THE ALBANIAN ENERGY SECTOR
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THE ALBANIAN ENERGY SECTOR ITS POTENTIAL AND INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITIES. SUZANA GUXHOLLI PRIME MINISTER ECONOMIC ADVISER. ALBANIA. Albania is located in the western part of the Balkan Peninsula, at the eastern coast of Adriatic and Ionian seas. Population resident: 3.6 million

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THE ALBANIAN ENERGY SECTOR ITS POTENTIAL AND INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITIES

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The albanian energy sector its potential and investment opportunities

THE ALBANIAN ENERGY SECTOR

ITS POTENTIAL AND INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITIES

SUZANA GUXHOLLI

PRIME MINISTER ECONOMIC ADVISER


The albanian energy sector its potential and investment opportunities

ALBANIA

  • Albania is located in the western part of the Balkan Peninsula, at the eastern coast of Adriatic and Ionian seas.

  • Population resident: 3.6 million

  • Area: 28 748 km2

  • Capital: Tirana

  • Average GDP growth: 6%

  • Inflation rate: 3%

  • Unemployment rate: 13%

  • Total Primary Energy Supply: 2.4 Mtoe

  • Total Final Consumption: 2.064 Mtoe

  • Energy Consumption: 0.68 toe/capita

  • Electricity Consumption : 1906 kWh/capita


The albanian energy sector its potential and investment opportunities

  • Hydro-Power

  • Oil and Gas

  • Coal

  • Mining

  • Wood (Biomass)

  • Renewable Energies (Solar, Wind and Geothermal)

ALBANIAN ENERGY SOURCES


The albanian energy sector its potential and investment opportunities

  • Opening up the energy market:

  • Unbundling the Former Albanian Electrical Corporation in three distinct companies: Generation, Transmition and Distribution;

  • Successful privatization of Distribution;

  • Appliance of EU-based Energy Market Model (Liberalization of the energy market)

  • Full appliance of the core EU Energy Directives;

  • Mining Sector: fully opened to Foreign Investors (FI)

    • No restriction, no discrimination, full protection of FI, full Government support;

    • “First to come, firs to serve” -- notion applied;

Government Policy on Energy


The albanian energy sector its potential and investment opportunities

  • Attracting investments on Renewables:

    • Hydroenergy through successful PPP model and in,

    • Solar, Wind Biomass--through “Fast Track Licensing” procedures;(AIDA/QKL)

  • Enhancing transparency, reducing bureaucracy through “One-Stop-Shop” model

    • National Licensing Centre - QKL (www.qkl.gov.al)

Government policy on Energy


The albanian energy sector its potential and investment opportunities

HYDROENERGY IN ALBANIA

  • The hydrographic territory of Albania has a surface of 44,000 km2 or 57% more than the national area of our country.

  • The average height of the hydrographic territory of Albania is about 700 m above sea level.

  • The average perennial total inflow of Albanian rivers is about 1,245 m3/s.

  • All our rivers convey to the sea about 40 billion water cubic meter/year.

Distribution of existing HPP


The albanian energy sector its potential and investment opportunities

  • Albania has huge hydro energetic potential;

  • The total installed capacity is 1,461 MW;

  • The average power production is 4.8 TWh;

  • To date only 35% of Hydro-Energetic potential of the country is utilized ;

  • Total hydro energetic resources are about 4,500 MW;

HYDROENERGY RESOURCES


The albanian energy sector its potential and investment opportunities

Skavica Hydropower Plant:

200 MW expected installed power

Located on northern Albania (Drin River Cascade)

Vjosa River:

350 MW expected installed power

Located in the central Albania

Osumi River:

100 MW expected installed power

Located in the central Albania

Investment Opportunities


The albanian energy sector its potential and investment opportunities

  • Albania is an oil bearing country;

  • The oil production operators in Albania are:

  • ALBPETROL, the State Oil Company

  • Foreign companies

  • The exploration operators are some foreign companies;

  • Oil production is increasing as a result of important investments and new technologies appliance.

PETROLEUM INDUSTRY IN ALBANIA


The albanian energy sector its potential and investment opportunities

  • Total original oil in place: 437 million tons, divided :

    • 78% reserves of sandstone fields

    • 22% reserves of limestone fields

  • Actual proven reserves of associated gas is 3.6 billion m3

  • Natural gas proven reserves are 22 million m3

OIL & GAS RESERVES


The albanian energy sector its potential and investment opportunities

MINING SECTOR

Mining Activity Structure of mining activity today in quantity


The albanian energy sector its potential and investment opportunities

MINING SECTOR

  • Minerals Reserves in million/ton

    Chromium37.3

    Copper52.2

    Ferro-Nikel 266.6

    Nikel Silikat102

    Coal712

    Torfe156

    Lime stones Unlimited reserves

    Olivinite 59

    Bazalte Unlimited reserves


The albanian energy sector its potential and investment opportunities

Chromium Mines

Present Geologic Reserves in four regions are as follows:Category B+C1…………….21.8 million tonsCategory C2 …………….15.1 million tons “Total : B+C1+C2 …………..36.9 million tons “Due to the studies have been determined the main directions of the perspective prospecting-


The albanian energy sector its potential and investment opportunities

COOPER

  • Based on the geological conditions of ophiolites position, their morphology, genetic and mineralogical components, etc., are distinguished four main types of copper deposits, as:

  • Hydrothermal-Methasomatic and Volcanogenic-Sedimentary Deposits, as: Munella, Qaf-Bari, Gurthi, Rruga Rinise, etc.

  • Main type Volcanogenic-Hydrothermal-Methasomatic Deposits, as: Tuçi, Spaci, Derven, Paluca, etc.

  • Volcanogene-Sedimentary Deposits, as: Munella, Gjegjan, Palaj, Karma, Rubik

  • Metasomatic Sulphide Massif Deposits, as: Kurbneshi, Golaj, Thirra, Nikoliqi, etc.

  • Copper: 53 million tons with 1.3-2.5% Cu


The albanian energy sector its potential and investment opportunities

NICKEL

  • The mineral of nickel in Albania is located mainly in 3 regions:

  • Devoll (Bilishti, Bitincka, etc)

  • Pogradec-Librazhd (Guri Kuq, Cervenaka, etc), (Prrenjasi, Skroska, Xixillasi, Bushtrica)

  • Kukes (Mamez, Trull Surroj, Nome)

  • The nickel is in form of iron-nickel (Pogradec, Librazhd) of a grade of 0.8-1.1 % Ni and in form of nickel-silicate (Devoll, Kukes) of a grade of 1.1–1.4 % Ni.


The albanian energy sector its potential and investment opportunities

FOSSIL FUEL SOURCES

COAL

Coalreserves in Albania are approximately 794 million tons, located in three main regions:

  • Central region, about86% of reserves;

  • South-east region, 10% of reserves;

  • South region, 4% of reserves.

Coal in general is of lignit type.

Calorific value in coal: 2000-5600 kcal/kg

Deposits of Coal


The albanian energy sector its potential and investment opportunities

  • The wind regime in Albania is closely connected with the regime of baric centres, with its position relating to these centres, with the direct influence of Adriatic and Ionian Seas.

  • Wind Energy is a potential possibility for power generation use in Albania.

  • The average speed of wind, throughout the year, is around 4-6 m/s (10 m height) and the average annual energy density of 150 W/m2.

Annual average wind speed

WIND ENERGY


The albanian energy sector its potential and investment opportunities

  • In Albania, average annual solar radiation is 1500 kWh/m2;

  • Maximal annual radiation is 2200 kWh/m2;

  • The annual sunshine of the whole territory of Albania is about 240-250 days;

  • In Western coastal part and South-Western, the sunshine duration, is about 260-270 days per year.

RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES

Average quantity of sunny days

SOLAR ENERGY


The albanian energy sector its potential and investment opportunities

  • Total proven reserves on wood resources as fuel is about 6 Mtoe;

  • Wood resources production for 2007, is 215 Ktoe/year;

  • Wood resources are classified in :

  • High forests, which represent 47-50% of the total wood resources;

  • Cropses, which are 29-30% of total wood resources;

  • Bushes, which are 24-25% of totalwood resources.

WOOD RESOURCES


The albanian energy sector its potential and investment opportunities

  • The geothermic situation of Albanides presents two directions for use of geothermic energy:

    • The thermal sources with low enthalpy

    • The usage of the depths of the abandoned wells

  • Albania, actually is in the assessment phase of the geothermic energy use potential.

Temperature at depth of 100 m

GEOTHERMAL ENERGY


The albanian energy sector its potential and investment opportunities

THANK YOU FOR

YOUR ATTENTION


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