Introduction chinese writing sys tem
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Introduction - Chinese Writing Sys tem. Chinese writing system. Chinese vs. English. Chinese characters = English alphabets There are 26 Alphabets in English There are over 50,000 characters in Chinese English alphabets contain no meaning (except for “ I,” “a”)

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Introduction chinese writing sys tem

Introduction - Chinese Writing System

IC Introduction (Character)


Chinese writing system

Chinese writing system

IC Introduction (Character)


Chinese vs english

Chinese vs. English

  • Chinese characters = English alphabets

  • There are 26 Alphabets in English

  • There are over 50,000 characters in

    Chinese

  • English alphabets contain no meaning

    (except for “I,” “a”)

  • Each Chinese character has meanings

  • IC Introduction (Character)


    Written chinese unifies the varied chinese people and dialects

    Written Chinese – Unifies the varied Chinese people and dialects

    • 3,000 of these are frequently used (99.15% frequency rate)

    • Only 500 – 600 are most frequently used in daily life!

    IC Introduction (Character)


    Introduction chinese writing sys tem

    繁体字 vs. 简体字

    • There are two types of written Chinese characters in use today: Traditional characters (fántǐzì) and Simplified characters (jiǎntǐzì). Traditional characters, stemming from the Qin Dynasty (221-207 B.C.) have a history of roughly 2,000 years. Simplified characters evolved later from the People's Republic of China (PRC) government's wish to reduce illiteracy; they simplified the strokes used in Traditional Chinese to achieve this goal. Thus, Simplified characters are derived from the Traditional characters.

    IC Introduction (Character)


    Introduction chinese writing sys tem

    繁体字 vs. 简体字

    • Example:車 - 车 (chē), automobile鐘 - 钟 (zhōng), clock

    • Discuss: What are the benefits of learning fántǐzì and jiǎntǐzì? Are you learning fántǐzì or jiǎntǐzì right now?

    IC Introduction (Character)


    Evolution of chinese characters

    Evolution of Chinese Characters

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    Evolution of characters

    Evolution of Characters 汉字的演变

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    Vide o

    Video - 甲骨文

    • video from 孔府学院

    • Youtubevideo: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=w5mDCXVaDLk

    IC Introduction (Character)


    Video

    Video – 汉字

    • Video from 孔府学院

    IC Introduction (Character)


    Introduction of chinese characters

    Introduction of Chinese characters

    A very nice intro video from

    Dikk Kelly

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    The basic strokes of characters

    The Basic Strokes of Characters

    • Some Chinese characters (pictgraphs) evolved from pictures.

    • Many people describe writing Chinese characters as similar in feeling to drawing.

    • Question: When we write Chinese characters, are we actually painting?

    IC Introduction (Character)


    The basic strokes of characters1

    The Basic Strokes of characters

    • Of course not!

    • When we paint a painting, it doesn’t matter whether the lines are straight or curvy, nor does it matter which strokes we paint first and which ones we paint later as the final painting resembles the objects that we seek to depict.

    • When writing Chinese characters, we must carefully follow the prescribed stroke order.

    《汉字 的智慧》

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    The basic strokes of characters2

    The Basic Strokes of Characters

    Question: How should we write Chinese characters?

    Answer: As you learn to write Chinese characters, the first thing to know is how to make the strokes. Strokes are important because they show how the characters are composed and enable you to write the characters more easily. There are six basic strokes that are commonly used. It is very important to recognize the strokes and follow the writing rules. Learning the fundamental strokes of Chinese writing and the correct order also helps memorize characters and is an essential basis to learn written Chinese.

    IC Introduction (Character)


    The basic strokes of characters3

    The Basic Strokes of Characters

    A strokeis a single unbroken line drawn from the time you set your pen to paper and move it till the time you lift it off the paper.

    Question: How many strokes (笔画) are there in the writing?

    IC Introduction (Character)


    Introduction chinese writing sys tem

    http://www.hwjyw.com/textbook/dzjc/zh/cd1/cyb.htmI C Introduction (Character)


    Disciplines in character writing

    Disciplines in Character writing

    IC Introduction (Character)


    Rules of stroke order

    Rules of Stroke Order

    1. Horizontal first, then vertical 十、干2. Top first, then bottom 二、古3. Left-slanted first, then right-slanted 八、人4. Left first, then right 川、仁5. Center first, then both sides 小、木6. When making a dot, write it first if it is positioned on the top or upper-left. When it appears on the upper right or in the middle, write it last. 文、斗;犬、叉

    IC Introduction (Character)


    Rules of stroke order1

    Rules of Stroke Order

    7. With “closed” characters, make the outside strokes (left, top, right), then the strokes in the middle, then the bottom stroke that “clothes” the character. 回、因

    8. With semi-closed characters, there are three different stroke orders:

    • strokes in the middle before surrounding strokes 凶、言;

    • surrounding strokes before strokes in the middle 同、司;

    • top before middle before lower-left 匹、匠

    IC Introduction (Character)


    Introduction chinese writing sys tem

    http://www.hwjyw.com/textbook/dzjc/zh/cd1/cyb.htm IC Introduction (Character)


    Introduction chinese writing sys tem

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    Introduction chinese writing sys tem

    Writing Styles

    Cǎo

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    Six categories 1 xi ngx ng pictographs

    Six categories1. 象形 (xiàngxíng)Pictographs

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    All radicals are pictographs

    All Radicals are Pictographs

    • Radicals are pictographs which represent objects in the real world.

    • Some of them can stand alone as independent, one-semantic-unit characters. Examples include 人,口,雨.

    • Radicals may also be combined with other components to form a new character for which the radial serves as a clue to its meaning. Example include 吹 and 妹

    IC Introduction (Character)


    All radicals are pictographs1

    All Radicals are Pictographs

    • Some radicals cannot be used as independent characters but only serve as a part of another character. Their function is to provide a semantic clue to the character, such as 宀in 家, 囗 in 国, and 辶in 逛. According to most dictionaries, there are 214 commonly used radicals in Chinese.

    IC Introduction (Character)


    Basic radicals matching

    Basic Radicals (Matching)

    人口山水日 月

    rénkǒushānshuǐrìyuè

    ( ) ( ) ( ) () ( ) ( )

    • 土木雨火女门

    • tǔmùyǚhuǒnǚmén

      ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) () ( )

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    2 zh sh self explanatory characters

    2. 指事(zhǐshì) Self-explanatorycharacters

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    3 hu y a ssociative compounds

    3. 会意(huìyì)Associative compounds

    Sun moon bright

    日rì月yuè明míng

    People tree  rest

    人rén 木mù 休 xiū

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    Combinations of pictographs and i deographs

    Combinations of Pictographs and Ideographs

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    Guess meanings combinations of pictographs and i deographs

    Guess Meanings: Combinations of Pictographs and Ideographs

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    Guess meanings combinations of pictographs and i deographs1

    Guess Meanings: Combinations of Pictographs and Ideographs

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    4 x ngsh ng p ictophonetic characters

    4. 形声 (xíngshēng) Pictophoneticcharacters

    Question:The majority of Chinese characters fall under which category?

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    Guess the pronunciation combinations of radicals and phonetics

    Guess the Pronunciation: Combinations of Radicals and Phonetics

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    Introduction chinese writing sys tem

    转注 & 假借

    5. 转注(zhuǎnzhù) Mutually explanatorycharacters

    e.g. 老 lǎo考kǎo

    ‘elder’ ‘to test’

    6. 假借 (jiǎjiè) Phonetic loan characters

    e.g. 来 lái花 huā

    ‘to come’ ‘flower/to spend’

    IC Introduction (Character)


    Disciplines in character writing proportion structure

    Disciplines in Character writing- Proportion & Structure

    • Chinese characters are called "square" characters, meaning no matter how simple or complex, each character fits inside a square. These structures will not only help you memorize characters, but also reduce problems with missing dots or strokes when writing. Understanding these structures will make even complex characters easy to remember. characters should be written with a sense of symmetry and proportion.Understanding how to mentally plot out a character within a square will give you one of the fundamentals needed for effective written communication in Chinese.

    Wong, M., Fang, T., Chen, S.-h., & Chien, L.-t. (2011). 真棒. (A. M. Vargas, Ed.) St. Paul, MN: EMC Publishing, LLC and LiveABC Interactive Corporation.


    Structure of chinese characters identify the radicals

    Structure of Chinese Characters-Identify the radicals

    One-semantic-unit characters (one part)

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    Introduction chinese writing sys tem

    Two-semantic-unit characters (two parts)

    -Identify the radicals

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    Introduction chinese writing sys tem

    Three-semantic-unit characters (three parts)

    Identify the Radicals

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    Introduction chinese writing sys tem

    Review the Basic Strokes

    diǎn

    shù

    A stroke

    is a single unbroken line drawn from the time you set your pen to paper and move it till the time you lift it off the paper.

    héng

    piě

    piě

    gōu

    IC Introduction (Character)


    Let s write

    Let’s write

    yīèrsān

    sìwǔ

    一二三四五

    Keep these question inmind:

    1. What is a radical?

    2. Why do we have to learn radicals before learning any complicated characters?

    3. What is a stroke?

    4. What are the basic strokes?

    5. Why is it important to follow the stroke order?

    6. What are the rules of stroke order?

    • Liùqībājiǔshí

    • 六七八九 十

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    Let s write1

    Let’s write

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    Let s write2

    Let’s write

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    Let s write3

    Let’s write

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    More practice

    More Practice

    2. Pronounce the name of each stoke in the following two characters

    Mark tone marks for the following pinyin. Match them with the basic strokes.

    • 横钩

    • 竖钩

    • 斜钩

    • 横折

    • 竖折

    dian pie shugou

    nahenggouti

    xiegouhengshugou

    hengzheshu

    shuzhe

    IC Introduction (Character)


    Other useful links

    Other Useful Links

    • Character Stories

    • Character Strokes

    • Confucius Institute Character Book

    • http://edu.chinese.cn/zh-CN/onlinelearning/node_37311.htm

    IC Introduction (Character)


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