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Section I Overview of International Trade PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Section I Overview of International Trade. Chapter 1. Growth and Direction of International Trade. Determinants of Trade. Trade and exchange rate regime Presence of an entrepreneurial class Efficiency-enhancing government policy Secure access to transport and marketing services.

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Section I Overview of International Trade

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Section i overview of international trade

Section I

Overview of International Trade


Chapter 1

Chapter 1

Growth and Direction

of International Trade


Section i overview of international trade

Determinants of Trade

  • Trade and exchange rate regime

  • Presence of an entrepreneurial class

  • Efficiency-enhancing government policy

  • Secure access to transport and marketing services


Section i overview of international trade

Volume and Direction of Trade

  • Importance of international trade: Access to new products and services, markets, cost advantages, and advanced technical methods abroad. Trade increases incomes and employment. It is estimated that each billion dollars of exported merchandise supports 25,000 jobs.

  • Growth in exports: World merchandise trade has always exceeded the growth of output (except for 1913–1950).


Section i overview of international trade

Volume and Direction of Trade

(cont.)

  • Volume of trade: The volume of world trade in 2004 was about three times what it was in 1990 and approached 11 trillion U.S. dollars. Some of the major factors for this increase include increased incomes due to the expanding middle class in many countries, trade liberalization, and new technologies that assist in the physical integration of world markets.


Section i overview of international trade

Volume and Direction of Trade

(cont.)

  • Direction of trade: Industrial countries account for the largest share (67 percent) of world trade. They also account for major shares of trade with developing and transitional countries.


Section i overview of international trade

Important Developments in Trade

  • Uruguay Round (1994)

    • Establishment of WTO as permanent agency of the United Nations with responsibility for international trade

    • Jurisdiction of WTO extended to services, intellectual property rights

  • Increase in the establishment of regional trading blocs (common markets, free-trade areas) between countries


Section i overview of international trade

Important Developments in Trade

(cont.)

  • Growth in services trade largely due to liberalization and the advent of communication and information technology

  • Developing nations in world trade: In 2004, developing countries accounted for more than a third of the world’s top 25 exporters and importers. Another significant development is the opening up of China and eastern Europe for trade and investment.


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