Subject verb agreement
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Subject Verb Agreement. Chapter 5. A verb should agree in number with its subject. Singular A word that refers to one person, place, thing, or idea. He washes the dishes. ( He is a singular subject so washes agrees.) Plural

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Subject Verb Agreement

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Subject verb agreement

Subject Verb Agreement

Chapter 5


A verb should agree in number with its subject

A verb should agree in number with its subject.

  • Singular

    • A word that refers to one person, place, thing, or idea.

      • He washes the dishes. (He is a singular subject so washes agrees.)

  • Plural

    • A word that refers to more that on person, place, thing, or idea.

      • They wash the dishes. (They is a plural subject, so wash agrees.)


Singular and plural

Singular and Plural

  • A singular noun

    • NO S on the end of it

      • Dog, cat, building

  • A singular verb

    • Can have an S on the end of it.

      • Attracts, holds, walks, attends

  • A plural noun

    • Can have an S on the end of it.

      • Dogs, Cats, buildings

  • A plural verb

    • Normally no S on the end of it

      • Sing, graduate, laugh


Choose the correct verb

Choose the correct verb

  • People (walks, walk)

  • House (has stood, have stood)

  • Cattle (is running, are running)

  • Result(is, are)

  • Women (seems, seem)

  • Children (sings, sing)

  • To whisper (is, are)

  • Phoebe (reads, read)


Answers

Answers

  • People (walks, walk)

  • House (has stood, have stood)

  • Cattle (is running, are running)

  • Result(is, are)

  • Women (seems, seem)

  • Children (sings, sing)

  • To whisper (is, are)

  • Phoebe (reads, read)


Subject verb agreement

The number of the subject usually is not determined by a word in a phrase or clause following the subject.

  • The apartments across the street do not have balconies.

    • Do have agrees with apartments, not street.

  • The planes pulling up to the gate were purchased by a movie company.

    • Were purchased agrees with planes, not gate.

  •  Eli, one of my friends, was late.

    • Was agrees with Eli, not friends.

  • The movie that I saw two weeks ago was reviewed in today’s paper.

    • Was reviewed agrees with movie, not weeks.


Words in phrases

Words in phrases

  • As well as, along with, together with, and in addition to are compound prepositions. Words in phrases beginning with compound prepositions do not affect the number of the subject or verb.

    • Example: Anne, together with her cousins, is backpacking in Nevada.


A negative construction following the subject does not change the number of the subject

A negative construction following the subject does not change the number of the subject

  • Carl, not Juan and I, (is doing, are doing) the artwork

    • Singular subject: Carl

    • Singular Verb: is doing

  • Burt, not Anne and Laura, (has, have) borrowed the bicycle pump.

    • Singular subject: Burt

    • Singular Verb: has


Practice

Practice

  • These pictures (show, shows) how noodles are prepared.

    • SHOW

  • First, the noodle maker (roll, rolls) out the dough as thin as possible.

    • ROLLS

  • Then, the cook (slice, slices) the folded layers.

    • SLICES


Practice cont

Practice (cont.)

  • Next, the strands of noodles (is, are) separated and dusted with flour to prevent sticking.

    • ARE

  • After the noodles have dried a little, they (go, goes) into boiling water or broth to cook.

    • GO

  • The Japanese (enjoy, enjoys) noodles made from either wheat flour, or buckwheat flour.

    • ENJOY


Practice cont1

Practice (cont)

  • A dish of cooked noodles mixed with sauce, broth, fish, or vegetables (makes, make) a popular lunch.

    • MAKES

  • Noodle shops all over Japan (serves, serve) a variety of noodle dishes.

    • SERVE

  • These shops often (resemble, resembles) fast-food restaurants in the United States.

    • RESEMBLE


Identify the subject and choose the correct verb

Identify the subject and choose the correct verb.

  • A heaping basket of turnip greens (was, were) sitting on the counter.

    • Subject : basket

    • Verb: Was

  • The cost of two new snow tires (was, were) more than I had expected.

    • Subject: cost

    • Verb: was

  • The community college course on collecting stamps always (attracts, attract) many people.

    • Subject: course

    • Verb: attracts


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