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PATRIOTS VS LOYALISTS. Taxation. The colonists should help pay Great Britain for the French and Indian war debt. “No Taxation without Representation” is a false argument. The colonists should have total control over who taxes them (colonial assemblies or Parliament).

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slide2

Taxation

  • The colonists should help pay Great Britain for the French and Indian war debt.
  • “No Taxation without Representation” is a false argument.
  • The colonists should have total control over who taxes them (colonial assemblies or Parliament).
  • The colonists should have total control over how tax money is spent.
slide3

National Security

  • The colonists can defeat Great Britain because they have home-ground advantage.
  • The colonists cannot win a war with Great Britain because the British have the most powerful army and navy in the world.
  • Should the colonists win a war with Great Britain, they will not have the capacity to defend themselves against France and Spain in North America.
  • The colonists do not have the

money to form and maintain a

national army and navy.

slide4

Trade

  • Being part of the British

empire gives the colonists

access to goods from all over the world.

  • Should the colonists win a war with Great Britain, it will be difficult to develop international trade relations and thus the economy will suffer.
  • The colonists have a secure market in Great Britain for their goods and raw materials.
slide5

Human Cost

  • An increase in control by the British government should not alone justify going to war.
  • An imperfect situation is better than the unknown.
  • If the war is lost, some

of the most intelligent, respected leaders in the colonies will be hanged.

slide6

English Subjects

  • The colonist’s rights as English subjects are limited by the English bill of rights.
  • The Patriots have exaggerated problems with Great Britain.
  • The colonists have repeatedly petitioned the King and Parliament to hear their grievances, but were either ignored or answered with more British control.
slide7

As John Locke stated, government is a contract. The king has failed to uphold his end of the contract as the protector of the colonies.

  • Britain has allowed the colonists more rights and privileges than any other nation on earth. The Patriots act like spoiled children expecting more and giving less than those in Great Britain.
  • The King is chosen by God. Treason against the King is treason against God.
  • The colonists basic rights are being eroded. They are no longer guaranteed trials at the place of the crime and troops are being quartered in their homes.
slide8

Assessment Time!

  • Which of the following is an example of effective colonial

propaganda?

    • Midnight Ride of Paul Revere
    • Battle at Lexington and Concord
    • Boston Massacre
    • Proclamation of 1763
slide9

2. You are, and always have been, a model student at Elk Ridge Middle School. One morning, your social studies teacher

Stops you for no reason and tells you they want to go and

search your room at home. If this were to occur in colonial times,

what document would allow this?

  • Writ of Assistance
  • Bill of Attainder
  • Permittance Form
  • Evidence Warrant
slide10

3. Who said, “I know not what course others may take; but as for me, give me liberty or give me death?”

  • John Adams
  • Thomas Jefferson
  • Patrick Henry
  • George Washington

4. Why can the “Boston Massacre” be considered propaganda?

  • Only 1 person was killed
  • Only 5 people were killed
  • 10 People were injured
  • 25 people were injured
slide11

5. What upset the American colonists MOST about the Stamp Act?

  • Colonists did not want to pay taxes to keep British troops in the colonies.
  • The stamp tax raised the price of paper goods in the colonies.
  • Colonists believed that Parliament had no right to tax the colonies.
  • Parliament had not warned the colonies about the new stamp tax in advance.
slide12

6. The Townshend and the Tea Acts were:

  • Opposed as “taxation without representation” by most colonists
  • Approved by most colonists, but opposed by most loyalists
  • Failures because the colonist refused to buy the goods that were taxed
  • Accepted and obeyed by all but a few “hotheads” in Boston
slide13

7. Read the following passage:

“These are the times that try men’s souls. The summer soldier and the sunshine patriot will, in this crisis, shrink from the service of their country; but he that stands Now deserves the love and thanks of man and women.”

This excerpt is an example of colonial propaganda

Who wrote the above stated passage?

  • Joseph Martin, in his memoirs
  • Thomas Paine, in The Crisis
  • George Washington, in his diary
  • John Adams, in a letter to patriots
slide14

“These are the times that try men’s souls. The summer soldier

and the sunshine patriot will,in this crisis, shrink from the service

of their country; but he that stands Now deserves the love and

thanks of man and women.”

8. What is the BEST synonym for Try as it is used in the first line

of the above-mentioned quote?

  • Attempt
  • Judge
  • Test
  • Taste
slide15

9. “Summer soldier and Sunshine Patriots” might BEST be described as

    • Quitters
    • Optimists
    • Fighters
    • Turncoats

10. Suppose that your parents fully support raising the driving age to 18. Your state senator is coming to town to promote his views on the issue. Your parents are planning to attend the meeting, but you are planning to protest by speaking out against the issue. In relating this to the Revolutionary period, you would most likely be know as a:

    • Loyalist
    • Patriot
    • Dissident
    • Troublemaker
slide16

11. Although the Coercive (Intolerable) Acts were meant to punish Massachusetts for the Boston Tea Party, what impact did they have on the rest of the colonies?

    • The act cause trade in other harbors to suffer as well.
    • The act cause the other colonies to fear standing up to the King
    • The acts were so harsh that other colonies wanted to fight back against the King.
    • The acts had no real effect on the colonists.
slide17

12.Benjamin Franklin’s Join or Die cartoon was one of the first political cartoons in history. Which of the following describes Franklins meaning with this cartoon?

    • Patriots must stick together to defeat the British
    • Patriots were “snakes” for going up against their home country.
    • Britain is going to cut up the Patriots like a snake
    • Patriots are like the poison from a snake and must be defeated.
slide18

13. The event in the drawing shows colonial protest to which of the following?

Stamp Act c. Townshend Acts

Tea Act d. Intolerable Acts

slide19

14. The drawing represents which of these events?

    • Boston Tea Party
    • Battle of Bunker Hill
    • Boston Massacre
    • Battle of Saratoga
slide20

15. You and your friend decide not to purchase items from a certain

store in the mall because of the treatment you have received in the

past, this type of protest is best described by

a. slight

b. coercion

c. denial

d. boycott

16. Colonists agreed not to import items that were taxable by

Signing:

a. declaratory acts.

b. importation documents.

c. nonimportation agreements.

d. the Townshend Act.

slide21

17. The Proclamation of 1763

a. made the colonists pay the war debt from the French and Indian War.

b. forbade colonists from settling west of the Appalachian mountains.

c. forced the colonists to respect the rights of Native Americans.

d. forced the colonies to trade only with Great Britain

18. In the Treaty of Paris, France transferred the Louisiana Territory to:

a. Spain

b. the United States

c. Portugal

d. Canada.

slide22

19. In response to the Townshend Acts the colonists

a. approved a ban on the exports and imports with Great Britain.

b. appoint George Washington military commander.

c. send the Olive Branch Petition to the King.

d. approve the raising of an army

20. What played an important role in increasing political activity and raising public awareness in the colonies?

a. town meeting

b. magazines

c. the First Continental Congress

d. newspapers

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