Chapter 11: Payment Systems For Electronic Commerce

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Electronic Commerce, Sixth Edition. 2. Online Payment Basics. Cash, checks, credit cards, and debit cards account for more than 90 percent of all consumer payments in the United StatesMost popular consumer electronic transfers are automated payments of Auto loansInsurance paymentsMortgage paymen

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Chapter 11: Payment Systems For Electronic Commerce

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1. Chapter 11: Payment Systems For Electronic Commerce Electronic Commerce, Sixth Edition

2. Electronic Commerce, Sixth Edition 2 Online Payment Basics Cash, checks, credit cards, and debit cards account for more than 90 percent of all consumer payments in the United States Most popular consumer electronic transfers are automated payments of Auto loans Insurance payments Mortgage payments made from consumersí checking accounts

3. Electronic Commerce, Sixth Edition 3 Payment Methods for all Types of U.S. Consumer Transactions, 2005 Projections

4. Electronic Commerce, Sixth Edition 4 Online Payment Basics (continued) Scrip Digital cash minted by a company instead of by a government Cannot be exchanged for cash Like a gift certificate that is good at more than one store

5. Electronic Commerce, Sixth Edition 5 Payment Cards Describe all types of plastic cards used to make purchases Credit card Has spending limit based on a userís credit history

6. Electronic Commerce, Sixth Edition 6 Payment Cards (continued) Debit card Removes an amount from a cardholderís bank account Transfers it to the sellerís bank account Charge card Carries no spending limit Amount charged is due at the end of the billing period

7. Electronic Commerce, Sixth Edition 7 Advantages and Disadvantages of Payment Cards Advantage Worldwide acceptance Built-in security for merchants Disadvantage Payment card service companies charge merchants per-transaction fees and monthly processing fees

8. Electronic Commerce, Sixth Edition 8 Payment Acceptance and Processing Steps followed once a merchant receives a consumerís payment card information Merchant authenticates payment card Merchant checks with payment card issuer To ensure that credit or funds are available Puts a hold on the credit line or the funds needed to cover the charge Settlement occurs

9. Electronic Commerce, Sixth Edition 9 Merchant Accounts To process payment cards for Internet transactions an online merchant must set up a merchant account New merchant must supply Business plan Details about existing bank accounts Business and personal credit history

10. Electronic Commerce, Sixth Edition 10 Processing Payments Online InternetSecure Provides secure payment card services First Data Provides merchant payment card processing services with the following programs ICVERIFY, PCAuthorize, and WebAuthorize Banks connect to an Automated Clearing House (ACH) through highly secure, private leased telephone lines

11. Electronic Commerce, Sixth Edition 11 Processing a Payment Card Transaction

12. Electronic Commerce, Sixth Edition 12

13. Electronic Commerce, Sixth Edition 13

14. Electronic Commerce, Sixth Edition 14 Electronic Cash Term that describes any value storage and exchange system created by a private entity that Does not use paper documents or coins Can serve as a substitute for government-issued physical currency Attractive in two arenas Sale of goods and services of less than $10 Sale of higher-priced goods and services to those without credit cards

15. Electronic Commerce, Sixth Edition 15 Micropayments and Small Payments Micropayments Internet payments for items costing from a few cents to approximately a dollar Small payments Payments of less than $10

16. Electronic Commerce, Sixth Edition 16 Privacy and Security of Electronic Cash Concerns about electronic payment methods include Privacy and security Independence Portability Convenience Advantages of electronic cash Independent and portable

17. Electronic Commerce, Sixth Edition 17 Holding Electronic Cash: Online and Offline Cash Online cash storage Trusted third party is involved in all transfers of electronic cash Holds consumersí cash accounts Offline cash storage Virtual equivalent of money kept in a wallet No third party is involved in the transaction Double-spending Spending electronic cash twice

18. Electronic Commerce, Sixth Edition 18 Advantages and Disadvantages of Electronic Cash Advantages of electronic cash Transactions are more efficient Transfer on the Internet costs less than processing credit card transactions Disadvantages of electronic cash Use provides no audit trail Problem of money laundering arises Susceptible to forgery

19. Electronic Commerce, Sixth Edition 19

20. Electronic Commerce, Sixth Edition 20 Providing Security for Electronic Cash Cryptographic algorithms Keys to creating tamperproof electronic cash that can be traced back to its origins Anonymous electronic cash Electronic cash that cannot be traced back to the person who spent it Creating truly anonymous electronic cash Requires a bank to issue electronic cash with embedded serial numbers

21. Electronic Commerce, Sixth Edition 21 Electronic Cash Systems CheckFree Largest online bill processor in the world Provides online payment processing services Clickshare An electronic cash system aimed at magazine and newspaper publishers

22. Electronic Commerce, Sixth Edition 22

23. Electronic Commerce, Sixth Edition 23 Electronic Cash Systems (continued) PayPal Provides payment processing services to businesses and to individuals Peer-to-peer (P2P) payment system Free payment clearing service for individuals

24. Electronic Commerce, Sixth Edition 24 PayPal Payment Method Search Option on eBay Main Search Page

25. Electronic Commerce, Sixth Edition 25 Electronic Wallets Hold credit card numbers, electronic cash, owner identification, and contact information Give consumers the benefit of entering their information just once Make shopping more efficient

26. Electronic Commerce, Sixth Edition 26 Electronic Wallets (continued) Server-side electronic wallet Stores a customerís information on a remote server belonging to a particular merchant or wallet publisher Client-side electronic wallet Stores a consumerís information on his or her own computer

27. Electronic Commerce, Sixth Edition 27 Microsoft .NET Passport An electronic wallet operated by Microsoft Passport consists of four integrated services Passport single sign-in service (SSI) Passport Wallet service Kids Passport service Public profiles

28. Electronic Commerce, Sixth Edition 28 Microsoft .NET Passport Home Page

29. Electronic Commerce, Sixth Edition 29 Yahoo! Wallet Server side electronic wallet offered by Yahoo! Lets users store information about several major credit and charge cards Many industry observers and privacy rights activist groups are concerned about electronic wallets

30. Electronic Commerce, Sixth Edition 30 W3C Proposed Micropayment HTML Tags

31. Electronic Commerce, Sixth Edition 31 Stored-Value Cards Can be an elaborate smart card with a microchip that records currency balance Common stored-value cards Prepaid phone, copy, subway, and bus cards

32. Electronic Commerce, Sixth Edition 32 Magnetic Strip Cards Cannot send or receive information Cannot increment or decrement value of cash stored on the card Processing must be done on a device into which the card is inserted Smart card Better suited for Internet payment transactions

33. Electronic Commerce, Sixth Edition 33 Smart Cards Stored-value cards Can hold private user data, such as financial facts Can store about 100 times more information than a magnetic strip plastic card Safer than conventional credit cards

34. Electronic Commerce, Sixth Edition 34 Octopus Smart Card Information on the Hong Kong Citybus Site

35. Electronic Commerce, Sixth Edition 35 Smart Cards (continued) Smart Card Alliance Promotes benefits of smart cards Promotes widespread acceptance of multiple-application smart card technology Members include companies in banking, financial services, computer technology, and healthcare Promotes compatibility among smart cards, card reader devices, and applications

36. Electronic Commerce, Sixth Edition 36 Internet Technology and the Banking Industry Paper checks Used to make the largest dollar volume payments Check Clearing for the 21st Century Act (Check 21) Permits banks to eliminate the movement of physical checks entirely

37. Electronic Commerce, Sixth Edition 37 Phishing Attacks Basic structure Attacker sends e-mail messages to a large number of recipients Message states that an account has been compromised and the matter should be corrected Message includes a link User enters a login name and password, which the perpetrator captures Once inside a victimís account, the perpetrator can access personal information

38. Electronic Commerce, Sixth Edition 38 Phishing Attack Countermeasures Most important step that companies can take today Educate Web site users Many companies contract consulting firms that specialize in anti-phishing work Anti-phishing technique Monitor online chat rooms used by criminals

39. Electronic Commerce, Sixth Edition 39 End Chapter 11

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