY MESSAGES from implementation process 2010 in KOSOVO

FINDINGS

  • Reforms of the general education and VET systems are in progress, but with little strategic coordination and little policy impact evaluation.

  • VET is poorly represented in the central structures and the government’s budget. Low priority is given to the implementation of VET curricula.

  • The relevance of VET to the labour market is hampered by the quality of VET. There is no systematic approach to translate the analysis of the labour market into curricula and qualifications.

  • Appropriate incentives to promote the school-business interaction are lacking, and platforms for social partnership are still in early stages of development.

  • VTCs have limited discretion and flexibility to meet the needs of local markets. There is little evidence that they provide significant advanced training.

  • There could be overlap in setting education standards between NQA, CVET, and the new curriculum authority.


Key messages from implementation process 2010 in kosovo1

KEY MESSAGES from implementation process 2010 in KOSOVO

CHALLENGES

  • To improve the external efficiency:

  • Need to improve the quality and enhance the relevance of VET system to labour market and individual needs.

  • The articulation of education subsystems will decide how Kosovo’s policy efforts will build consistency across the set of education reforms, including higher education.

  • High priorities such as the Centres of Competence (COCs) and the National Qualifications Framework (NQF) are to be embedded in the wider reform vision and fully scaled up throughout the system.

  • Governance and financing model of VET system: need to find the ‘right’ incentives for enterprises to get involved, to link decentralisation with quality and to build consistent institutional arrangements for the autonomy for VET institutions.


Analytical framework

ANALYTICAL FRAMEWORK

Key Questions

POLICY VISION

INTERNAL QUALITY AND EFFICIENCY

What is the vision for VET development, and doesit comply with the broader socioeconomic development objectives?

What further reforms are necessary to modernise the various building blocks of the VET system?

VET IN RELATION TO ECONOMIC COMPETITIVENESS

GOVERNANCE AND FINANCING

Are institutional arrangements, capacities and budgets adequate for bringing about the desired changes in the VET system?

Do the skills offered by the VET system matchthose required by the labour market and economic development?

?

VET IN RELATION TO SOCIAL DEMAND AND SOCIAL INCLUSION

?

Do institutions, as well as programmes and skills offered by the VET system, match the aspirationsof individual learners and the needs of vulnerable groups?

?


The vet delivery cycle

THE VET DELIVERY CYCLE

Companies Employment Jobs

SECTOR SKILLNEEDS ANALYSIS

SECTION B

ECONOMICDEMANDSOCIALDEMAND

SECTION C

CLASSIFICATIONOFOCCUPATIONS

IMPACT/MONITORING

SECTION D

EQF

Individual learnersDisadvantaged groups

COMPETENCEBASEDSTANDARDS /QUALIFICATIONS

ASSESSMENT &CERTIFICATION

DEMAND

SUPPLY

TRAININGPROVIDERS

TEACHERS’ / INSTRUCTORS’ TRAINING

CURRICULA

TRAINING SITES/ SCHOOLWORKSHOPS & ENTERPRISES

ACTION-ORIENTATEDLEARNING

LEARNING MATERIALS


The vet delivery cycle1

THE VET DELIVERY CYCLE

SECTION A

VISION FORVET DEVELOPMENT

SECTION E

SECTION B-D

POLICY & LEGAL FRAMEWORK

VETDELIVERYCYCLE

GOVERNANCE& FINANCIALFRAMEWORK


Statistical data

STATISTICAL DATA

  • (Internationally) available indicators gathered centrally by ETF Statistics Team.

  • Essential that Kosovo complements these with its own national data.

  • Desired data specified in Analytical Framework, plus Guidelines on Quantitative Indicators (definitions, sources).

  • ETF Statistics Team will run workshops for statistics experts in each region (so-called Torinet activities).

  • Further support can be provided – Kosovo coordinator to liaise with ETFKosovo manager → ETF Statistics Team.


Etf support package

ETF SUPPORT PACKAGE

  • General introduction on the Torino Process.

  • Analytical framework, including definitions of terms, guiding questions, key indicators, possible sources of evidence, governance matrix and list of indicators gathered by ETF Statistics Team.

  • Guidelines on quantitative indicators, including definitions and sources.

  • Report template.

  • Cedefop glossary.

  • Guidelines on the creation and applicationof quantitative data.


Implementation mest kpi giz etf

IMPLEMENTATION- MEST/KPI/GIZ/ETF

Phases

  • Statistical data gathering.

  • In-depth literature review.

  • Analysis of occupations/skills needed on the labour market (compared to VET programmes on offer).

  • Consultations ( national workshop JAR and other themetic workshops, national, regional and international policy learning forums, etc.) involving policy makers, social partners, school managers, teachers, authorities, employers, researchers, civil society, etc. – by topic.

  • Drafting of report.

  • Quality assurance of summary country report (up to max. 15–20 pages) by the ETF.


Schedule and tasks for the torino process 2012 in kosovo

SCHEDULE and TASKS for the Torino Process 2012 in KOSOVO


Final report

FINAL REPORT

  • Synthesises key findings from the analyses and consensus-building processes and includes a statistical data annex.

  • Kosovo stakeholders are encouraged to stick to Analytical Framework questions as far as possible (no descriptions of VET systems).

  • The ETF will check quality and publish the summary country reports, incl. the latest statistics, up to a maximum length of 15–20 pages – in English, Albanian and Serbian


Final report and meetings

FINAL REPORT AND MEETINGS

  • Draft reports by third quarter 2012.

  • Final endorsed reports by last quarter 2012.

  • Periodic forum of VET policy leaders.

  • Next ETF Torino Process conference in 2013.


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