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8. CHAPTER. Cats. History of the Cat. Descended from dog ancestor Miacis General timeline First feline cat: ~ 35 million years ago Modern cats: ~ 7 million years ago Domestication: ~ 4,000 years ago. History of Cats.

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8

CHAPTER

Cats


History of the cat
History of the Cat

  • Descended from dog ancestor Miacis

  • General timeline

    • First feline cat: ~35 million years ago

    • Modern cats: ~7 million years ago

    • Domestication: ~4,000 years ago


History of cats
History of Cats

  • When humans were predominantly hunters, dogs were of great use, and thus were domesticated long before cats.

  • Cats, on the other hand, only became useful to people when we began to settle down, till the earth and—crucially—store surplus crops.

    • With grain stores came mice.

    • Cats began to wander into towns.

    • The cats were delighted by the abundance of prey in the storehouses; people were delighted by the pest control.


History of cat
History of Cat

  • Cats today came from African Wild Cat

  • Roughly 38 species of cats today


General cat classifications
General Cat Classifications

  • Three genuses

    • Roaring cats (Panthera)

    • Nonroaring cats (Felis)

    • Cheetah (Acinonyx)

  • Two major groups of domesticated cats

    • Shorthaired

    • Longhaired

  • One miscellaneous domesticated group

    • Semi-longhaired and either shorthaired or longhaired


Shorthaired cat breeds a j

Abyssinian

American Shorthair

American Wirehair

Bombay Breed

Burmese

British Shorthair

Chartreux

Colorpoint

Cornish Rex

Devon Rex

Egyptian Mau

Exotic Shorthair

Havana Brown

Japanese Bobtail

Shorthaired Cat Breeds (A–J)


Shorthaired cat breeds k z

Korat

Malayan

Manx

Ocicat

Oriental Shorthair

Russian Blue

Scottish Fold

Siamese

Singapura

Snowshoe Breed

Sphynx

Tonkinese

Shorthaired Cat Breeds (K–Z)


Longhaired cat breeds

Balinese and Javanese

Birman

Cymric

Himalayan and Kashmir

Maine Coon

Norwegian Forest Cat

Persian Breed

Ragdoll

Somali

Turkish Angora

Longhaired Cat Breeds


Miscellaneous cat breeds
Miscellaneous Cat Breeds

  • American Curl

  • Turkish Van

  • LaPerm

  • Selkirk Rex

  • Siberian


Methods of cat feeding
Methods of Cat Feeding

  • Dietary makeup

    • Cats need almost twice as much protein as dogs (30 to 40 percent)

    • Fats should make up ~10 percent

  • Food sources

    • Animals are best protein source

    • Commercial foods are best—No dog food

  • Food amount

    • Driven by cat’s age, weight, breed, condition, and activity level

    • Frequent feedings for kittens and pregnant females


Methods of cat exercise and training
Methods of Cat Exercise and Training

  • Amount of exercise varies according to cat’s breed and environment

  • Toys and play equipment are sources of exercise

  • Cats should be trained to litter box and scratching post as kittens

  • Trick training is similar to that for dogs


Methods of cat grooming and care
Methods of Cat Grooming and Care

  • Grooming benefits all cats

    • Longhaired cats should have daily care

    • Hand grooming usually enough for shorthairs

  • Cat baths should begin at 4 months

  • Other checks during regular grooming

    • Ears for mites

    • Eyes for infection

    • Teeth and gums for soreness

    • Claws for trimming


Infectious cat diseases
Infectious Cat Diseases

  • Feline panleukopenia

  • Feline herpesvirus (FHV) and feline calicivirus (FCV)

  • Feline rhinotracheitis (PVR)

  • Feline infectious peritonitis (FIP)

  • Feline leukemia virus (FeLV)

  • Feline pneumonitis

  • Rabies


Noninfectious cat diseases
Noninfectious Cat Diseases

  • Feline urologic syndrome (FUS)

  • Wet eyes


Internal cat parasites
Internal Cat Parasites

  • Toxoplasmosis

  • Ascarids and hookworms

  • Tapeworms


External cat parasites
External Cat Parasites

  • Lice

  • Mites

  • Feline scabies

  • Other external parasites


Cat fungal diseases and poisonings
Cat Fungal Diseases and Poisonings

  • Similar to those for dogs

  • Fungal diseases

    • Ringworm

    • Systemic fungal infections

  • Poisonings

    • Insecticides

    • Plants

    • Household chemicals

    • Herbicides

    • Medications

    • Metal poisonings

    • Antifreeze


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