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Europeans Conquer Aztecs and Incas. The 3 motives reinforce each other Political : Become a world power through gaining wealth and land. (______________) Religious : spread Christianity and weaken Middle Eastern Muslims. (____________)

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Europeans Conquer Aztecs and Incas

The 3 motives reinforce each other

  • Political: Become a world power through gaining wealth and land. (______________)
  • Religious: spread Christianity and weaken Middle Eastern Muslims. (____________)
  • Economic: Search for new trade routes with direct access to Asian/African luxury goods would enrich individuals and their nations (_________)
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MERCANTILISM

Get as much gold and silver as you can

Establish a ______________________

Get colonies

COLONIZATION IS A NATURAL OUTGROWTH OF EXPLORATION

COLONIES EXIST TO BENEFIT THE “________________”

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CHRISTOPHER COLUMBUS

  • What: Nina, Pinta, __________________
  • Discovered Americas
  • looking for westward route to Asia
  • Met “______________” – very generous
  • Columbus’ men treated Taino very harsh
  • Claimed land for Spain
  • Taino that resisted were killed
  • Columbus required Taino to give him Gold – those that did not were killed

Who: CHRISTOPHER COLUMBUS

When: 1492

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HERMAN CORTES

  • When: 1519
  • What: Conquistador
  • Conquered the Aztecs (Mexico)
  • Dona Maria – translator for Cortes
  • Cortes allied with enemies of the Atzecs
  • Moctezuma felt Cortes was the Aztec god-king, Quetzalcoatl who had promised to return from the east
  • 1521 – Cortes conquered Tenochtitlan
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Who: Francisco Pizarro

  • When: 1532
  • What: Conquistador
  • Conquered the Incas (Peru)
  • Defeated Atahualpa (Inca king)
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Good

Doors to the Americas were opened

A ‘New World’ was discovered

Colonies

Increased trade

Geographic knowledge

________________ spread

BAD

Natives got diseases that killed them

Natives lost their freedom, customs and pride

Effects of Spanish Exploration

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ENCOMIENDA SYSTEM

  • 1. Spanish Monarchs allowed to demand labor / tribute (cheap labor supply) = ______________
    • “granted” to deserving subjects of the King
  • 2. In return the Conquistador was obligated to
    • protect his wards
    • instruct them in the Christian faith
    • defend their right to use and live off the land
  • 3. Encomienda system eventually decimated Indian population
  • 4. The king prevented the encomienda with the ___________(1542) supported by ___________, the system gradually died out.
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Father Bartolomé de Las Casas

  • Believed Native Americans had been treated harshly by the Spanish
  • Indians could be educated and converted to ________________
  • Believed Indian culture was advanced as European but in different ways
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