Aim: What problems/plight “shadowed” different European nations throughout the post Great War era? . Title: Political Tensions After World War I Do Now: Throughout the initial stages onward of a post war period, what problems might a country face ?
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Title: Political Tensions After World War I
Do Now: Throughout the initial stages onward of a post war period, what problems might a country face?
- In other words, what happens in a given
country once a war is over?
Please hand in your HW! Thank you!
1. What problems/challenges did Austria, Hungary, and Poland have to face after World War I?
Which countries do you think were in the most precarious (unstable, most likely to fall apart) position? Why?
3) Now, let’s construct a small “math” equation:
Post war era (Treaty of Versailles) +
Postwar economic woes +
Great Depression +
Political plight = ??????
Base on your understanding and analysis (our discussion), could leaders of the countries in question have handle their postwar situations differently? EXPLAIN!!!!
Global problems throughout the post-WWI era:
- Various European countries were forced to payoff high war
debts, i.e., Germany and the “War Guilt” Clause – high
reparations of 33 BILLION $$$ in 30 years.
- This led to various economic woes.
- Since most of the Great War took place in West Europe [France,
Germany, Belgium, etc.), countries had to shell out millions of $$$ to
help rebuild the infrastructure of those countriesMany were flat out
- To top things off, countries across the globe had to deal with the
GREAT Depression = greater economic woes.
According to Woodrow Wilson:
KEEP THE WORLD SAFE FOR DEMOCRACY …
so to establish lasting peace.
After WWI, New Democratic Gov. emerged: Germany, Austria, Italy, Czechoslovakia, Bulgaria, Romania, Greece
All Lacked democratic traditions
New leaders failed to show citizens how democracy could improve their lives economically
Treaty of Versailles did not allow war torn nations to rebuild, rather made them pay huge war debts
All while dealing w/ depression, starvation, homelessness, unemployment
Countries Unable to Cope
Dictators seize power and throw out elected leaders.
It’s the political faction of the I.R.A (Irish Republican Army), which was set on fighting for Irish nationhood. They opposed the oppressive rule of the British. Still exist to this very day. Today, Ireland remains very divided – British vs. Irish; Catholic (Irish) vs. Protestant (British).