Chapter 14 the civil rights movement 1945 1975
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Chapter 14 The Civil Rights Movement 1945– 1975 PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Chapter 14 The Civil Rights Movement 1945– 1975. Why is this man impt ?. Who is this woman ?. The Civil Rights Movement 1954 – 1968. Section 1 : Early Demands for Equality. Plessy v. Ferguson (1896). Supreme Court declares segregation constitutional ( legal).

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Chapter 14 The Civil Rights Movement 1945– 1975

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Chapter 14 the civil rights movement 1945 1975

Chapter 14The Civil Rights Movement 1945– 1975

  • Why is this man impt ?

  • Who is this woman ?


The civil rights movement 1954 1968

The Civil Rights Movement 1954 – 1968

Section 1 : Early Demands for Equality

  • Plessy v. Ferguson (1896)

Supreme Court declares segregation constitutional ( legal).

  • Laws that segregated African Americans .

  • African Americans had same rights ,but used separate facilities that were “EQUAL “.

  • Jim Crow Laws –de jure segregation

  • Segregated areas in buses,trains, parks, pools,

  • restaurants & other public facilities.

  • Poorer quality than White facilities.

  • De facto Segregation

  • Segregation by unwritten custom or tradition, e.g. – neighborhoods, dances churches restaurants & other public facilities.


Chapter 14 the civil rights movement 1945 1975

New Political Power

  • Before WW I , most African Americans lived in the South

  • Great Migration – African Americans moved to Northern cities, were allowed to vote. The Democratic party listened to their concerns/issues and so African Americans registered as Democrats.


Chapter 14 the civil rights movement 1945 1975

Push for Desegregation

  • During WW II , African Americans began to demand more rights,esp in the military.

  • CORE- Congress of Racial Equality founded by James Farmer/George Houser. Believed in NONVIOLENCE.

  • Began to use SIT-INS as form of protest. Attempted to desegregate restaurants that refused to serve African-Americans. Intended to shame restaurant managers into allowing African Americans to be served the same as White customers.


Chapter 14 the civil rights movement 1945 1975

Brown v. Board of Education .

  • Linda Brown – African American young girl

  • denied the right to attend her neighborhood

  • school in Topeka, Kansas.

  • Thurgood Marshall – NAACP (National Association for the Advancement of Colored People) attorney argued before Supreme Court. for end of segregation in public schools.

  • SupremeCourt unanimously ruled segregation was unconstitutional & violated equal protection clause of 14th amendment.


Review

REVIEW

  • Explain the relationship between 2 court cases – Plessy v Ferguson & Brown v. Board of Education

  • Explain the Great Migration – what happened to the population in the South, in the North ?

  • Explain the difference between Jim Crow Laws and De Facto Segregation, give an example of each.


Chapter 14 the civil rights movement 1945 1975

Little Rock Arkansas

  • Court order requiring 9 African-American students to be admitted to all white Central H. S.

  • Gov. Orval Faubus, -

  • Was seeking re election. Although a moderate on racial issues he wanted to win the support of White voters.

  • Ordered troops form AK National Guard to prevent African American students from entering school to register.

  • Ordered to remove the troops, he left the school to the mobs of angry protesters who vandalized the school and scared students.

  • Eisenhower sends federal troops in to protect students.

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xERXusiEszs


Chapter 14 the civil rights movement 1945 1975

Montgomery Bus Boycott

  • Boycott by African Americans of the bus system throughout Montgomery Alabama. Response to Rosa Parks being arrested.

  • Start of new era in civil rights movement – organized protests, defying laws that required segregation and demanded to be treated the same as whites.

  • Led by 26 year old Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.

  • Ph.D. in theology.

  • Followed teachings of Indian leader Gandhi –

  • NONVIOLENCE

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jJ1OO5iBWCQ


Chapter 14 the civil rights movement 1945 1975

African American Churches

  • Played critical role in the civil rights movement.

  • SCLC – Southern Christian Leadership Conference. Led by African American ministers ( Martin Luther King) :

  • goal to eliminate segregation from American society

  • Encourage African Americans to vote.

  • Challenged segregation at voting booths, public transportation, housing and accommodations.


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