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“ Indicators, targets and mitigation measures for risk reduction and IPM”. Amalia Kafka OPERA Research Center Scientific Officer Madrid, 2 July 2012. Update on SUD implementation – issues and main topics.

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Indicators targets and mitigation measures for risk reduction and ipm

Indicators, targets and mitigation measures for risk reduction and IPM”

Amalia Kafka

OPERA Research Center

Scientific Officer

Madrid, 2 July 2012


Update on sud implementation issues and main topics
Update on SUD implementation – issues and main topics

European Commission forum: “Directive 2009/128/EC on Sustainable use of pesticides”, Brussels, 20thJune2012

Focus of the discussion:

  • Integrated Pest Management (IPM)

  • Risk Indicators (RI)


Update on sud implementation issues and main topics1
Update on SUD implementation – issues and main topics

EU Expert Meeting on NAP on Sustainable Use of PPP, (Berlin 5th-6thJune 2012)

  • Training of the farmers

  • Advise on IPM

  • Development and implementation of IPM guidelines

  • Inspection of spraying

  • Water and biodiversity protection

    • Buffer zones: fixed

    • Buffer zones: depended on PPP and application equipment

    • Use of biobeds


Ipm implementation in member s tates
IPMimplementation in Member States

  • IPM or special tools, (egdecision support systems, biological control measures), are used voluntarily by farmers for several years.

  • IPM guidelines is one of the main areas of actions for the MS

  • IPM tools suggestions include specific and technical recommendations for the implementation of IPM

    OPERA proposes background infrastructure that will support the technical implementation of IPM


Opera approach to ipm
OPERA approach to IPM

The RECOMMENDATION PROVIDES INFORMATION on:

  • Definition of IPM and its importance for the European Agriculture

  • IPM implementation

    • Sustainable Use Directive

    • Objectives to be achieved

    • Limitations

  • Conclusions


Ipm concept and its application
IPM concept and its application

The concept of IPM is based on the need to include all the possible available measures to obtain a proper defense for the crop, also considering health, social, economic and environmental aspects

Focus points

  • Measures on preventing and/or suppressing harmful organisms

  • Target- specificityand minimization of side effects

  • Record keeping, monitoring, documentation and checking

  • Correct spray-free buffer zones to water

  • Training of the farmers


Ipm seen from the perspective of sud objectives
IPMseen from the perspective of SUD Objectives

The 8 points of the Annex III recall the adoption of:

Agronomic measures

Monitoring

Threshold levels

Specificity of application

Preference for non-chemicals

If it provides satisfactory pest control

Resistance Management

Check of results in relation with the applied

measures

Opportunity for new

and improved production practices



General principles of ipm annex iii1
General principles of IPM (Annex III)


General principles of ipm annex iii2
General principles of IPM (Annex III)


General principles of ipm annex iii3
General principles of IPM (Annex III)


General principles of ipm annex iii4
General principles of IPM (Annex III)


General principles of ipm annex iii5
General principles of IPM (Annex III)


Resources and actions to achieve a successful implementation of ipm principles
Resourcesand actions to achieve asuccessfulimplementationof IPM principles


Resources and actions to achieve a successful implementation of ipm principles1
Resourcesand actions to achieve a successfulimplementation of IPM principles


Conclusions- Regulatoryinitiatives recommendedto be taken into consideration for a successfulimplementation of IPM


Regulatoryinitiatives recommendedto be taken into consideration for a successfulimplementationof IPM


Update on sud implementation risk indicators
Update on SUD implementation – Risk Indicators

  • Not all MS have clear picture on what RI to use.

  • Some MS have already adopted RI but the big majority waits further assistance by the EC.

  • Various approaches:

    • Modeling indicators

    • Trend indicators

    • Indirect indicators

  • Member States’ distinguish three categories of RI

    • Environmental

    • Economical

    • Social Risk Indicators


  • Risk indicators the current situation was discussed
    Risk Indicators, the current situation was discussed…

    Problems in the implementation of the RI

    • Lack of resources

    • Long bureaucratic procedures

    • Need for new data: expensive

      EC intends to create a WG which will work on the establishment of the harmonized RI


    Indicators and targets for the sustainable use directive
    Indicators and targets for the Sustainable Use Directive


    The approach of the working group
    The approach of the working group

    In implementing the SUD, it is important to clearly define goals to reduce risk, and then measures to reach these goals

    The mitigation measures are linked to the risk indicators selected.


    The approach of the working group1
    The approach of the working group

    Therefore, risk indicators and mitigating measures - have to be addressed in parallel

    MEASURE TARGETRISK INDICATOR

    Any set of indicators should reflect a minimum number of

    economic, social and environmental aspects


    The toolbox stepwise approach
    The toolbox stepwise approach

    Goals should be set in relation to the policy priorities in the MS to address the risks identified prior to the application of the NAP

    The targets for each measure shall vary from MS to MS, even if the overall quantitative target of the plan is the same.

    Redefine goals after

    implementation


    The toolbox
    The toolbox

    Procedure to establish quantitative risk reduction targets

    Give benchmark values over time to the indicators selected to monitor riskreduction

    The targets suggested in the toolbox are a hypothetical example of how MS’s may consider achieving a certain level of risk reduction through the measure taken and its corresponding indicator.


    The toolboxExample: Risk reduction measure: Training of farmers and operators in application techniques and equipment maintenance

    Balanced set of indicators

    Examples of Quantitative Targets

    Environmental Social Economic


    The toolbox1
    The toolbox


    Thank you for your attention!

    The publications are available at

    www.OperaResearch.eu

    [email protected]


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