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HIV/ AIDS - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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HIV/ AIDS. HIV. Human Immunodeficiency Virus Virus Attacks the immune system Kills T-cells. AIDS. Acquired Immuno-Deficiency Syndrome Immune system has been weakened by virus Body struggles to fight disease Characterized by low T-cell count. HIV Origin. First human case 1959 in Congo

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Presentation Transcript
slide2
HIV
  • Human Immunodeficiency Virus
  • Virus
  • Attacks the immune system
  • Kills T-cells
slide3
AIDS
  • Acquired Immuno-Deficiency Syndrome
  • Immune system has been weakened by virus
  • Body struggles to fight disease
  • Characterized by low T-cell count
hiv origin
HIV Origin
  • First human case 1959 in Congo
  • Contact was caused by hunting of chimpanzees for food
  • 1999-scientists identified West African chimpanzees as source of HIV
hiv in us
HIV in US
  • First cases in mid-late 1970s
  • Early 80s- many rare diseases being reported in specific lifestyle group
  • Led to detection of HIV/ AIDS
hiv transmission
HIV Transmission
  • Blood
  • Semen & vaginal fluid (intercourse)
  • Birth
  • Breast-milk
  • Sharing needles
slide7
NOT
  • Saliva
  • Sharing food/ glasses
  • Touching
  • Toilet seats
  • Mosquitoes
who is at risk
Who is at risk?
  • Anyone who…
    • Uses injection drugs
    • Engages in unprotected sexual contact
    • Is the child of a mother with HIV/ AIDS
prevention
Prevention
  • Abstinence
    • From risk behaviors
  • Condom use
  • Using clean needles
  • HIV/ AIDS infected mothers not breast feeding
  • Get tested
signs symptoms
Signs/ Symptoms
  • Unreliable
  • May have no signs and symptoms with HIV
  • ¼ of infected person’s do not know they are infected
getting tested
Getting Tested
  • Tests for antibodies your body makes to fight HIV
  • 3 month window
  • Blood Test
    • ELISA & Western Blot
  • Rapid Test
    • Gives results in 20 minutes
    • Uses blood or oral fluid
getting tested1
Getting Tested
  • Urine Sample
    • Least accurate
  • Home-Tests
    • Collect own sample and mail it into lab
  • Positive urine, oral, or home-test results should be followed up with blood test
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