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Structure of Speed Skating Organizations. Course Content and Time. Introduction Officiating Competitions Roles of Officials Knowledge and Performance requirements Certification of Officials Quiz / Questions and Answers. Welcome to Officiating. A successful event depends upon

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Structure of speed skating organizations l.jpg

Structure of Speed Skating Organizations

Course content and time l.jpg

Course Content and Time

  • Introduction

  • Officiating

  • Competitions

  • Roles of Officials

  • Knowledge and Performance requirements

  • Certification of Officials

  • Quiz / Questions and Answers

Welcome to officiating l.jpg

Welcome to Officiating

  • A successful event depends upon

    - The Skaters

    - The Officials on Ice

    - The recording crew + others off ice

  • Important for the Officials

    - Study and know the rules

    - Work together

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Canadian Code of Ethics

  • Complete knowledge of rules

  • Honor commitments

  • Set good example during course of competition

  • Safety and general welfare

  • Accept my duties and remember responsibilities

  • Keep myself physically and mentally fit

  • Refrain from intimidating coaches and players

  • No dangerous actions

  • Firm and fair decisions

  • Instill respect

  • Review work and improve standards

  • Good working relations with all concerned

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Welcome to OfficiatingRemember that….

  • Even the youngest skaters have goals

  • Missing out on well-deserved recognition because errors on the part of officials is neither fun nor fair

  • A personal best is often as important for young, novice or less talented skaters as a record for a champion

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Welcome to OfficiatingAlso….

  • Know your job

  • Work together - Officials are a team

  • Appreciate that

    The quality of the meet is more important then the

    amount of attention that officials are receiving

  • Stay out of the spotlight

  • Competitions are for Athletes

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  • Role of Officials

    - Control and Supervision

    - Rules

    - Safety

    - Fairness and Opportunity

    - FUN … FUN … FUN

  • Communicate, cooperate with, relate to

    - Athletes

    - Coaches

    - Other Officials

    - Parents, fans … etc….

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Types of Competition

  • Long Track:

    - Olympic Style (metric)

    - Mass Start (pack style)

  • Short Track:

    - Age Class (elimination)

    - All-Points (participation)

  • Marathon skating

  • Tracks

    - 400 (333.3)M Olympic (double lane)

    - 400 (333.3)M Mass Start

    - 111.12M Short Track Oval

The competition l.jpg

The Competition

  • Format and Tracks

  • Age Classes and Distances

  • Sanctions and Records

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Age classes and distances

  • As of June 30 prior to meet

  • Not recognized by SSC

    - Cradle no specified distances

  • Provincial Classes

    - Insert class / distance appropriate to prov

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Age classes and distances

  • Exhibition classes

    - Peewee111 – 500m

    - Bantam222 – 666m

    Competitive classes

    - Midget333 – 777m10-11

    - Juvenile500 – 1000m12-13

    - Junior500 – 1500m14-15

    - Intermediate500 – 3000m16-17

    - Senior (A)500 – 3000m18+

    - Masters500 – 1500m30+

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P&R PAGE NO. / NO. DE PAGE DES P&R: K35 RULE NO. / RÈGLEMENT NO.: K21-100 SECTION HEADING / TITRE DE LA SECTION: Age ClassPROPOSED AMENDMENT / AMENDEMENT PROPOSÉ :(exact wording desired / exactement dans les termes désirés)



A skater’s racing class shall be determined by his/her age

on June 30th prior to the competition.







Senior18 and over

Olympic Style Skating

Junior – 18 and under on June 30th prior to the competition

Senior – 19 and over on June 30th prior to the competition

For further explanation see K3-102

Masters 130 and over

Masters 240 and over

Masters 350 and over

Masters 460 and over

Masters 5 70 and over

A skater's racing class shall be determined by his/her age on June 30th

prior to the competition. The skating season starts on July 1st of one

calendar year and ends on June 30th of the succeeding calendar year.


Midget10‑11 on June 30th prior to the competition.

Juvenile12‑13 on June 30th prior to the competition.

Junior14‑15 on June 30th prior to the competition.

Intermediate16‑17 on June 30th prior to the competition.

Senior18 and over on June 30th prior to the competition.

Masters 3030-34 on June 30th prior to the competition

Masters 3535-39 on June 30th prior to the competition

Masters 4040-44 on June 30th prior to the competition

Masters 4545-49 on June 30th prior to the competition

Masters 5050-54 on June 30th prior to the competition

Master 5555-59 on June 30th prior to the competition

Master 6060-64 on June 30th prior to the competition

Master 6565-69 on June 30th prior to the competition

Master 7070-74 on June 30th prior to the competition

Master 7575-79 on June 30th prior to the competition

Master 8080-84 on June 30th prior to the competition

Master 8585+ on June 30th prior to the competition

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Bidding for Competitions

  • ISU process

  • Speed Skating Canada


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  • Bid and Fee

  • Rules

    • Meet format

    • Membership requirements athletes / officials

    • Track certification / Safety (padding. Skaters)

    • Announcing meet / reporting results

  • Entitlements

    - Insurance

    - Records, SSC sponsorship

    - Officials’ upgrading

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  • Meet Coordinator

  • Announcer

  • Runners

  • Recorders

  • Referee

  • Starter

  • Lap Scorers

  • Track Stewards

  • Judges

  • Timers

  • Clerk of Course

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Meet Coordinator

  • Responsible to

    • Association

    • Referee

  • Responsible for

    • Total organization of the Meet

    • All paper functions before, during, after the Meet

    • Recorders

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Coordinator- Before Meet

  • Apply for sanction

  • Get ice time (formula), mats …etc.

  • Get and train officials

  • Registration sheets (waiver)

  • Forms, medals, clipboards, …etc.

  • The night before…

    • Supervise registration

    • Make heats, program of events, list of skaters

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Coordinator- During Meet

  • Supervise set-up of facilities

  • Call Coaches’ Meeting

  • Make changes to program, heats

  • Announce changes

  • Supervise recorders

  • Ensure paper flow

  • Be there to resolve problems

  • Keep Referee informed

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Coordinator- After Meet

  • Record applications (signatures)

  • Accident reports

  • Double-check awards / Attend ceremony

  • Supervise clean-up

  • Reports to Association

  • Thank you notes…

  • Problems

    • One man show; get enough “assistants”

    • Not communicating with Referee and other Officials

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The Referee

  • Responsible to the Association

  • Responsible for all aspects of the meet

  • Must be familiar with all rules

  • Is the one who handles protests

  • Is the final authority for all decisions

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Powers of the Referee

  • Disqualify and Advance

  • Change program, heats, distances, venue

  • Overrule other officials (exceptions)

  • Remove other officials

  • Schedule breaks, floods, …etc.

  • The Referee has complete control of the entire competition

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A few rules

  • Disqualification

    • Impeding, collision, crosstrack, slowing down

    • Off track, kicking out, assistance, team skating

    • Improper or missing equipment

    • Conduct

      • Serious fouls

      • Missed races

  • Advancement

    • Prevented from qualifying

    • No fault of his/her own

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    Referee (continue)

    • Appeals and protests

      • By coaches or skaters without a coach

      • Not on racing rules (over interpretation, not judgement)

    • Appeals: Immediately after race

    • Protests: After appeal, before day’s end

    • Pitfalls

      • Indecision/Inconsistency

      • Long arguments

      • Concentrating attention on-ice

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    The Starter

    • Responsible for

      - A fair Start

      - Starting Assistants

    • Duties

      - Ensure functioning and safety of starting pistol

      - Brief and supervise assistant(s)

      - Final authority over Start

    Pre start procedure l.jpg

    Pre-Start Procedure

    • Call skaters to marshalling point (whistle)

    • Verify start positions

    • Ensure clear view of skaters

    • Unobstructed view of timers

    • Confirm timers and assistant ready

    • Commence starting procedure

    The start l.jpg

    The Start

    • Call “ Go to the Start”

      - Short Track: skaters to start line and dot

      - Long Track: skaters from pre-start line to start line

    • Call “Ready”

      - Skaters taking starting position

      - ST: all still: fire pistol

      - LT: all still: wait 1-1.5 second: fire

    Start irregularities l.jpg

    Start Irregularities

    • False Start

      - Break between “Ready” and shot

      - Intentionally slow taking Starting position

      - Skate over start line

    • Restart

      - ST : Contact and fall before apex block

      - MS: Contact and fall in first 5M / 10M (> 200m)

    • DQ on 2nd false start

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    Chief Recorder

    • Responsible to Meet Coordinator

    • Responsible for

      - Recorders

      - The office and all the paperwork at the Meet

    • General points

      - Must be isolated and protected

      - Must work quickly and accurately

      - Minimum 2 recorders, 4 is better

      - Office screw-ups always halt the Meet

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    Recorder: Preparation

    • Fill registration sheets,…. Accurately!

    • Assist checking entries, making heats, deciding advancement, attend coaches’ meeting

    • Seeding: Max opportunity for best

      - Age class: by sex, time, club / prov. ranking

      - All-Points: by time, club / provincial ranking

    • Special rules

      - Records only within sex and age class

      - No movement between classes

    Recorder during the competition l.jpg

    Recorder: During the competition

    • Post and distribute heat sheets

    • Compile, display, distribute race results

    • Seed semis and finals. Post and distribute

    • Compile final results, assign points (Display)

      - Points: age class, all-points

      - DQ: age class, all-points, Olympic style

      - Ties overall: SSC race-off if 3-way finish

      - Prepare Meet Protocol

    Chief timer l.jpg

    Chief Timer

    • Responsible to Referee

    • Responsible for

      • Timers

      • Accurate timekeeping

      • Accurate recording of times

      • “Declaring” official times

      • Flagging records, signing report

      • Verifying and signing Record Application

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    General timing procedures

    • Number of timers required

      • SSC sanction: 10 + chief

      • Provincial sanction: 7 + chief (usually)

    • One digital electronic watch per timer

    • Clear view of starter and entire finish line

    • Advise chief immediately of any malfunction or error

    Chief timer s duties l.jpg

    Chief Timer’s Duties

    • Assign timers to positions

    • Check equipment (spare batteries)

    • Call “Gun up!”

    • Record times, declare official time, flag records, sign slip and record application

    • Direct “Clear watches”

    • Advise starter “Ready to proceed”

    • Records

      • SSC: three (3) watches

      • Province: two (2) watches

    Manual timekeeping l.jpg

    Manual timekeeping

    • Know your watch, try it out

    • Use first joint of index finger to start/stop

    • START watch on sight of flash/smoke

    • Be alert for bell lap

    • STOP watch when skate blade crosses the plane of the finish line

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    Official Times

    • All times to faster 1/100th

    • 3 watches

      • Unanimous time

      • Time on 2 of 3 watches, or

      • Time of the intermediate watch

    • 2 watches

      • Unanimous time, or

      • Mean time

    • 1 watch: actual reading

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    Special Procedures

    • Mix of electronic and manual times

      • Electronic times, and

      • Manual times + .20 seconds

    • Official time for second faster than first (place)

      • Short track and Mass start

        • Both skaters get official time of first place (slower time)

      • Long track Olympic Style

        • Second place time equals first place + .1 second/meter behind

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    Common timing errors

    • Missing start or finish

      • Inattention

      • Getting involved in racing action

      • Watch in wrong mode

    • Watch not cleared

    • Watch cleared too soon

    • Thumb start/stops

    Chief place judge l.jpg

    Chief Place Judge

    • Responsible to Referee

    • Responsible for

      - Judges

      - Establish the order of finish (final authority)

    • General procedures

      - Minimum of one judge for each position

      - Usual assignment 1, 1+2, 2+3, 3+4, 4+5 …etc.

      - Must have unimpeded view of entire finish line

    Place judging l.jpg

    Place Judging

    • Chief Judge’s duties

      - Assign judges to positions

      - Confirm event number on Judge’s and Timer’s slips

      - Record position against skater

      - Watch for DQ before releasing runner

    • Judging Technique

      - Get familiar with skater’s features

      - Concentrate during race

      - Observe blade crossing finish / relate to

      - Call out number when asked by Chief Judge

    The clerk of the course l.jpg

    The Clerk of the Course

    • Responsible to the Referee and Coordinator

    • Responsible for

      • Marshalling skaters

      • Drawing starting places (if not done in office)

      • Changing heats (shared with coordinator). Referee must always be advised/consulted.

    The clerk of the course cont l.jpg

    The Clerk of the Course (cont.)

    • Duties

      • Marshall 3-4 races ahead or 1 category ahead (rope off area), be careful outdoors

      • Ensure proper equipment (includes armbands in Long Track Olympic Style and Short Track pursuits)

      • Draw lots or advise skaters of starting position

    • Problems

      • Disorganized

    Who is the clerk l.jpg

    Who is the Clerk?

    • The Clerk of the Course is the only Competitor’s Steward. He/she is a major official

    • It takes a special person to do this job effectively

    • A poor Clerk can turn any meet into a nightmare for everyone

    Lap scorer s l.jpg

    Lap Scorer(s)

    • Responsible to Referee

    • Responsible for

      • Keeping track of laps skated by each skater

      • Advising each skater of laps remaining

      • “Scoring” laps in writing when required

      • Ringing “Bell Lap” for first skater of heat

      • Advising Referee re: “distanced” skaters

        • Short Track

        • Long Track Mass Start

    Lap scorer s cont l.jpg

    Lap Scorer(s) (cont.)

    • Duties

      • ISU = Show card (in order) to each skater (advise verbally if unable); SCC = show and call lap number.

      • Sharp ringing as first skater of heat approaches last lap

      • During relays, advise starter when lead team has 3 laps remaining

    • Errors

      • Indecision (lack of concentration)

      • Lack of forcefulness

      • Forget ringing of “Bell Lap”

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    Track Stewards

    • Responsible to Referee

    • Responsible for

      • Maintaining the track

      • Assisting with ice maintenance

      • Other duties as assigned by Referee

    • Specific duties

      • Replace markers

      • Move track (coordinate)

      • Make repairs/maintain track (water, squeegee…)

      • Stripped corners…

    Track stewards cont l.jpg

    Track Stewards (cont.)

    • Attributes

      • Must be on skates

      • Must be proficient/confident skater

      • Must be fit

    • Pitfalls

      • Straying on the track

      • Interfering with referees’ movement

    • Hazards

      • Prolonged immobility (frostbite)

      • Inattention (especially Long Track)

    The announcer l.jpg

    The Announcer

    • Responsible to the Meet Coordinator

    • Duties

      - Introduce skaters

      - Announce program and any changes

      - Sell the sport

      - Beware of “hot commentary”

    • A good announcer makes a real difference

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    Other officials

    • Runners

      - Run errands for Meet Coordinator

      + One-way distribution

      - Office to Clerk, Announcer and Display Board

      + Two-way distribution

      - Office to Chief Judge, Chief Timer and return

    • Ice maintenance

    • Official luncheon

    • Reception

    • Etc.

    Officials development program l.jpg

    Officials Development Program

    • Levels of knowledge

      1. Aquaintance

      2. Familiarity

      3. Understanding

      4. Mastery

    • Levels of performance

      - Level 0

      - Level 1

      - Level 2

      - Level 3

      - Level 4

    Officials development program level one l.jpg

    Officials Development ProgramLevel One

    • Aim

    • Knowledge requirements and standards

    • Performance standards

    • Certification

    • Currency requirements

    • Upgrade requirements

    Certification of officials l.jpg

    Certification of Officials

    • Certification program

    • Program description

    • Maintenance of status

    Officials certification program l.jpg

    Officials Certification Program

    • Controlled by Speed Skating Canada

    • Set “minimum” standard

    • Three phase program

      - Theory (clinic)

      - Training (minimum experience)

      - Evaluation (by senior official)

    • Application tailored to position

    Levels of officials l.jpg

    Levels of Officials

    • Level 1 - Club Official

      - Certified by Provincial Branch

    • Level 2 - Provincial Level Chief Official

      - Certified by Provincial Branch

    • Level 3 - National Level Official

      - Certified by Speed Skating Canada

      - Specialization short/long track possible

      - Sub levels for some positions

    • Level 4-5 - World Level Official- Certified by I.S.U.

    Maintenance of status l.jpg

    Maintenance of Status

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    Maintenance of Status

    • Updated list of accredited Canadian Officials are contained in SSC (red) manual

    • Official must continue to remain active

    • Officials Bulletin (annually)


      - Officiating

      - On-line resources

    Officials conclusion l.jpg

    Officials: Conclusion

    • Officials are necessary at all meets

    • Officiating is fun yet demanding

    • Officials must communicate

      - with each other

      - with coaches, skaters and fans

    • Poor officiating ruins everyone’s day

    • Go out, officiate, do your job and enjoy….

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