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Ancient Japan, to 645 AD. Libertyville HS – World History. “Three Patriarchs”: Confucius ( in hat), Buddha (curled hair ), Lao Tzu (white haired elder). Japanese Geography. Over 3000 islands, separated from mainland by Sea of Japan 600 inhabited islands

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Ancient japan to 645 ad

Ancient Japan, to 645 AD

Libertyville HS – World History

“Three Patriarchs”: Confucius (in hat), Buddha (curled hair), Lao Tzu (white haired elder)


Japanese geography
Japanese Geography

  • Over 3000 islands, separated from mainland by Sea of Japan

    • 600 inhabited islands

    • Four main islands: Honshu, Kyushu, Shikoku, and Hokkaido

  • Very mountainous terrain

    • Internal isolation


Ancient japan
Ancient Japan

  • First humans arrived 30,000 years ago

    • About same time Bering land bridge existed

    • Land bridge between Japan, Korea and Japan and Russia (Siberia)

    • JomonCulture formed around 10,000 BC


Jomon culture 10 000 200 bc
Jomon Culture (10,000-200 BC)

  • Stone age people

    • Hunter gatherers, fishing

    • Lived in small tribal groups

    • Made pottery (first ever – surprising; shaped by hand)

  • Around 5-2500 BC, Jomon developed towns, sculpted figurines

  • By 2000 BC, developed agriculture, artwork

  • By 1000 BC, developed religion (goddess figurines)


Jomon to yayoi culture 300 200 ad
Jomon to Yayoi Culture (300-200 AD)

  • Around 300 BC, Jomon displaced by wave of Chinese immigrants, from Korea

    • Explains why Japanese, Chinese language are in same family of languages

    • Japanese argue Jomon absorbed Yayoi into their culture (politics in history)

Spread of Yayoi culture


Yayoi culture
Yayoi Culture

  • Yayoi technologies

    • Agriculture (rice cultivation)

    • Bronze & iron metallurgy

    • Religion to become Shinto

  • Modern Japanese language, culture, social structure & religion date from Yayoi immigrants

    • Lived in clans (uji)

    • Each clan had own god, to whom chieftain led all prayers


Kofun 300 500 ad
Kofun (300-500 AD)

  • Around 300 AD, new culture emerged in SW part of Honshu

  • These people built giant tomb mounds, called kofun (similar practice in Korea)

    • Tombs filled with armor, weapons

Various

Kofun

Kofun, to

scale (400

meters in

length!)


Yamato state 500 645 ad
Yamato State (500-645 AD)

  • Earliest Japanese state, ruled by a “Great King”

    • Yamato Plain is the richest agricultural region in Japan

    • Yamato nobility based on Korean models (titles)

    • Military nobility became Japanese constant, until 1868

  • Yamato even held lands in Korea


Yamato state
Yamato State

  • In 513 AD, Korean king sent a Chinese Confucian scholar to Japan

  • Resulted in Chinese culture being imported into Japan

    • Written language

    • Confucianism

    • Buddhism

  • Long term profound impact on Japanese culture, history

Japanese Emperor


Yamato state1
Yamato State

  • In late 500s, alliance between Korea, Japan broke down

    • Mass Korean immigration

    • Yamato military aristocracy rebelled, too

  • Central government responded with Chinese style government

    • Sent envoys to China to observe its government

    • Adopted 17 Article Constitution

      • Combined Confucian, Buddhist principles

      • Created office of Emperor


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