Spirulina
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Spirulina. Spirulina. Blue-green algae 62% amino acid content natural source of vitamin B12 whole spectrum of natural mixed carotene and xanthophyll phytopigments gamma-linolenic fatty acid cell wall made of complex sugars and protein

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Spirulina

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Spirulina

Spirulina


Spirulina1

Spirulina

  • Blue-green algae

  • 62% amino acid content

  • natural source of vitamin B12

  • whole spectrum of natural mixed carotene and xanthophyll phytopigments

  • gamma-linolenic fatty acid

  • cell wall made of complex sugars and protein

  • contains phycobilisomes as light-harvesting protein–pigment complexes : phycocyanin and allophycocyanin


Spirulina2

anticancer

antibacterial

antiparasitic

antiviral properties

medical conditions

allergies

ulcers

anemia

heavy-metal poisoning

radiation poisoning

Spirulina

Al-Batshan et al., 2001

Dasgupta et al., 2001

Zhang et al., 2001

Rodriguez-Hernandez et al., 2001

Pinero Estrada et al., 2001

Hirahashi et al., 2002

Hayashi et al., 1993

Ayehunie et al., 1998


Spirulina antioxidant

Spirulina : antioxidant

In vitro studies :

  • Polysaccharides of Spirulina enhance cell nucleus enzyme activity and DNA repair synthesis.

  • Spirulina is a powerful tonic for the immune system.

Q.S. Pang, B.J. Guo, J.H. Ruan, Enhancement of endonuclease activity and repair DNA synthesis by polysaccharide of Spirulina platensis, I Chuan Hsuch Pao 15 (1998) 374–381.

M.A. Qureshi, M.T. Kidd, R.A. Ali, Spirulina platensis extract enhances chicken macrophage functions after in vitro exposure, J. Nutritional Immunol. 3 (1995) 35–45.

M.A. Qureshi, J.D. Garlich, M.T. Kidd, Dietary Spirulinaplatensis enhances humoral and cell-mediated immune functions in chickens, Immunopharmacol. Immunotoxicol. 18 (1996) 465–476.

M.A. Qureshi, R.A. Ali, Spirulina platensis exposure enhances macrophage phagocytic function in cats, Immunopharmacol.Immunotoxicol. 18 (1996) 457–463.


Spirulina antiviral activity

Spirulina : antiviral activity

Clinical studies :

No fair trial of the effectiveness of whole algal supplementation.

In vitro evidence : Seaweeds and Spirulina extracts in vitro inhibit a variety of enveloped viruses

  • HSV-1 and 2

  • cytomegalovirus

  • measles virus

  • mumps virus

  • influenza A virus

  • HIV

Hayashi K, Hayashi T, Kojima I. A natural sulfated polysaccharide, calcium spirulan, isolated from Spirulina platensis: in vitro and ex vivo evaluation of anti-herpes simplex virus and anti-human immunodeficiency virus activities. AIDS Res Hum Retrov 1996;12(15):1463–71.

Witvrouw M, De Clercq E. Sulfated polysaccharides extracted from sea algae as potential antiviral drugs. Gen Pharmacol 1997;29(4):497–511.

Schaeffer DJ, Krylov VS. Anti-HIV activity of extracts and compounds from algae and cyanobacteria. Ecotoxicol Environ Safe 2000;45(3):208–27, 10.1006/cesa.1999.1862.


Spirulina3

Spirulina

From a nutritional point of view, although inferior to the best protein of animal origin, Spirulina protein ranks as one of the best protein sources of plant origin.


Spirulina toxicity

Spirulina : toxicity

A case report of suspected spirulina-induced hepatoxicity in Japan.

AJG – Vol. 97, No. 12, 2002


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