A Business Plan for Africa
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A Business Plan for Africa Breakaway Sessions 1: Africa Inc. Product Mix. Session 1: Agro-Industry – From Food Security to Global Food Basket. November 7th, 2013. The State of Agro-Industry Today. Fact 1:

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November 7th, 2013

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November 7th 2013

A Business Plan for Africa

Breakaway Sessions 1: Africa Inc. Product Mix

Session 1: Agro-Industry – From Food Security to Global Food Basket

November 7th, 2013


November 7th 2013

The State of Agro-Industry Today

Fact 1:

Agriculture and agribusiness, including food retailing, together account for nearly half of GDP in Africa.

Fact 2:

Agricultural production is the most important sector in most African countries, averaging24 percent of GDP for the region.

Fact 3:Agribusiness input supply, processing, marketing, and retailing add about 20 percent of GDP.


November 7th 2013

Leveraging Strengths and Opportunities, Addressing Weaknesses and Threats

IMPLICATIONS

WEAKNESSES

Erratic policies in agricultural output and input markets and trade (see Brenton 2012).

Limited access to land and respect for community land rights (see Deiningerand Byerlee 2011).

Poor infrastructure and high transportation costs (see the World Bank flagship report on Africa’s infrastructure - World Bank 2010).

Difficulties for smallholders and small firms to access technologies, information, skills, and finance(see the World Development Report on agriculture - World Bank 2007d).

Growing imports of commodities to address gaps in local market supply.

According to FAO Statistics, import of commodities such as wheat, maize, rice, palm oil, sugar, soy oil, soya beans and milk increased from a cumulative amount of $35.8 billion between 2001 – 2003 to $92 billion between 2007 and 2009.The FAO report projects Africa’s import of same commodities to a cumulative amount of $200 billion by 2013 and 2015.


November 7th 2013

Leveraging Strengths and Opportunities, Addressing Weaknesses and Threats

THREATS

IMPLICATIONS

Competitiveness as crudely measured by Africa’s share of global agricultural exports has fallen for most countries and for many export commodities.

Relative disadvantage of Africa Inc.


November 7th 2013

Leveraging Strengths and Opportunities, Addressing Weaknesses and Threats

STRENGTHS AND OPPORTUNITIES

1

Demand

Resources

2

Private sector

Of the 500 companies listed in the JeuneAfriqueranking, 111 are active in at least one segment of the agro-food value chain. The range of income among them is extensive, from revenue of more than $11billion to a minimum of $90 million.

60% of the world’s uncultivated arable land


November 7th 2013

Finding Innovative Solutions to Current Challenges

  • Ethiopia, about six million households have received title certificates in a cost-effective way through the implementation of systematic registration and user right certification procedures.

  • In Egypt, the Integrated Water Resource Management (IWRM) Action Plan and associated Integrated Irrigation Improvement and Management Project (IIIMP) is the first large-scale application of the irrigation modernization program, which has introduced continuous flow of water to agricultural land.

  • South Africahas an internationally recognized commodity exchange and Ethiopia has developed a successful spot market exchange. Commodity exchanges help remove or reduce the high transaction costs often faced by entities along commodity supply chains in developing countries.

  • A case study of four African countries (Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda by the African Development Bank) revealed that an integrated strategy is needed to promote smallholder agricultural growth, and that the government should play a more central role in providing investment in rural infrastructure, improving the marketing chain and assisting adaptation to climate change.


November 7th 2013

Finding Innovative Solutions to Current Challenges

  • Policy recommendations within the Africa 2.0 Manifesto:

  • Systematic registration and user right certification.

  • Integrated Water Resource Management (IWRM).

  • Action Plan and associated Integrated Irrigation Improvement and Management Project (IIIMP).

  • Establishing of Commodity Exchange market.

  • Develop strong agro-industry.

  • Government PPP agreement with the Private sector.

  • Encouraging the consumption of local produce.


November 7th 2013

Key Questions to Address in Today’s Session


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