Malawi is going to town l.jpg
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 9

Malawi is going to town PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 156 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Malawi is going to town. Implications for attaining the MDGs John Chome UN-HABITAT Programme Manager www.unmalawi.org www.unhabitat.org. Urban growth rate league table. Rwanda 9.2 Burundi 6.1 Eritrea 6.0 Sierra Leone 5.9 Burkina Faso 5.2 Chad 5.0 Malawi 4.8. Why rapid urbanisation.

Download Presentation

Malawi is going to town

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Malawi is going to town l.jpg

Malawi is going to town

Implications for attaining the MDGs

John Chome

UN-HABITAT Programme Manager

www.unmalawi.org

www.unhabitat.org


Urban growth rate league table l.jpg

Urban growth rate league table

  • Rwanda 9.2

  • Burundi 6.1

  • Eritrea 6.0

  • Sierra Leone 5.9

  • Burkina Faso 5.2

  • Chad 5.0

  • Malawi 4.8


Why rapid urbanisation l.jpg

Why rapid urbanisation

  • Low urbanisation levels (20%)

  • Natural growth (total fertility rates for urban women 15-49 yrs is 4.2)

  • Rural push

    • Diminishing land holdings (55% of smallholder farmers have less than 1ha of cultivable land)

    • Lack of rural off farm economic opportunities

    • Environmental degradation

    • Natural disasters

  • Land is increasingly less able to support land based livelihoods.

  • Movement to the cities and towns to escape rural poverty.


In the city l.jpg

In the city

  • 1,860,000 urban Malawians live under slum conditions.

  • Rate of slum growth (4.0%) synonymous with urban growth (4.8%).

  • Inappropriate or nonexistent policy responses.

  • Poor access to basic urban services including land and housing.

  • Weak local economies to generate jobs.

  • Weak local government capacity.

  • A reluctance to acknowledge the permanence of informal settlements prevents effective management of this issue.

  • Result: Increasing urbanisation of poverty whose visible manifestations are the slums


Goal 1 eradicate extreme poverty and hunger l.jpg

Goal 1: Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger

Opportunities

  • Cities act as catalysts for poverty reduction.

  • Urbanisation levels are closely related to levels of income and better performance on social indicators.

  • Cities and slums are often the first step out of rural poverty.

  • Interdependent relationship between urban and rural.

    Challenge

  • The locus of poverty is moving to cities – cities will become the predominant sites of poverty.

  • Malnutrition, hunger and disease are becoming more prevalent in slums.


Goal 3 promote gender equality and empower women l.jpg

Goal 3: promote gender equality and empower women

Opportunity

  • Cities offer women social mobility which has a positive impact on gender equality.

    Challenges

  • Slum life forces many women and girls to engage in sexually risky behaviour

  • Poor access to water and sanitation places an enormous labour and health burden to women and girls living in slums.


Goal 4 reduce under five mortality l.jpg

Goal 4: Reduce under-five mortality

Opportunity

  • Interventions in water, sanitation and housing have positive outcomes in the reduction of child mortality rates

    Challenges

  • High under five mortality rates due to environmental factors.

  • Access to more health care facilities in cities does not automatically lead to reduced mortality rates in slums.


Goal 7 ensure environmental sustainability l.jpg

Goal 7: Ensure environmental sustainability

Opportunities

  • Slums provide an important entry point for the achievement of all the MDGs in urban areas.

  • Concentration of production and population lowers unit costs of services

    Challenges

  • Slum dwellers are more likely to live in hazardous locations which are more prone to natural disasters

  • Consequencies of poor access to water and sanitation in urban areas are more severe than in rural areas.

  • Destructive ecological footprints of urbanisation.


Conclusions l.jpg

Conclusions

  • Urbanisation in Malawi is irreversible and can be engine for economic growth if managed sustainably.

  • Poverty reduction in rural areas is inextricably linked to sustainable urbanisation.

  • Rapid urbanisation in Malawi and the shifting of the locus of poverty to cities and towns mean that the struggle to achieve the MDGs will be won or lost in the urban areas.


  • Login