Wednesday may 28 2003 federal communications commission
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Wednesday, May 28, 2003 Federal Communications Commission. Communications, Infrastructure Security, Access and Restoration Working Group. Bruce Allan, Chairman. Communications Infrastructure Charter of the Working Group.

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Wednesday, May 28, 2003 Federal Communications Commission

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Wednesday may 28 2003 federal communications commission

Wednesday, May 28, 2003

Federal Communications Commission


Communications infrastructure security access and restoration working group

Communications, Infrastructure Security, Access and Restoration Working Group

Bruce Allan, Chairman


Wednesday may 28 2003 federal communications commission

Communications Infrastructure

Charter of the Working Group

  • Address the risks and vulnerabilities of our nation's television, radio, multi-channel video, microwave, and satellite infrastructure in the event of terrorist attack,natural disaster or other manmade catastrophe

  • Assess current security and restoration capabilitiesto identify best practices, needed enhancements,and recommended changes

  • Review current media infrastructure redundancywithin and between each industry segment

  • Evaluate the impact of digital technology on security, infrastructure redundancy, and service restoration


Wednesday may 28 2003 federal communications commission

Working Group Organization

  • Task ForcesChair

  • PreventionGlenn Reitmeier, NBC

  • RestorationBob Seidel, CBS

  • Future Technologies/Ira Goldstone, Tribune

  • Digital Solutions


Wednesday may 28 2003 federal communications commission

Jun-02

Sep-02

Dec-02

Mar-03

Jun-03

Sep-03

Dec-03

NationalReview

RegionalReview

DefineWork Plan

MetropolitanReview

Prevention

DevelopRestorationPlan

Document Current RestorationCapabilities/Deficiencies

EvaluateRedundancy

Restoration

Review Digital LandscapeIdentify Issues/Solutions

Digital

DesignSurvey

FinalizeRecommendations

Solutions

Work Group

Aug 7Cinti

Dec 11Wash

March 19Cinti

June 18Wash

Sept 17Cinti

Dec 10Wash

Meetings

Chairman's

Monthly Conference Calls

Meetings

Task Force

Scheduled by Task Force Chairs

Meetings

Working Group Calendar


Wednesday may 28 2003 federal communications commission

Prevention Task Force:

Gathering Data

Survey through industry associations

Directly contact

organizations

National

Regional

Local

Broadcast TV

Cable TV

Radio

DBS

SatelliteRadio


Wednesday may 28 2003 federal communications commission

Prevention Task Force

Industry Surveys:

  • Created with substantial industry associationinput and cooperation

  • Survey conducted and tabulated by industry associations:

    • SBCA: April,2003 distributed

    • NCTA: April,2003 distributed

    • APTS: May,2003 distributed

    • NAB: May,2003 distributed

  • Next step: result tabulation & assessment


Wednesday may 28 2003 federal communications commission

Prevention Task Force

Recommendations:

  • Media companies vulnerability assessments should include:

    • The possibility of deliberate attacks

    • Natural disasters

    • Equipment failures and take appropriate measures toprevent loss of service and to expedite rapid recovery

  • System redundancies and their geographic distribution should be considered as response elements in media vulnerability assessments

  • During government-declared emergency conditions,news networks should consider the possibility of abackup carriage plan with other non-news networksto gain cost-effective additional geographic diversity


Wednesday may 28 2003 federal communications commission

Prevention Task Force

Recommendations:

The role of commercial communications satellites as the predominant means of national signal distribution suggests that the security practices for these facilities be examined

Local media should have a vulnerability assessment and disaster recovery plan and subject it to periodic review, update and practice

The scenario of widespread power outages should be considered a element of vulnerability assessments and cooperative response plans. In such a scenario, the importance of radio increases because of its ability to reach battery powered and automotive receivers


Restoration task force

Restoration Task Force

  • Capability Assessments:

    • Surveys designed to determine restoration timelines for different sectors

    • Develop a cost-benefit analysis for short,medium and long term recovery plans

    • Validate restoration best practices


Wednesday may 28 2003 federal communications commission

Future Technologies/Digital Solutions Task Force

MCAP Rationale:

  • Digital technology offers inherent enhancements in speed, robustnessand flexibility in delivery of content

  • These enhancements should be embraced and enabled as the current EAS system or other new emergency information systems evolve

  • A standards-based protocol that serves asa common technical platform for all digitalsystems is an important first step


Wednesday may 28 2003 federal communications commission

Future Technologies/Digital Solutions Task Force

MCAP Key Attributes:

  • Addressability: national, regional and local

  • Scaleability: support variable and dynamically changing bit rates

  • Interoperability: easily transported withinexisting digital media systems

  • Prioritizing: automatic based on alert level


Wednesday may 28 2003 federal communications commission

Future Technologies/Digital Solutions Task Force

Audience

Digital Output Device

Digital Transport

  • Average Citizen

  • Impaired/Disabled

  • Non-English

Consumer

Point to Multipoint

Digital Broadcast (DTV, Digital Radio)

Satellite (TV/Radio)

Digital Cable

Television

Radio

Set Top Boxes

News Wire Service

PC

First Responder Devices

Wireless Devices

Display

MCAP

Display or Data

Media

  • First Responders

  • Local Government

  • Law Enforcement

  • EMS


Wednesday may 28 2003 federal communications commission

Future Technologies/Digital Solutions Task Force

  • Once the MCAP is defined, industry organizations and companies will havean important role in progressing to implementation, by developing standardsand specifications for carriage of MCAPon various media

  • We will continue to identify organizationsto add to the following list that will be helpfulin advancing the MCAP:


Wednesday may 28 2003 federal communications commission

Future Technologies/Digital Solutions Task Force


Wednesday may 28 2003 federal communications commission

Future Technologies/Digital Solutions Task Force

Recommendation:

  • Government should coordinate developmentof a Media Common Alert Protocol (MCAP)

  • MCAP defined as:

    • Protocol to deliver emergency messagesvia digital networks

    • Protocol that flows over all methods of digital transport and can be received by all digital receivers

    • Protocol that is optimized for point-to-multi-point networks and devices only


Public communications safety working group

Public Communications & Safety

Working Group

John Eck, Chairman


Outline

Outline

  • Working Group

    • Mission

    • Organization

    • Membership

  • Best Practice Recommendations


Public communications safety charter of the working group

Public Communications & SafetyCharter of the Working Group

  • Address issues relating to public communications and safety in response to physical attacks and natural disasters.

  • Means by which government and media communicate emergency and public safety information to the general population, including but not limited to the Emergency Alert System.

  • Consider any special requirements needed to communicate such information to the hearing and visually impaired.

Ensure consistent, reliable and accurate communication

among the Media, Government and the Public

When a Public Safety Emergency is Declared


Top level issues

Top-Level Issues

  • Who is the public?… Everyone, including:

    • Visually Impaired

    • Hearing Impaired

    • Non-English speaking

  • Many key decisions are Government responsibility (weather/natural disaster alerts provide some best practices)

    • Need for a message

    • What the message is

    • Who it needs to be delivered to

    • When it needs to be delivered (perhaps in prioritized order)

  • Effective execution requires pre-planning and training of Government, Media and Public


Pc s working group organization

PC&S Working Group Organization

Govt:Public

Govt:Media

Media:Media

Media:Public

What is govt’s message to the public?

How does gov’t get its message to the media?

How do media cooperate?

How does media reach all people?

Broadcast TV

new alternatives

Cable TV

EAS

message

Radio

Radio & TV =

Sound & Visual

Web


Working group leadership

Working Group Leadership

Chairs

Sub-Committee

Gov’t : Public Thomas Fitzpatrick (Giuliani Partners)

Gov’t : Media Ann Arnold (Texas Assoc. of Broadcasters)

Media : Media Dave Barrett / Fred Young (Hearst-Argyle)

Media : Public Mike Starling (NPR) & Joe Bruns (WETA)

Organized Around Process & Stakeholders


Broad working group participation

Broad Working Group Participation

  • Leading Media Companies

    • ABC/Disney, CBS/Viacom, Fox, NBC, PBS

    • Radio One, Clear Channel radio, NPR

    • Hearst-Argyle, Tribune, Telemundo, Univision, WETA, WNET

    • DirecTV, EchoStar, Time-Warner Cable

  • Industry Associations

    • NAB, APTS, NCTA, CTIA, CEA, TAB

  • Government and Emergency Responders

    • FCC, FEMA, NWS/NOAA

    • Fire Chiefs, Police Chiefs, Nat’l Sheriff’s Assoc, Intl Assoc of Emergency Mgrs

    • California OES, Florida Emergency Mgmt

  • Public Interest Groups

    • Partnership for Public Warning, Org of Chinese Americans

    • Am. Found for the Blind, National Captioning Inst., League for Hard of Hearing

  • Technology & Process Experts

    • Microsoft, Panasonic

    • Giuliani Partners, Booz Allan Hamilton


Introduction

Introduction

Timely delivery of warnings and public safety information can save lives

Media production and delivery companies

play a major role in delivering risk communications

and warnings to citizens at risk

  • Capability to educate and inform the public

  • Ongoing real time coverage of events

  • Critical role in the Emergency Alert System


Best practices framework

Best Practices Framework

  • Establishing Responsibility

  • Public / Private Partnership

  • Joint Plans and Processes

  • Coordinated Industry Action

  • Emergency Alert System (EAS)

  • New Technology

  • Promoting “Best Practices”


Establishing responsibility

Establishing Responsibility

1. A single Federal entity should be responsible:

  • effective public communications capabilities and procedures

  • lead responsibilities established

  • national, uniform, all-hazard risk communication process

    • Language diversity

    • People with Disabilities (incl. sensory)

Implement a National, Uniform,

All-Hazard Risk Communication Warning Process

From a Public and Private Consensus


Public private partnership

Public / Private Partnership

2.A public / private partnership should make coordinated use of mass media and other dissemination systems.

Best Use of All Available Resources


Wednesday may 28 2003 federal communications commission

  • Thanks

    • Working Group chairpersons

    • Working Group members

    • FCC staff

  • This is only a beginning

    • Framework for future best practices

Challenge Going Forward – energizing state and local level collaboration among media and government


Joint plans processes

Joint Plans & Processes

 3. Local and State governments and the media should cooperate to create, review and update emergency communications procedures

3.1Effective use of current, emerging, and legacy systems

3.2Local media - key participants in communications and warning plans

 3.3Federal and local agencies - work with the media

3.4Local media - assist government - create and deliver public education

3.5Presentation guidelines – be sure that all emergency delivery systems work well together

3.6 Regular testing and rehearsals

Joint Planning & Execution


Coordinated industry action

Coordinated Industry Action

4.Local media should form cooperatives to deliver government emergency messages in a coordinated way to all constituencies in the community.

4.1Local media pools for risk communication and warning

4.1.1 Consider a single media point of contact

4.2Media and government should agree to take pre-planned actions upon authenticated notice

4.2.1 Local and state emergency communication committees should plan well coordinated community responses

4.2.2 Local media should coordinate activities to reach multiple language and disabled constituencies

4.3Activities / roles appropriate to local conditions under various failure scenarios should be created, developed, rehearsed and tested

4.3.1Plans should account for widespread power outages, when radio can communicate to battery powered receivers

Coordinated media actions amplify government messages


Wednesday may 28 2003 federal communications commission

EAS

  • The Emergency Alert System should be periodically tested, upgraded as necessary, implemented and maintained.

    5.1Uniformly implemented with the latest EAS codes

    5.2Update State and local EAS plans - with broadcasters and cable operators

    5.3Wired and wireless paths to EAS entry points should be in good working order

    5.4Primary Entry Point system should be in good working order

EAS Can Be Used Effectively


New technology

New Technology

  • Research into alternative, redundant and/or supplemental means of communicating emergency information to the public should be accelerated.

    6.1Expand government partnership with media, consumer electronics and computer industries

    6.1.1 Explore emerging technologies – existing infrastructures and new ones

New Technology Can Improve Capabilities


Promoting best practices

Promoting Best Practices

7.Local jurisdiction/market cooperatives should be encouraged to share their locally developed best practices

Significant Gains achieved through People & Process


Concluding remarks

Concluding Remarks

  • Thanks

    • Working Group chairpersons

    • Working Group members

    • FCC staff

  • This is only a beginning

    • Framework for future best practices

Challenge Going Forward – energizing state and local level collaboration among media and government


Wednesday may 28 2003 federal communications commission1

Wednesday, May 28, 2003

Federal Communications Commission


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