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HIV/ AIDS. HIV. Human Immunodeficiency Virus Virus Attacks the immune system Kills T-cells. AIDS. Acquired Immuno-Deficiency Syndrome Immune system has been weakened by virus Body struggles to fight disease Characterized by low T-cell count. HIV Origin. First human case 1959 in Congo

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Presentation Transcript

HIV

  • Human Immunodeficiency Virus

  • Virus

  • Attacks the immune system

  • Kills T-cells


AIDS

  • Acquired Immuno-Deficiency Syndrome

  • Immune system has been weakened by virus

  • Body struggles to fight disease

  • Characterized by low T-cell count


Hiv origin
HIV Origin

  • First human case 1959 in Congo

  • Contact was caused by hunting of chimpanzees for food

  • 1999-scientists identified West African chimpanzees as source of HIV


Hiv in us
HIV in US

  • First cases in mid-late 1970s

  • Early 80s- many rare diseases being reported in specific lifestyle group

  • Led to detection of HIV/ AIDS


Hiv transmission
HIV Transmission

  • Blood

  • Semen & vaginal fluid (intercourse)

  • Birth

  • Breast-milk

  • Sharing needles


NOT

  • Saliva

  • Sharing food/ glasses

  • Touching

  • Toilet seats

  • Mosquitoes


Who is at risk
Who is at risk?

  • Anyone who…

    • Uses injection drugs

    • Engages in unprotected sexual contact

    • Is the child of a mother with HIV/ AIDS


Prevention
Prevention

  • Abstinence

    • From risk behaviors

  • Condom use

  • Using clean needles

  • HIV/ AIDS infected mothers not breast feeding

  • Get tested


Signs symptoms
Signs/ Symptoms

  • Unreliable

  • May have no signs and symptoms with HIV

  • ¼ of infected person’s do not know they are infected


Getting tested
Getting Tested

  • Tests for antibodies your body makes to fight HIV

  • 3 month window

  • Blood Test

    • ELISA & Western Blot

  • Rapid Test

    • Gives results in 20 minutes

    • Uses blood or oral fluid


Getting tested1
Getting Tested

  • Urine Sample

    • Least accurate

  • Home-Tests

    • Collect own sample and mail it into lab

  • Positive urine, oral, or home-test results should be followed up with blood test


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