Europeans Conquer Aztecs and Incas
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Europeans Conquer Aztecs and Incas. The 3 motives reinforce each other Political : Become a world power through gaining wealth and land. (______________) Religious : spread Christianity and weaken Middle Eastern Muslims. (____________)

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The 3 motives reinforce each other

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The 3 motives reinforce each other

Europeans Conquer Aztecs and Incas

The 3 motives reinforce each other

  • Political: Become a world power through gaining wealth and land. (______________)

  • Religious: spread Christianity and weaken Middle Eastern Muslims. (____________)

  • Economic: Search for new trade routes with direct access to Asian/African luxury goods would enrich individuals and their nations (_________)


The 3 motives reinforce each other

MERCANTILISM

Get as much gold and silver as you can

Establish a ______________________

Get colonies

COLONIZATION IS A NATURAL OUTGROWTH OF EXPLORATION

COLONIES EXIST TO BENEFIT THE “________________”


The 3 motives reinforce each other

  • CHRISTOPHER COLUMBUS

  • What: Nina, Pinta, __________________

  • Discovered Americas

  • looking for westward route to Asia

  • Met “______________” – very generous

  • Columbus’ men treated Taino very harsh

  • Claimed land for Spain

  • Taino that resisted were killed

  • Columbus required Taino to give him Gold – those that did not were killed

Who: CHRISTOPHER COLUMBUS

When: 1492


The 3 motives reinforce each other

  • HERMAN CORTES

  • When: 1519

  • What: Conquistador

  • Conquered the Aztecs (Mexico)

  • Dona Maria – translator for Cortes

  • Cortes allied with enemies of the Atzecs

  • Moctezuma felt Cortes was the Aztec god-king, Quetzalcoatl who had promised to return from the east

  • 1521 – Cortes conquered Tenochtitlan


The 3 motives reinforce each other

  • Who: Francisco Pizarro

  • When: 1532

  • What: Conquistador

  • Conquered the Incas (Peru)

  • Defeated Atahualpa (Inca king)


The 3 motives reinforce each other

Good

Doors to the Americas were opened

A ‘New World’ was discovered

Colonies

Increased trade

Geographic knowledge

________________ spread

BAD

Natives got diseases that killed them

Natives lost their freedom, customs and pride

Effects of Spanish Exploration


The 3 motives reinforce each other

ENCOMIENDA SYSTEM

  • 1. Spanish Monarchs allowed to demand labor / tribute (cheap labor supply) = ______________

    • “granted” to deserving subjects of the King

  • 2. In return the Conquistador was obligated to

    • protect his wards

    • instruct them in the Christian faith

    • defend their right to use and live off the land

  • 3. Encomienda system eventually decimated Indian population

  • 4. The king prevented the encomienda with the ___________(1542) supported by ___________, the system gradually died out.


The 3 motives reinforce each other

Father Bartolomé de Las Casas

  • Believed Native Americans had been treated harshly by the Spanish

  • Indians could be educated and converted to ________________

  • Believed Indian culture was advanced as European but in different ways


Social classes

SOCIAL CLASSES


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