Cum Clauses. Clauses that start with “cum”. What is a cum clause, you ask. A clause (you know, subject, verb, complete thought) Starts with “cum” Has a verb in the subjunctive Tells circumstances under which the main action happens. Translating cum clauses. “cum” translates as “when”
Clauses that start with “cum”
“cum” translates as “when”
Imperfect Subjunctives translate with “was/were”
Pluperfect Subjunctives translate with “had”
Quintus, cum de coniuratione audivisset, regem servavit.
Quintus, when he had heard about the plot, saved the king.
cum in villā dormiremus, Modestus et Strythio fūgerunt.
When we were sleeping in the house, Modestus and Strythio fled.
cum Grumio cenam paravisset, puerī id in triclinium tulerunt.
When Grumio had prepared dinner, the boys brought it into the dining room.
When the gladiators were fighting the animals, the spectators applauded.
cum Quintus ursam regem petentem spectavisset, se in ursam iactavit.
When Quintus had seen the bear attacking the king, he threw himself on the bear.
The man, when he was writing in the study, heard the baby crying.
hostis, cum nos vīdisset, nos petivit.
The enemy, when he had seen us, attacked us.