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Ra-Ra Moment. Communicate the value you bring Get involved Document Branch out (bring your GIS to the world) Kudos to the Tax Assessors and non-GIS people who are here! If you prefer the background, team up .. Make someone else shine!

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Ra ra moment

Ra-Ra Moment

  • Communicate the value you bring

    • Get involved

    • Document

  • Branch out (bring your GIS to the world)

    • Kudos to the Tax Assessors and non-GIS people who are here!

  • If you prefer the background, team up .. Make someone else shine!

  • Win-win: Personal development and contributions to the profession!

1


Ra ra moment

The Geospatial Approach to Wicked Problems

Danielle Ayan, GISP, [email protected] Program Director

Secretary, URISA (Urban Regional Information Systems Association) International

Former Board Member, National States Geographic Information Council (NSGIC)

Class of 2012, Institute for Georgia Environmental Leadership (IGEL)

Former Chair, Georgia Geospatial Advisory Council (GGAC)

Former Chair, Georgia GIS Coordinating Committee (GISCC)

Former President, Georgia URISA

Oct 2012

2


Wicked problems

Wicked Problems

  • Simply put: Difficult to solve because of incomplete, contradictory, and changing requirements

  • Every wicked problem is essentially unique

  • No well-described set of potential solutions

  • Every implemented solution has consequences

    • Every wicked problem can be considered a symptom of another problem

  • Examples of Wicked Problems: Earth, Air, Fire, Water, Health, Education, Safety, Trans

Geospatial technologies leveraged

3


The geospatial approach to wicked problems

The Geospatial Approach to Wicked Problems

  • By "inspecting 'wicked problems' with geospatial goggles," complexities and interdependencies can be exposed, better defined, dissected, better managed through the geospatial approach and reassembled for overall improvements

Geospatial technologies leveraged

4


The geospatial approach to wicked problems1

The Geospatial Approach to Wicked Problems

Content of the human mind can be classified into 5 categories:

  • Data: raw source content

  • Information: data that are processed to be useful; provides answers to "who", "what", "where", and "when" questions

  • Knowledge: application of data and information; answers "how" questions

  • Understanding: appreciation of "why“

  • Wisdom: evaluated understanding

Geospatial technologies leveraged

5


The geospatial approach to wicked problems2

The Geospatial Approach to Wicked Problems

  • National Geospatial Technology Center of Excellence (GeoTech) + Georgia Tech Research Institute (GTRI)

  • Nov 3 – 5, 2013 | www.spatialplexus.com

Geospatial technologies leveraged

6


The geospatial approach to georgia s wicked problems

The Geospatial Approach to GEORGIA’s Wicked Problems

  • Georgia Geospatial Advisory Council (GGAC): Briefings

    • The GGAC 2010 Georgia Geospatial Audit: Status Report and Recommendations “is by far one of the best reports I have received. Thank you and the Council for all of the hard work.” – Senator Carter

    •  “I see a lot of purpose in what’s being proposed here. What will be key is applying geospatial technologies and resources to improving Georgia’s water and transportation issues.” – Senator Tolleson

7


Wicked problems water

Wicked Problems: Water

Geospatial technologies leveraged

8


H b 169 catalyst geographic challenge

H.B. 169 Catalyst (Geographic Challenge)

  • Original objective: Provide accurate Flood Insurance Rate Map information to property owners

  • 2 issues: Accuracy of data + inequitable ability to notify citizens

9


Georgia geospatial advisory council ggac

Georgia Geospatial Advisory Council (GGAC):

Legislation: http://www.legis.state.ga.us/legis/2009_10/sum/hb169.htm

Georgia Geospatial Audit: Status Report & Recommendations: http://www.legis.state.ga.us/legis/2009_10/sum/hb169.htm

O.C.G.A § 12-5-9 (b)(3) “The council shall audit Georgia’s geospatial capabilities at county, regional, and state levels. The audit shall contain a complete status update and recommendations for utilizing the geospatial capabilities in Georgia tomeet Federal Emergency Management Agency notification requirements, recommendations for moving forward to achieve governmental data inter-operability and enhanced delivery of services to Georgia citizens through the geospatial approach, and any other information determined by the council to be necessary for the advancement of geospatial technology.”

10


H b 169 catalyst geographic challenge1

H.B. 169 Catalyst (Geographic Challenge)

  • Original objective: Provide accurate Flood Insurance Rate Map information to property owners

  • 2 issues: Accuracy of data + inequitable ability to notify citizens

    • Requires the below input:

      Buildings, building addresses or parcel boundaries (that fall within or intersect) accurate floodplain boundaries =

      properties potentially impacted by flood insurance rates

11


Gis aerial photography floodplains parcels

GIS: Aerial Photography + Floodplains + Parcels

12

Image courtesy of Newton County, GA.


H b 169 catalyst geographic challenge2

H.B. 169 Catalyst (Geographic Challenge)

  • Original objective: Provide accurate Flood Insurance Rate Map information to property owners

  • 2 issues: Accuracy of data + inequitable ability to notify citizens

    • Requires the below input:

      Buildings, building addresses or parcel boundaries (that fall within or intersect) accurate floodplain boundaries =

      properties potentially impacted by flood insurance rates

13


Inaccurate geospatial data

Inaccurate Geospatial Data

Withlacoochee River Wastewater Treatment Plant, located outside the FEMA 100 year floodplain ($94 million expense to relocate).

14


Gis elevation data less accurate

GIS: Elevation Data (Less Accurate)

15


Gis elevation data more accurate

GIS: Elevation Data (More Accurate)

2010 LiDAR acquisition in Towns County resulted in over 300 properties being removed from floodplain boundaries (red squares above) saving >$1M over 10 yrs.

16


Inequitable elevation data across the state

Inequitable Elevation Data Across the State

Combined with existing data, the State is currently ~30% covered by high-resolution elevation data 18,300 mi2), with ~59,500 mi2 remaining.

17


Cost of incomplete inaccurate data

Cost of Incomplete & Inaccurate Data

“Insurance Commissioner John W. Oxendine said damage from flooding across north Georgia that began on September 18, 2009 reached an estimated $500 million in losses, most of that amount uninsured.”

18


H b 169 catalyst geographic challenge3

H.B. 169 Catalyst (Geographic Challenge)

  • Original objective: Provide accurate Flood Insurance Rate Map information to property owners

  • 2 issues: Accuracy of data + inequitable ability to notify citizens

    • Requires the below input:

      Buildings, building addresses or parcel boundaries (that fall within or intersect) accurate floodplain boundaries =

      properties potentially impacted by flood insurance rates

19


Inequitable statewide capabilities georgia geospatial audit

Inequitable Statewide Capabilities:Georgia Geospatial Audit

  • Response: 140 of 159 counties (88%)

GIS Address DB (61%)

GIS Buildings DB (21%)

GIS Property DB (75%)

eNotification Capabilities (16%)

Thanks to:

Geospatial technologies leveraged

2010: Citizen notification vulnerability map (i.e., counties with GIS data and ability necessary to notify citizens)

20


H b 169 catalyst geographic challenge4

H.B. 169 Catalyst (Geographic Challenge)

  • Original objective: Provide accurate Flood Insurance Rate Map information to property owners

    FINDINGS: the State of Georgia is not prepared to handle the original intent of the policy: provide accurate information to property owners based on proximity to floodplains.

21


Georgia geospatial advisory council ggac1

Georgia Geospatial Advisory Council (GGAC):

Legislation: http://www.legis.state.ga.us/legis/2009_10/sum/hb169.htm

Georgia Geospatial Audit: Status Report & Recommendations: http://www.legis.state.ga.us/legis/2009_10/sum/hb169.htm

O.C.G.A § 12-5-9 (b)(3) “The council shall audit Georgia’s geospatial capabilities at county, regional, and state levels. The audit shall contain a complete status update and recommendations for utilizing the geospatial capabilities in Georgia to meet Federal Emergency Management Agency notification requirements, recommendations for moving forward to achieve governmental data inter-operability and enhanced delivery of services to Georgia citizens through the geospatial approach, and any other information determined by the council to be necessary for the advancement of geospatial technology.”

22


Silos of geospatial excellence in ga

Silos of Geospatial Excellence in GA

BLLIP, Georgia’s GIS properties’ database, generated $43 million in revenue by selling surplus property and saved more than $8.8M through lease renegotiation and/or consolidation.

SelectGeorgia(GIS-driven web tool) has resulted in a 75% reduction in software maintenance + 70% reduction in maintenance labor. Used to support projects producing >$5.6 billion in new capital investment and the creation of >27,500 new jobs

Geospatial Case Studies from Across Georgia:

https://www.georgiaspatial.org/home/documents/2010-geospatial-case-studies-across-georgia

Geospatial technologies leveraged

23


Utilization of gis in ga

Utilization of GIS in GA

  • Main users and uses

    • GDOT – Road infrastructure, 511, wet lands, crashes

    • GaDNR – Parks, Wildlife Resources, Historic preservation

    • GEMA – Emergency planning, State Hazard Mitigation Planning

    • GDOC – Facility management

    • DPH – Tracking health statistics to target interventions, access to health care

    • DCA – Community planning, Census verification, LUCA, housing programs

    • State Property Officer – BLLIP

    • DOAS Risk Management – BLLIP

    • Regents – Planning and analysis of student enrollment

    • Local Governments – Property tax collection, land use planning, management of city services and emergency response

    • RDCs – Data creation and upkeep for local governments

    • DOE – Broadband of Peachnet for remote academics

  • Yet, still fragmented and uncoordinated statewide

24


Geospatial coordination in other states

Geospatial Coordination in Other States

  • NC: NC OneMap + Geospatial Multistate Archive and Preservation Partnership

  • TN: GIO + Statewide parcels (self-funded through audits)

  • AK: Geospatial Information Office + Enterprise geospatial application services

  • OH: Capital funding for geospatial data development

  • OR: GIO + enterprise application services + NCEES Model Law and Model Rules for geospatial data development

25


Fundamental characteristics of successful statewide gis coordination

Fundamental Characteristics of Successful Statewide GIS Coordination

GIS coordination efforts across states

  • Full-time paid GIO 29

  • Clearly defined authority 32

  • Formal tie to state CIO 28

  • Involved political champion 24

  • National Spatial Data Node29GA Yes (unfunded)

  • Work with local governments33GA ?

  • Sustainable funding13

  • Coordinator contract authority31

  • Primary Federal program contact28

26


Where does ga stand

Where Does GA Stand?

  • Georgia, compared to other states regarding Best Practices defined by NSGIC’s Fifty States Initiative (2007)

27


Ggac status report recommendations

GGAC Status Report & Recommendations

  • Formalize a geospatial advisory council to the General Assembly or state governmental entity ($0*)

    • H.B. 369 passed both sides unanimously in 2012, but no champion to take it to the floor

  • Establish Georgia Geospatial Information Office

  • [Pending] Execute statewide master agreement(s) for geospatial software/services/resources ($0)

  • Develop a digital, statewide parcel GIS database (i.e., “property” database)

  • Develop a current (2009 or more current), high-resolution, statewide elevation GIS database

28


Opportunities

Opportunities

  • Ops: Change the conversation: No longer about consolidation efforts to reduce expenses (server hardware or energy costs), but how to establish a proper foundation for optimizing operations (ex., cloud-based)

  • Biz Needs: Tie GIS to issues .. Geosolutions!

  • Develop critical statewide geospatial databases not currently available for Georgia, including land parcels, addresses, high-resolution elevation, water supplies, utilities, inland bathymetry …

29


Opportunities1

Opportunities

  • Generate information to support decision-makers and achieve state objectives

  • Develop geospatial standards

  • Build web mapping services; shared geospatial application services

  • Geospatial practitioners work together (ex., GIS work with surveyors re: digital submittal rqmts + Clerk of Courts e-filing)

30


Opportunities2

Opportunities

  • Benefit from economies-of-scale data/software/services acquisition

  • Strategically manage the state’s infrastructure under one COP, identify stewards of its assets and facilitate data accessibility, flexibility, availability and reuse across lines of business

31


Opportunities3

Opportunities

  • Improve citizen access to data, coordinate multiple datasets and spatially enable tools for consuming data

  • Use cloud-based models for service delivery

    • Coordinate with peer organizations and consultants for opportunities

  • Evaluate scalability, performance, security and portability of cloud service models

  • Measure benefits, costs, risks

32


Communications

Communications

As an educational/awareness briefing, a comparable variation of this presentation was offered to the following individuals/groups:

Georgia House of Representatives Science & Technology Committee Feb 2012

Senate Natural Resources and the Environment Committee on Feb 2012

7 Georgia Legislators and 2 Senators in Washington, D.C. Feb 2012

And to the Executive Director of the Georgia Technology Authority, Calvin Rhodes (CIO) , Oct 2012

Geospatial technologies leveraged

33


Contact

Contact

34


Additional info

Additional Info

35


Overview of gis in ga

Overview of GIS in GA

36


Overview of gis in ga1

Overview of GIS in GA

37


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