LEGO’S OF AMERICA. ROOTS OF UNITED STATES DEMOCRACY. Our English Heritage. American political traditions can be traced by to the Enlightenment (Reason and Science ) England ruled by a Monarch (King or Queen ). MAGNA CARTA -1215. Protected the privileges and authority of the nobles
LEGO’S OF AMERICA
ROOTS OF UNITED STATES DEMOCRACY
Our English Heritage
American political traditions can be traced by to the Enlightenment (Reason and Science)
England ruled by a Monarch (King or Queen)
MAGNA CARTA -1215
Protected the privileges and authority of the nobles
Landowners have equal protection under the law and right to trial by jury
Limited the power of the monarch by guaranteeing that no one would be above the law
TURNING POINT IN WORLD HISTORY!
* Glorious Revolution – Parliament removes James II and invites his daughter Mary and her husband William to rule (peaceful transfer of power)
* Shows Parliament became more powerful than monarch
Other English Influences:
English Bill of Rights – free elections, fair trial, elimination of cruel and unusual punishments, restricted monarch’s power
Common Law – system of law based on precedent and customs (based on court systems)
John Locke – philosopher; said people had ‘Natural Rights’ – life, liberty, and property (2nd Treatise of Government)
Social Contract of the people
Other English Influences
Jean-Jacques Rousseau –
Social Contract – government protects the peoples rights and the people will obey the government (as influenced by John Locke)
Baron De Montesquieu
Separation of Powers – divide gov’t into different parts to keep it balanced and avoid one part becoming to strong
Mayflower Compact – YouTube
Indentured Servitude led to the practice of Slavery.
5 traditions of English heritage still in the U.S. today: (Review, don’t need to copy)
The ruler is not above the law.
People should have a voice in their government.
Citizens have basic rights that are protected by law
A consistent system of common law
A legislature made up of representatives of different groups of citizens
Birth of Democratic Nation
By the 1750’s, the English government saw the colonies as a great source of wealth
Salutary Neglect - The English government basically ignored the colonies and colonists for a long time
1760 – Mercantilism instituted by England
theory that a country should sell more products to other countries than it buys from other countries – ensures $$$$
Birth of Democratic Nation
King George III began to squeeze all the wealth out of America.
England required the American colonies to sell raw materials to England at low prices and also
Required the colonists in America to buy English products at high prices.
Citizens in the colonies began to suffer financially.