Vocabulary level d
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Vocabulary Level D. Notes Pronunciation key is below the word. Darken all semi-colons because they separate distinct definitions. Write vocab. word in its correct form in blank and underline context clues!. Never Forget :. “In vocabulary, as in life, context is everything !”

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Vocabulary Level D

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Vocabulary level d

Vocabulary Level D

Notes

Pronunciation key is below the word.

Darken all semi-colons because they separate distinct definitions.

Write vocab. word in its correct form in blank and underline context clues!


Never forget

Never Forget:

“In vocabulary, as in life, context is everything!”

J. E. Ross

The best sections in which to find good context clues are:

  • Completing the Sentence

  • Sample sentences below definition

  • Choosing the Right Word

  • Initial reading passage


Unit 1

Unit 1

  • admonish: slightly neg. connotation; transitive = must have a direct object; d. o. = people or groups of people

  • breach: verb form = transitive; types of things that can be breached – security, etiquette, rules, contract, offensive line (football); noun often used w/ “of” or “in”

  • brigand: 

  • circumspect:  describes people

  • commandeer: often ; trans.; someone takes command of something w/out giving the person who owns it a choice


Vocabulary level d

6. cumbersome:  could describe a thing or a process; occasionally a person

7. deadlock:  process that should go forward cannot

8. debris: 

9. diffuse: verb = science often– usually intrans. (no d. o.); middle def. refers to spoken or written language 

10. dilemma: 

11. efface: weather can efface writing on tombstones; people who are self-effacing try NOT to be noticed


Vocabulary level d

12. muddle: , noun and verb; “muddle through” means to get by, probably barely

13. opinionated: , applies to people or groups of people

14. perennial: can apply to anything that comes up over and over (like PSSAs or heavy traffic at the mall during the holidays)

15. predispose: often used in past tense as adj.; I’ve found that people who are opinionated are predisposed to like those with similar opinions.

16. relinquish: trans.; d. o. = something one doesn’t necessarily want to give up (implies reluctance)


Vocabulary level d

17. salvage:  although applying to neg. situation; verb form = trans; can apply to any disaster; can be figurative (salvaging a reputation)

18. spasmodic: unpredictable, sometimes frightening (gunfire, thunder)

19. spurious: , describes something that could be authentic but isn’t (watches, support for an argument, feelings that people fake)

20. unbridled: doesn’t refer to something that CAN’T be controlled– just something that ISN’T– enthusiasm, ambition, greed


Unit 1 wrap

Unit 1 Wrap

  • In which of your classes this year do students get admonished the most? Why?

  • What provisions have been made in Penndale to help prevent a security breach?

  • In what types of school-related activities, either in class or after school, are you required to be the most circumspect?

  • What speaker whom you have heard in the last year has been the most diffuse?


Unit 1 wrap1

Unit 1 Wrap

  • In what class would you be required to evaluate claims and determine if they are genuine or spurious?

  • Under which schedule, this year’s or last year’s, are you required to carry around a more cumbersome pile of books and materials?

  • Is there a moment that happened in elementary school that you wish you could efface from your memory?

  • Which privilege that you have earned as you’ve gotten older are you most reluctant to relinquish?


Unit 1 wrap2

Unit 1 Wrap

9. If you could change a rule or procedure here at Penndale, what change would you greet with unbridled enthusiasm?


Venn diagram info

Venn Diagram Info

efface

  • time, elements in addition to people

  • no longer exists

    trans. verb

  • “gone” factor

    relinquish

  • only people/ sentient beings

  • exists but not in one’s possession


  • Venn diagram info1

    Venn Diagram Info

    cumbersome

    • can refer to bulky things

    • awkward but not impossible

    • is

      • adj.

      • can describe process

        muddled

    • can refer to thinking

    • can be verb

    • becomes


    Venn diagram info2

    Venn Diagram Info

    commandeer

    • S. = people;

    • D.O. = thing

    • purpose = use

      trans. verbs

      • sub = people w/ authority

        admonish

    • Sub. and D.O. = people

    • purpose = order or compliance


    Unit 2

    Unit 2

    • adjourn – trans.; proceedings that people are involved with; the one in control does the adjourning

    • alien -  -- can be noun or adj.

    • comely -  external appearances

    • compensate -  people get compensated for $, time, effort; when one sense is diminished, other senses may compensate for its loss

    • dissolute -  people w/ no moral compass

    • erratic -  refers to something that can have a dependable pattern but doesn’t


    Unit 21

    Unit 2

    7. expulsion -  -- from somewhere/something

    8. feint – strategic move to “fake out” an opponent

    9. fodder – can be figurative

    10. fortify -  - processed foods are often fortified b/c the processing takes out nutrients

    11. illegible

    12. jeer -  -- bullies start here often-noun and verb

    13. lucrative -  $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$

    14. mediocre -  meh


    Unit 22

    Unit 2

    15. proliferate – something has a life of its own

    16. subjugate -  can be used literally (politics– dictators), figuratively – people can subjugate their emotions

    17. sully -  lit. or fig.– can be sullied– honor, reputation, good name, image

    18. tantalize - 

    19. terse – language/words

    20. unflinching -  - always in the face of something negative; describe loyalty, devotion, courage, determination


    Unit 3

    Unit 3

    • abridge – transitive- d.o. = something written, time, space; fig. or lit.

    • adherent – same root as adhesive; people– to or of something/someone (stated or implied)

    • altercation – emotional & concrete; can escalate to something physical 

    • cherubic – literal or figurative 

    • condone – trans.=d.o. must be negative; “look the other way” when one shouldn’t

    • dissent – BIG, abstract, intransitive; dissent from– stated or implied


    Unit 31

    Unit 3

    7. eminent – reputation or ability (people) ; second def. = physical

    8. exorcise – trans.- d. o. = something negative (literal or figurative)

    9. fabricate – trans. – d.o.= concrete or abstract

    10. gluttony – pattern of being greedy “glutton for punishment)

    11. irate - !!!

    12. marauder -  brigand; “Marauder’s Map”

    13. pauper - 


    Unit 32

    Unit 3

    14. pilfer -  usually of small value

    15. rift – concrete or abstract (relational)

    16. semblance – (re-) used w/ OF

    17. surmount -  trans.- d.o.= something neg. to achieve something pos!

    18. terminated – trans.- d.o. = something in progress or in effect (relationship, contract, meeting)

    19. trite - relates to language, written or spoken

    20. usurp -  trans.- d.o.= position, often of power, or a role or office


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