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Judaism . WHO ARE THEIR GOD/GODS/LEADERS. Abraham said: There is only one god he creates everything The god has relationship with people on Earth God listens and speaks to people through prayers 3 main things in their life, God, Torah and Israel The leaders where men and women

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Presentation Transcript
who are their god gods leaders
WHO ARE THEIR GOD/GODS/LEADERS
  • Abraham said: There is only one god he creates everything
  • The god has relationship with people on Earth
  • God listens and speaks to people through prayers
  • 3 main things in their life,
  • God, Torah and Israel
  • The leaders where men and women
  • Chosen by god as prophets to learn and teach
  • The 12 tribes were headed by princes
  • Also had judges, kings & rabbis as leaders
  • Rabbis has been religious leaders in orthodox
  • Only men where allowed but with time women came too
  • They must start praying at the age of 3
what was the holocaust
What was the Holocaust?
  • Since 18th century in Europe/USA Jews have suffered
  • Less official persecution
  • Anti-Semitism still exists
  • Worst Anti-Semitism took place in the 20th century
  • In 1930 the Nazi gained control in Germany
  • During the second world war
  • Killed all Jews that lived in countries owned by Germany
  • Killed 6 million Jews
  • Hebrew= Shoah (holocaust)
  • Means ‘whirlwind’
  • From the 19th century Jews began to come back
  • After the holocaust the United Nation voted that part of Palestine must become the State of Israel
  • Which is now where most Jews live
judaism customs

Follows > certain dietary laws = Kosher

Kosher = ritually correct > Jewish laws

Diet laws = no meat + no shell fish

Meat + Dairy must be <separated>

Meat > obtained = healthy animal slain > ritual

Death = burial + Shiva ceremony > 7 days

Shiva = mourning + prayer > Kaddish

Marriage under Huppa = Kosher marriage

Huppa = canopy = union < bride + groom

Divorce = wife receives “get” from husband

Writ of divorce = “get” < only wife gets one

Judaism Customs
judaism religion

Two religions > observe Sabbath and attend Synagogue

Sabbath or Shabbet = day of rest

Sabbath= Friday > Saturday= praying, family meeting

Synagogue on Sabbath= church + service held

Boys > 8 days old > circumcised

Two high holidays= Rosh Ha-Shanah + Yom Kippur

Tishri ( Sept. or Oct.) first 2 days = Rosh Ha-Shanah

Yom Kippur= day of regret + hope

Follows > Hebrew Calendar= 12 months < moon

Hebrew Calendar= Tishri, Heshvan, Kislev, Tebet, Shebet, Adar

Hebrew Calendar= Nisan, Iyar, Sivan, Tammuz, Ab, Elul

JudaismReligion
what does this religion believe
What does this religion believe?
  • One god-creates everything
  • Communicate with god through prayer
  • Sacred text-Torah
  • Torah- most important part of Jewish Bible
  • All Jews – what they do more important than what they believe
  • Some Jews- land of Israel most important part of being Jewish-called Zionists
continued
(Continued)
  • 1 day God will send Messiah to earth – lead them/defeat enemies
  • Messiah = special person
  • Jewish Sabbath-day of worship (Sundown Fri.-Nightfall Sat.)
  • Two texts- Hebrew Bible+ Talmud
  • Torah=laws/history
  • Talmud-guide to laws Jews live by
what are the major holidays
What are the major holidays
  • High Holy Days=H.H.D
  • Jewish New Year- Rosh Hashana
  • Rosh Hashana -First day of High Holy Days
  • H.H.D. – put right what you do wrong
  • Last Day of H.H.D- Yom Kippur
  • Yom Kippur-fast from sunset to sunset
  • Restrictions- Yom Kippur- no leather shoes+ no washing/bathing +no oils
continued1
(Continued)
  • Hanukkah
  • 8 day celebration in Nov./Dec.
  • Since 200 B.C.E
  • Games- Driedel= Spinning Top
  • Food cooked in oil- Jam Doughnut/ Latkes
  • Light a candle on Menorah for 8 nights
  • Menorah = special candle stand
how did judaism start
How did Judaism Start?
  • Abraham = father of Jewish religion
  • Abraham 1st to worship 1 god only
  • Abram + wife ~ journey led by god
  • Abram circumcised himself ( to mark covenant) during journey
  • God changed Abram + wife’s names -> Abraham + Sarah ( h is for god)
  • Christianity + Islam branched from Judaism
  • One of oldest religions + 1st believe in 1 god
what religious text are there
What Religious Text are there?
  • Talmud= Jewish religions + civil laws
  • Talmud 2nd to bible
  • Mishnal = written Jewish oral law (written A.D -200)
  • Gemara = explanations of mishnal law + debates
  • Mishnal + Gemara = Talmud
  • 1st 5 books of bible = Torah ( most important script)
  • Torah = laws of Judaism + history Jews ~ 1200 B.C
  • Jews believe Talmud laws as “ oral Torah”
slide12

Thank You!

BY: KIANA YARZADEH

Anson Law

Justin Ho

Shiv Parekh

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