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The ‘Right to Participate in Decision-Making’ as a Farmers’ Right in Southern Africa: Success Stories Nyasha E. Chishakwe CTDT November 2010. Procedural Right to Participate in Decision-Making. Why is it Important?

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The ‘Right to Participate in Decision-Making’ as a Farmers’ Right in Southern Africa: Success Stories

Nyasha E. Chishakwe

CTDT

November 2010


Procedural right to participate in decision making
Procedural Right to Participate in Decision-Making Farmers’ Right in Southern Africa: Success Stories

Why is it Important?

- In the context of legal duality, it is important in providing an institutional platform for local communities and farmers to have their ‘traditional and cultural way of life’ protected by law and policy

- Engenders compliance as a result of democratizing and legitimizing decision-making processes


Procedural right to participate in decision making cont
Procedural Right to Participate in Decision-Making Farmers’ Right in Southern Africa: Success StoriesCont’

  • What Does it Entail?

    • Availability of information by farmers to enable them to make informed contributions to decisions at all levels

    • The existence of institutional frameworks/platforms to have their views heard at all levels

    • The existence of remedies and opportunities for farmers to raise objections over decisions that affect their interests at all levels


Success stories
Success Stories Farmers’ Right in Southern Africa: Success Stories

  • Participation Provided by Law and Policy

  • National Budget Consultation Processes

    Most governments in the region consult national stakeholders (who include farmers) for purposes of developing national budgets. Although the nature of such consultation is general in nature, and is restricted to issues of public funds allocation, it provides farmers with an opportunity to raise issues that affect their way of life including their traditional farming practices


Success stories cont
Success Stories Cont’ Farmers’ Right in Southern Africa: Success Stories

  • Parliamentary Portfolio Committee on Agriculture

    Parliamentary Portfolio Committees on Agriculture hear concerns of all stakeholders involved in agricultural activities, including local farmers.

    These hearings are an important platform for farmers to raise issues that concern them.

    However, in practice; these committees do not meet as often as they should; and they usually give preference to commercial agriculture


Success stories cont1
Success Stories Cont’ Farmers’ Right in Southern Africa: Success Stories

  • Public Hearings in Matters of Bio prospecting and ABS

    Some countries such as Zimbabwe have legislation on ABS that provide for public hearings for communities on matters of Bio prospecting and ABS-related issues

    S 31-36 of SI (Access to GR and Indigenous Genetic Resource-based Knowledge)


Success stories cont2
Success Stories Cont’ Farmers’ Right in Southern Africa: Success Stories

  • Ad Hoc Consultations

    - Civil Society-Led Consultations

    The major evidence of farmer participation that currently exists in southern Africa is reflected by CSO-led Consultations.

    These are Ad hoc in nature, but have had important effects.

    E.g. CTDT together with like-minded NGOs such as CEPA etc have been organizing forums at national and regional level where farmers’ views on Farmers’ Rights have been collected and collated.


Success stories cont3
Success Stories Cont’ Farmers’ Right in Southern Africa: Success Stories

These consultations have led to (i) capacity enhancement of farmers and(ii) awareness of FRs by policy-makers.

The outputs of these consultations have influenced policy e.g. The SI 61 of 2009 on ABS, of Zimbabwe contains various aspects related to FRs


Thank you
THANK YOU Farmers’ Right in Southern Africa: Success Stories

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