Agriculture in the area
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Agriculture in the Area. Mike Roegge University of Illinois Extension Adams/Brown Unit. Economic impact Technology Biotechnology Ag trends Farm facts Major issues today. Ag Statistics 2007. Crop Acres 2009 (thousand). 2009 Sales. (Million dollars). Adams Brown Hancock Pike.

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Agriculture in the area

Agriculture in the Area

Mike Roegge

University of Illinois Extension

Adams/Brown Unit


Agriculture in the area

  • Economic impact

  • Technology

  • Biotechnology

  • Ag trends

  • Farm facts

  • Major issues today


Ag statistics 2007

Ag Statistics 2007


Crop acres 2009 thousand

Crop Acres 2009 (thousand)


2009 sales

2009 Sales

(Million dollars)

Adams

Brown

Hancock

Pike

Crop ValuesLivestock soldTotal

15141.1192.1

48.77.356

18749.8236.8

143.635.6179.2


Livestock 2008

Livestock 2008


Budget for corn 2011

Budget for Corn 2011

Revenue

197 bu corn @ $4.80$946

government payment 24

$970

Expenses

Fertilizer, pesticides, seed, drying,

storage, insurance

328

Machine hire, repair and dep., utilities,

fuel/oil, vehicle

91

Labor, bldg repair and dep., insurance,

misc, interest

55

474

2011 Budget, FarmDoc


Agriculture in the area

Technology on the farm


Gps global positioning systems

GPS- Global Positioning Systems

  • Guidance, auto-steer

  • Swath control

  • Yield maps

  • Variable rate fertilizer spreading

  • Aerial applications

  • Scouting


Guidance

Guidance

  • Lightbars

  • Visual indicators

  • Autosteer

EZ Guide 500, Trimble

Raven Industries, Inc.


Auto steer

Auto Steer

  • Steering wheel mount

  • Steering column mount

  • Integrated hydraulic system

EZ Steer, Trimble


Differential gps dgps

Differential GPS (DGPS)

  • GPS≥ 10 ft

  • WAAS Correction6”-20”

  • Satellite Correction< 6 in

  • RTK < 1 in


Sprayer swath control

Sprayer Swath Control

  • By Sections of the boom

  • Individual Nozzles - Pulse width modulation


Planter controls

Planter controls

  • Section control

    • Multiple row

  • Individual row control


Why increased use

Why Increased Use??

  • Increased efficiencies w/ large equipment equal cost savings

  • 120 acre field

    • Sprayer-60’ boom, 2.5’ average overlap, waterway, seed and herbicide cost $120/acre

    • Swath efficiency $220

    • Auto shutoff $119

    • Total $339


Gmo s

GMO’s

  • What are they?

  • Why do farmers use them?

  • How do they work?

  • Are they used? How common?


Genetically modified soybean

Genetically Modified Soybean

  • First available in soybean in 1996

  • Adoption of technology rapid

  • Traits available initially for producer-

    • Roundup ready and Ignite (weed control

  • Newer traits for consumers

    • Low linolenic- reduce trans fats

    • Low sat fat, mid oelic, - low sat and trans and better stability

    • Omega 3

    • High oleic- reduce trans fats, improve stability in cooking


Gmo corn

GMO Corn

  • Introduced for European Corn Borer control in 1996

  • Several proteins used for insect control

  • Insect control

    • European Corn Borer and other leps

    • Corn Rootworm

  • Weed control

    • Roundup

    • Ignite


Gmo s1

GMO’s

  • Account for 90% of soybean acres in IL in 2009

  • Account for 82% of corn acres in IL in 2010

  • Region- less corn acres planted to GMO


Gmo s2

GMO’s

  • What are they?

  • Why do farmers use them?

  • How do they work?

  • Are they used? How common?


Issues today

Issues Today

  • Cost of farming

    • Cash rents

    • Land prices

    • Input prices

    • Crop prices

  • Demand (determines prices received)

    • Export

    • Domestic

    • Livestock


Trends

Trends

  • Farm size larger

  • Less diversification

  • Fewer people to work more acres

  • Capital expenditures huge

  • Ability to retain farm land questioned


Agricultural jobs

Agricultural Jobs

  • Production

    • Growers, managers, hort, livestock, grain

  • Marketing/Sales

    • Seed, chemical, fertilizer, livestock, tile, machinery, grain

  • Scientist/engineering

    • Precision ag, research (plant/animal), genomics, environmental

  • Management/business

    • Consultant, banker, real estate,broker, economist

  • Education/Communication

    • Educator, media, public health, USDA


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