Interest Groups
Download
1 / 27

Interest Groups - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 120 Views
  • Uploaded on

Interest Groups. How do legislatures, and politicians decide what laws or policies to make?. Public Opinion. Lobbyists. Special Interest Groups. Major Events. Public Opinion. “I can only go as fast as the people will let me.” -FDR.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about ' Interest Groups' - harlan


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

How do legislatures, and politicians decide what laws or policies to make?

Public Opinion

Lobbyists

Special Interest Groups

Major Events


Public Opinion policies to make?

“I can only go as fast as the people will let me.”

-FDR

Before public policy can be made we have to first lets look at public opinion….


Public Opinion policies to make?

  • -Public Opinion

  • Generic term for what the majority of the public may believe about an issue—can be very misleading as a majority may represent only 51%

  • Opinions about government officials, candidates, and issues

  • -Often misleading

  • Can manipulate questions to get the answers they want

Public opinion is the generic term for what people think about the government, the leaders of our country, and the issues facing our government and leaders. Why should the government care about public opinion? Why should the government also be wary of public opinion?



Forming Opinions policies to make?

  • -Many Factors Influence Opinions

  • -Mass Media

  • TV, radio, newspapers, Internet

  • Provides powerful images to the public

  • -Public Officials

  • Voters elect those they trust to public office – voice of the people

  • -Special Interest Groups

  • Persuade people to their point-of-view

In what ways does the media shape public opinion? How can this be both positive and negative?


Measuring Opinion policies to make?

  • -Public Opinion Polls

  • Individuals answer questions to see how the “general public” feels

  • -Random Samples

  • -poll methods where attempts are made to include a wide segment of the population in the poll

  • Reflect the entire population

  • -Effects of Polls

  • Make public officials respond to what the people want

  • Set the public agenda


The goal of interest groups and lobbyists is to persuade legislatures and office holders to enact public policies that will achieve their needs and goals.

Public Policy -


Public policy

Public Policy legislatures and office holders to enact public policies that will achieve their needs and goals.

How individuals, interest groups and the media influence the actions of the government.


What is an interest group
What is an interest group? legislatures and office holders to enact public policies that will achieve their needs and goals.


An interest group is…… legislatures and office holders to enact public policies that will achieve their needs and goals.

"An organization of people with shared ideas and attitudes who attempt to influence public policy."


Interest Groups legislatures and office holders to enact public policies that will achieve their needs and goals.

  • -Interest Groups

  • -a group of people who have similar interests or concerns about an issue

  • Believe that by putting together time, money, and resources, they can influence decision-makers

  • -Bias

  • -term that refers to a one-sided opinion on an issue

  • Interest groups usually biased

  • -Impartial

  • -having no opinion on an issue

Why is it important in researching public opinion and the ideas of interest groups to recognize bias?


Types of Groups legislatures and office holders to enact public policies that will achieve their needs and goals.

  • -Economic Groups

  • Business Organizations

  • Professional Associations

  • Labor Unions

  • -Particular Groups of People

  • Ethnic – NAACP (National Association for the Advancement of Colored People)

  • Age – AARP (American Association of Retired Persons)

  • Sex – NOW (National Organization of Women)

  • -Particular Causes

  • ACLU (American Civil Liberties Union)

The American Association of Retired Persons is one of the most influential special interest groups in America? Why do you think this is?


What is the goal of a lobbyist
What is the goal of a lobbyist? legislatures and office holders to enact public policies that will achieve their needs and goals.


The goal of a lobbyist is as an legislatures and office holders to enact public policies that will achieve their needs and goals.activist usually paid by an interest group to promote their positions to legislatures.


Lobbying legislatures and office holders to enact public policies that will achieve their needs and goals.

  • -Lobbying

  • -the act of trying to influence people on behalf of an interest group

  • Hired by interest groups to go to Congress and influence laws

  • -Functions of Interest Groups

  • Information

  • Represent their members

  • support certain candidates

  • -Lobbyists work at all levels of government

Interest groups hire people called lobbyists to influence Congressmen to pass laws on their behalf. Lobbyists’ most important job is to provide information about their interest group and support their members.


Regulation of Lobbying legislatures and office holders to enact public policies that will achieve their needs and goals.

  • -Past activities of lobbyists have been questionable

  • Congressmen taking bribes, people not getting their rights

  • -government regulation

  • -stop bribery

  • -special interest groups

  • -reporting lobbying activities

  • -effects of Lobbying

  • Have been successful historically of influencing legislation

Because lobbying has not always been ethical, the government has passed laws to limit lobbyist’s power (especially through bribery of Congressmen).


Review Question legislatures and office holders to enact public policies that will achieve their needs and goals.

Public opinion is influenced by which of the following factors:

By many sources

Mostly through advertising

Almost completely by lobbyists

Primarily by interest groups



Review Question following reasons listed below?

Political action committees (PACs) were formed to do which of the following?

allow interest groups to pay lobbyists

allow interest groups to contribute money to candidates and campaigns

assign volunteers to groups that need them

fund mass media


Review Question following reasons listed below?

Lobbyists work for which of the following groups?

the public

interest groups

public officials

the government


Review Question following reasons listed below?

How are interest groups different from political parties?

interest groups do not concentrate on influencing government policy and political parties do

interest groups concentrate on influencing government policy and political parties concentrate on electing candidates

interest groups use propaganda and political parties avoid using propaganda

There is no difference between both interest groups and political parties


Review Question following reasons listed below?

Which of the following would be considered a public interest group?

a. a plumber’s union

b. a lawyers’ association

c. a committee for clean water

d. a group dedicated to promoting motorcycle ownership


Review Question following reasons listed below?

How are interest groups different from political parties?

interest groups do not concentrate on influencing government policy and political parties do

interest groups concentrate on influencing government policy and political parties concentrate on electing candidates

interest groups use propaganda and political parties avoid using propaganda

There is no difference between both interest groups and political parties


ad