Judaism
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Judaism . WHO ARE THEIR GOD/GODS/LEADERS. Abraham said: There is only one god he creates everything The god has relationship with people on Earth God listens and speaks to people through prayers 3 main things in their life, God, Torah and Israel The leaders where men and women

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Judaism

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Judaism

Judaism


Who are their god gods leaders

WHO ARE THEIR GOD/GODS/LEADERS

  • Abraham said: There is only one god he creates everything

  • The god has relationship with people on Earth

  • God listens and speaks to people through prayers

  • 3 main things in their life,

  • God, Torah and Israel

  • The leaders where men and women

  • Chosen by god as prophets to learn and teach

  • The 12 tribes were headed by princes

  • Also had judges, kings & rabbis as leaders

  • Rabbis has been religious leaders in orthodox

  • Only men where allowed but with time women came too

  • They must start praying at the age of 3


What was the holocaust

What was the Holocaust?

  • Since 18th century in Europe/USA Jews have suffered

  • Less official persecution

  • Anti-Semitism still exists

  • Worst Anti-Semitism took place in the 20th century

  • In 1930 the Nazi gained control in Germany

  • During the second world war

  • Killed all Jews that lived in countries owned by Germany

  • Killed 6 million Jews

  • Hebrew= Shoah (holocaust)

  • Means ‘whirlwind’

  • From the 19th century Jews began to come back

  • After the holocaust the United Nation voted that part of Palestine must become the State of Israel

  • Which is now where most Jews live


Judaism customs

Follows > certain dietary laws = Kosher

Kosher = ritually correct > Jewish laws

Diet laws = no meat + no shell fish

Meat + Dairy must be <separated>

Meat > obtained = healthy animal slain > ritual

Death = burial + Shiva ceremony > 7 days

Shiva = mourning + prayer > Kaddish

Marriage under Huppa = Kosher marriage

Huppa = canopy = union < bride + groom

Divorce = wife receives “get” from husband

Writ of divorce = “get” < only wife gets one

Judaism Customs


Judaism religion

Two religions > observe Sabbath and attend Synagogue

Sabbath or Shabbet = day of rest

Sabbath= Friday > Saturday= praying, family meeting

Synagogue on Sabbath= church + service held

Boys > 8 days old > circumcised

Two high holidays= Rosh Ha-Shanah + Yom Kippur

Tishri ( Sept. or Oct.) first 2 days = Rosh Ha-Shanah

Yom Kippur= day of regret + hope

Follows > Hebrew Calendar= 12 months < moon

Hebrew Calendar= Tishri, Heshvan, Kislev, Tebet, Shebet, Adar

Hebrew Calendar= Nisan, Iyar, Sivan, Tammuz, Ab, Elul

JudaismReligion


What does this religion believe

What does this religion believe?

  • One god-creates everything

  • Communicate with god through prayer

  • Sacred text-Torah

  • Torah- most important part of Jewish Bible

  • All Jews – what they do more important than what they believe

  • Some Jews- land of Israel most important part of being Jewish-called Zionists


Continued

(Continued)

  • 1 day God will send Messiah to earth – lead them/defeat enemies

  • Messiah = special person

  • Jewish Sabbath-day of worship (Sundown Fri.-Nightfall Sat.)

  • Two texts- Hebrew Bible+ Talmud

  • Torah=laws/history

  • Talmud-guide to laws Jews live by


What are the major holidays

What are the major holidays

  • High Holy Days=H.H.D

  • Jewish New Year- Rosh Hashana

  • Rosh Hashana -First day of High Holy Days

  • H.H.D. – put right what you do wrong

  • Last Day of H.H.D- Yom Kippur

  • Yom Kippur-fast from sunset to sunset

  • Restrictions- Yom Kippur- no leather shoes+ no washing/bathing +no oils


Continued1

(Continued)

  • Hanukkah

  • 8 day celebration in Nov./Dec.

  • Since 200 B.C.E

  • Games- Driedel= Spinning Top

  • Food cooked in oil- Jam Doughnut/ Latkes

  • Light a candle on Menorah for 8 nights

  • Menorah = special candle stand


How did judaism start

How did Judaism Start?

  • Abraham = father of Jewish religion

  • Abraham 1st to worship 1 god only

  • Abram + wife ~ journey led by god

  • Abram circumcised himself ( to mark covenant) during journey

  • God changed Abram + wife’s names -> Abraham + Sarah ( h is for god)

  • Christianity + Islam branched from Judaism

  • One of oldest religions + 1st believe in 1 god


What religious text are there

What Religious Text are there?

  • Talmud= Jewish religions + civil laws

  • Talmud 2nd to bible

  • Mishnal = written Jewish oral law (written A.D -200)

  • Gemara = explanations of mishnal law + debates

  • Mishnal + Gemara = Talmud

  • 1st 5 books of bible = Torah ( most important script)

  • Torah = laws of Judaism + history Jews ~ 1200 B.C

  • Jews believe Talmud laws as “ oral Torah”


Judaism

Thank You!

BY: KIANA YARZADEH

Anson Law

Justin Ho

Shiv Parekh


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