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ISDH Strategies to Reduce Overweight and Obesity. Community Nutrition/Obesity Prevention Division. Overweight and Obesity – A Critical Public Health Threat. Overweight and Obesity – A Critical Public Health Threat. An Overview of the Presentation.

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ISDH Strategies to Reduce Overweight and Obesity

Community Nutrition/Obesity Prevention Division


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Overweight and Obesity – A Critical Public Health Threat


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Overweight and Obesity – A Critical Public Health Threat

An Overview of the Presentation


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Overweight and Obesity – A Critical Public Health Threat

  • National trends

  • State statistics

  • Key strategies to decrease overweight and obesity in Indiana

An Overview of the Presentation


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America is Battling Overweight and Obesity:

  • More than 64.5% of U.S. adults are overweight or obese.

  • One in seven children are overweight or obese.


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From 1960 to 2000:

Percentage of overweight children has increased from 18% to 33%.

Number of children who are obese has risen from 7% to 17%.

At present, approximately nine million children over 6 years old are considered obese.


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Risks Associated with Obesity

  • Heart Disease

  • Type II Diabetes

  • Hypertension

  • Some Cancers

  • Asthma

  • High Blood Pressure

  • Sleep Apnea













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Obesity Trends Among U.S. AdultsBRFSS, 2002

No Data <10% 10%–14% 15%–19% 20%-24% 25%

Source: Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, CDC



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Cost of Overweight and Obesity

The US Department of Health and Human Services estimates cost of medical expenses in treatments and lost productivity to be $117 billion annually


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In Indiana

62.1% of adults are classified as overweight or obese

25.5% of adults are classified as obese

2004 Behavior Risk Factor Surveillance System


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In Indiana

  • 14.2% of high school students are at risk of being overweight

  • 11.5% reported they were overweight

2004 Behavior Risk Factor Surveillance System


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One in four Hoosier adults is obese.

Indiana is the 9th most obese state in the country based on 2002-2004 CDC averages.

In Indiana

2004 Behavior Risk Factor Surveillance System


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Causes of Overweight and Obesity

  • Lack of physical activity

  • Unhealthy eating patterns

  • Related to technological, social, economic and environmental changes that have reduced physical activity and increased food access and passive consumption

  • Family environment

  • Genetics plays a limited role



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CDC Guidance…

  • Physical Activity Strategy

  • Five-A-Day Strategy

  • Extended Breastfeeding Strategy

  • Television Viewing Reduction Strategy

  • Portion Size Control Strategy


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Community Nutrition and Obesity Prevention Division

Vision:

"To improve the quality of life in Indiana by helping Hoosiers incorporate healthy habits into their routines.”


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Mission:

Our mission is to increase public awareness of healthy eating and activities, to promote healthy life styles, and to prevent obesity and related chronic diseases.


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Program Focus:

To promote and promise individual, community, and environmental strategies to prevent and control obesity and related chronic diseases.


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Community Nutrition/Obesity Prevention

  • Educate physicians and the public about prevention and management of overweight and obesity.

  • Develop and support policies and legislation that promote daily physical activity and balanced healthy eating by all Hoosiers.

  • Promote and collaborate with statewide and local medical and specialty societies, and other private organizations to promote daily physical activities and balanced healthy eating in Indiana.


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CNOP Programs

  • CDC DNPA Continuing Education Program

  •  Childhood Obesity Prevention Initiatives

  •  Data and Policy Development

  •  Eating Disorders

  •  Education and Training

  •  Extended Breastfeeding Program

  •  Extended Farmer’s Market Program

  •  Five-A-Day Program

  • Community Outreach/ Health System Development

  • Senior Farmer’s Market Program


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CNOP Special Projects

  • Vending Machine Choices, Healthy Corner

  • CATCH (Community Access to Child Health) Obesity Prevention Project

  • “You Can – Step to Healthier Aging” Campaign

  •  School Height and Weight BMI Collection

  •  Fatty Liver and Overweight Prevention

  •  3-A-Day Community Collaboration Proposal

  • Healthy Club (e-mail and web-based)

  • CHIP Program

  • Calcium Promotion Project

  • Data Assessment Project

  • Needs Assessment and State Strategic Plan


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Regional Outreach Program

The program is designed as a powerful grass-root movement tool to provide and deliver educational information and technical assistance to local communities in order to assist development of local coalition and community-based plans in terms of healthy living, healthy life choices, and overweight and obesity prevention.


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Five-A-Day Program

5-A-Day for Better Health is a national program and partnership that seeks to increase the number of daily servings of fruits and vegetables that Americans eat to five or more.

A daily diet high in colorful fruits and vegetables and low in saturated fat and cholesterol, combined with daily physical activity, can help fight overweight, obesity, and other related chronic diseases such as cancer, heart disease, and other chronic diseases.

2003 YBRSS data indicated that only 33% of the Hoosier children, adults, and adolescents consume at least 3-5 fruit and vegetables a day.  


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2005 New Dietary Guidelines for Americans

Identified a critical nutrient gap for potassium, fiber, and vitamins A and C. Fruit and vegetables are rich in each of these nutrients.

Established a stronger role for fruit and vegetables in helping fight heart disease, high blood pressure, type 2 diabetes, stroke, and cancer.

Established role for fruits and vegetables in helping people lose weight and maintain a healthy weight.


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Five-A-Day Program

Fruits and vegetables provide essential vitamins and minerals, fiber, and other substances that are important for good health. Most fruits and vegetables are naturally low in fat and calories and high in fiber which is filling.

For everyone, 5-A-Day is an essential daily dietary practice for a healthier life. Research has demonstrated the unique disease-prevention capacity and long-term health benefits of consuming a colorful variety of fruits and vegetables every day.


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Five-A-Day Program Partners

Department of Education/Schools

Purdue Extension

WIC Farmer’s Market Program

Maternal and Child Health

Community Health Clinics

Area Agency on Aging

Faith-based Communities


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Childhood Overweight and Obesity Prevention Program

  • Functions as one of the obesity prevention programs.

  • Utilizes Dr. Wishner as a special consultant for 18 months.

  • Sets up a model for programs regardless of ages.


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Strategic Plan on Child Obesity

Goal 1:

  • Increase awareness of overweight and obesity as a public health issue that impacts the quality of life of Indiana children and adolescents and their families.

    Goal 2:

  • Enable Indiana stakeholders including families, schools, businesses and communities to create opportunities allowing for choice in lifestyles that promote and maintain a healthy weight.

    Goal 3:

  • Promote enabling policies and environmental changes that support healthful eating habits and physical activity.

    Goal 4:

  • Monitor overweight and obesity rates, related behaviors and health conditions for fiscal planning, evaluation, and dissemination activity

    Goal 5:

  • Foster and encourage stakeholders participation in Indiana childhood and adolescent overweight and obesity strategies and initiatives


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Weight and Height Collection Project

  • Collaborative effort of ISDH and DOE

  • Involves all schools (K-12)

  • First time in Indiana

  • Critical height and weight data will establish a baseline

  • Starts in Fall, 2005


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In Summary:

  • Obesity is a critical public health issue.

  • Community Nutrition/Obesity Prevention plays a significant role in addressing this issue.

  • 5-A-Day is one of the key strategies to address overweight and obesity issues.

  • Coordination and collaboration are critical for success.



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