What is a curriculum
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What is a Curriculum?. Key Questions for Curriculum. What knowledge, skills & Attitudes are most useful to attain and Why? (Purpose, Valuations) How are they most effectively attained? (Pedagogy - teaching approaches/learning theories)

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What is a Curriculum?

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What is a curriculum

What is a Curriculum?


Key questions for curriculum

Key Questions for Curriculum

  • What knowledge, skills & Attitudes are most useful to attainand Why?

    (Purpose, Valuations)

  • How are they most effectively attained?

    (Pedagogy - teaching approaches/learning theories)

  • How are they most validly and efficiently assessed?

    (Technical)


Reflect on these quotes

Reflect on these Quotes

“It is not proposed that the children of the poor should be educated in a manner to elevate their minds above the rank they are destined to fill in society… Utopian schemes for an extensive diffusion of knowledge would be injurious and absurd.”

(Colquhoun, 1806, writing about education in England)

“We must get away from the idea that it is only the people at the top who should be thinking, and the job of everybody else is to do as told. Instead we want to bring about a spirit of innovation, of learning by doing, of everybody each at his own level all the time asking how he can do his job better.”

(The Prime Minister of Singapore, Mr GohChok Tong, 1997, at the opening of the 7th International Conference on Thinking)


Major influences on curriculum

Major Influences on Curriculum

Practitioners

Educational

institutions

Industry

Curriculum

Dominant

political

ideology

Dominant

educational

perspective

Students

“Curriculum can be seen as the battlefield of many competing

influences and ideologies” (Kelly, 1995, p.149)


Curriculum development cycle

Curriculum Development Cycle

Needs Analysis

Learning Outcomes

Evaluation

Resources

Content

Assessment

Instructional

Strategies

The various curriculum components must be Aligned, which means that:

Learning Outcomes (and content) must be effectively & efficiently taught through

the Instructional Strategies used and accurately measured in the Assessment System.


B road parameters of curriculum design development

Broad Parameters of Curriculum Design & Development

  • Purpose of the curriculum

  • Curriculum qualification

  • Target groups

  • Competency standards

  • Subject matter


Purpose of the curriculum

Purpose of the Curriculum

Defined as the major learning goals and learning objectives of the curriculum


Educational aims

Educational Aims

“Human beings have potential for developing in many

directions and the problem of educational aims is deciding

which kinds of development should be fostered and which

discouraged”

Wringe, C., 1988, ‘Understanding Educational Aims’, P.43)


Target groups

Target Groups

Profiled in terms of both

  • Demographic

  • Social & Psychological factors


Subject matter

Subject Matter

Subject matter can be determined through:

  • literature Review of the latest findings on the field of knowledge

  • Creative (but evidence based) Inferences about what might be needed in future, but not explicitly identified at present


Competency standards

Competency Standards

  • Competency elements

  • Performance criteria

  • Underpinning knowledge

  • Range and context

  • Evidence sources


Curriculum qualification

Curriculum Qualification

WSQ System: Seven qualifications (but six levels)


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