Termite feeding and the protozoa
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Termite Feeding and the Protozoa. +. =. Created by UH Termite Project. Spirotrichonympha leidyi Koidzumi. Holomastigotoides hartmanni Koidzumi. Formosan Subterranean Termites (Kingdom Animalia). Pseudotrichonympha grassii Koidzumi. Protozoa (Kingdom Protista).

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Termite Feeding and the Protozoa

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Termite feeding and the protozoa

Termite Feeding and the Protozoa

+

=

Created by UH Termite Project


Symbiotic relationship

Spirotrichonympha leidyi

Koidzumi

Holomastigotoides hartmanni

Koidzumi

Formosan Subterranean

Termites

(Kingdom Animalia)

Pseudotrichonympha grassii

Koidzumi

Protozoa

(Kingdom Protista)

Symbiotic Relationship

Association of two dissimilar organisms in a beneficial relationship

+

Created by UH Termite Project


The benefits of the symbiotic relationship

  • The Protozoan receives:

  • A home (shelter) by living in the termite gut.

  • Cellulose (food)from wood that the termite eats

  • The cellulose is digested and acetate, carbon dioxide, hydrogen, and methane are produced and released.

  • The Termites receives/absorbs:

  • Acetate produced by the Protozoa.

  • The termites use the acetate as

  • their energy source to carry out daily bodily

  • functions.

The Benefits of the Symbiotic Relationship

Created by UH Termite Project


The transfer of protozoa in a new colony

The Transfer of Protozoa in a NEW colony

The queen and the king are responsible for feeding and passing on the protozoa to the offspring in the new colony.

Created by UH Termite Project


The transfer of protozoa in an older colony

The Transfer of Protozoa in an OLDER Colony

The workers are responsible for feeding and transferring the protozoa in an older colony.

  • Stomadeal Feeding

  • Passing partially digested food with the mouth to another termite.

  • Proctodeal Feeding

  • Receiving food from the anus.

Created by UH Termite Project


External anatomy of a termite identification of body sections

head

thorax

abdomen

External Anatomy of a TermiteIdentification of Body Sections

1.Head = The eyes, antennae, and mouthparts are on the head.

2.Thorax = The 3 pairs of legs are attached to the thorax.

3.Abdomen = The abdomen holds all reproductive organs.

Created by UH Termite Project


Internal anatomy of a termite how wood is digested

5. Digested material passed out of the anus to feed others or build carton

Internal Anatomy of a TermiteHow wood is digested

1. Pieces of wood enters the mouth.

2. Wood is ground in the crop.

3. Wood particles enters the hind gut and are consumed by the protozoans, who release acetate, carbon dioxide, hydrogen, and methane.

4. Acetate release by protozoa is absorbed by the termite

Created by UH Termite Project


Termite feeding and the protozoa

Omnivore

Energy Source

Carnivore

Consumers/Hetertrophs

Producers

Herbivore

SOIL BACTERIA

(decomposers)

Carnivore

Producer

Created by UH Termite Project


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