Putting it Together: Homework. Woodlin Elementary PTA Presentation October 5, 2010. The Research on Homework.
Putting it Together:Homework
October 5, 2010
What does the research say? Harris Cooper, JorgianneCivey Robinson, and Erika A. Patall. Does homework improve academic achievement? A synthesis of research, 1987-2003. Review of Educational Research 2006, vol.76: 1-62
Limited evidence that homework improves the academic performance of elementary students.
Moderate correlation between homework and achievement in middle school.
Too much homework may diminish its effectiveness and become counterproductive.
Cooper’s research review correlating time spent on homework with test scores and grades revealed “nearly nonexistent” effects for grades 3 through 5. The correlation was extremely low for grades 6 through 9.
Currently, the prevailing feeling is that students need homework to stay competitive in the global market -- that the extra work and responsibility give kids an edge.
There is a problem, though, if family time is minimized and children no longer have time to play or if students don't graduate because of failing homework grades.
So the experts agree: Homework canhave a positive effect on achievement as children grow older.
HW should take 20 minutes.
Usually math and reading.
Checked for completion and will not be returned.
If a HW problem arises, we will let the parents know, such as not getting it or if there are numerous errors.
Law #1: Children don’t like homeworkFrom how to Motivate Your Kids to Do Homework(without having a nervous breakdown yourself) By Chick Moorman and Thomas Haller
The goal is not for kids to like homework!
Focus on getting them to complete it.
Kids do not enjoy sitting and studying. At least, not after having spent a long school day comprised mostly of sitting and studying.
Their pencils have to move. Their brains need to engage. Their bottoms need to be in the chair. It is their report cards that they bring home.
Too many parents see homework as the parent's problem. So they create ultimatums, scream and shout, threaten, bribe, scold, and withhold privileges. Have you noticed that most of these tactics do not work?
Our responsibility as parents is to provide our children with an opportunity to do homework. Our job is to provide structure, to create the system. The child's job is to use the system.
Eliminate the word homework from your vocabulary.
Replace it with the word “Study”.
Have a study table instead of a homework table.
This word change alone will go a long way towards eliminating the problem of your child saying, "I don't have any homework."
Study time is about studying, even if you don't have any homework. It's amazing how much more homework kids have when they have to study regardless of whether they have homework or not.
Figure out what works best for your child.
It doesn’t have to be right after school, right before dinner, or before bed. It is important to find a time that works and stay with this time every day.
Let your children have some input on when study time occurs.
Once the time is set, stick to that schedule. Kids thrive on structure even as they protest. It may take several weeks for the routine to become a habit.
Persist. By having a regular study time you are demonstrating that you value education.
Keep the routine predictable and simple.
One possibility includes a five minute warning that study time is approaching, bringing their current activity to an end, clearing the study table, emptying their back pack of books and supplies, then beginning.
Set the timer for small breaks or check in points. Break up the time into brief segments that your child can handle.
Allow children to make choices about homework and related issues.
They could choose to do study time before or after dinner.
They could do it immediately after they get home or wake up early in the morning to do it.
Invite them to choose the kitchen table or a spot in their own room.
One choice children do not have is whether or not to study.
Teach was you want to see in your children.
Organization: If you want them to be organized you have to invest the time to help them learn an organizational system. Check more often at first. Provide direction and correction where necessary.
Time Management: Help them learn what it means to prioritize by the importance and due date of each task. Teach them to create an agenda each time they sit down to study. Help them experience the value of getting the important things done first.
Use study time to get some of your own responsibilities handled.
Do the dishes, fold laundry, or write thank you notes. Keep the TV off!
If you engage in fun or noisy activities during that time children will naturally be distracted.
Study time is a family commitment. If you won't commit to it, don't expect that you children will.
These websites link you to materials and other sites by content area and grade level
Keep the peace
Establish a routine
Set limits for time
Create a dedicated space
Support, not supervise
Motivate and inspire
Be a model
Homework (a.k.a. Study Time)
If you have questions or comments, please always begin with your child’s teacher