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Vocabulary Level D. Notes Pronunciation key is below the word. Darken all semi-colons because they separate distinct definitions. Write vocab. word in its correct form in blank and underline context clues!. Never Forget :. “In vocabulary, as in life, context is everything !”

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vocabulary level d

Vocabulary Level D

Notes

Pronunciation key is below the word.

Darken all semi-colons because they separate distinct definitions.

Write vocab. word in its correct form in blank and underline context clues!

never forget
Never Forget:

“In vocabulary, as in life, context is everything!”

J. E. Ross

The best sections in which to find good context clues are:

  • Completing the Sentence
  • Sample sentences below definition
  • Choosing the Right Word
  • Initial reading passage
unit 1
Unit 1
  • admonish: slightly neg. connotation; transitive = must have a direct object; d. o. = people or groups of people
  • breach: verb form = transitive; types of things that can be breached – security, etiquette, rules, contract, offensive line (football); noun often used w/ “of” or “in”
  • brigand: 
  • circumspect:  describes people
  • commandeer: often ; trans.; someone takes command of something w/out giving the person who owns it a choice
slide4

6. cumbersome:  could describe a thing or a process; occasionally a person

7. deadlock:  process that should go forward cannot

8. debris: 

9. diffuse: verb = science often– usually intrans. (no d. o.); middle def. refers to spoken or written language 

10. dilemma: 

11. efface: weather can efface writing on tombstones; people who are self-effacing try NOT to be noticed

slide5

12. muddle: , noun and verb; “muddle through” means to get by, probably barely

13. opinionated: , applies to people or groups of people

14. perennial: can apply to anything that comes up over and over (like PSSAs or heavy traffic at the mall during the holidays)

15. predispose: often used in past tense as adj.; I’ve found that people who are opinionated are predisposed to like those with similar opinions.

16. relinquish: trans.; d. o. = something one doesn’t necessarily want to give up (implies reluctance)

slide6

17. salvage:  although applying to neg. situation; verb form = trans; can apply to any disaster; can be figurative (salvaging a reputation)

18. spasmodic: unpredictable, sometimes frightening (gunfire, thunder)

19. spurious: , describes something that could be authentic but isn’t (watches, support for an argument, feelings that people fake)

20. unbridled: doesn’t refer to something that CAN’T be controlled– just something that ISN’T– enthusiasm, ambition, greed

unit 1 wrap
Unit 1 Wrap
  • In which of your classes this year do students get admonished the most? Why?
  • What provisions have been made in Penndale to help prevent a security breach?
  • In what types of school-related activities, either in class or after school, are you required to be the most circumspect?
  • What speaker whom you have heard in the last year has been the most diffuse?
unit 1 wrap1
Unit 1 Wrap
  • In what class would you be required to evaluate claims and determine if they are genuine or spurious?
  • Under which schedule, this year’s or last year’s, are you required to carry around a more cumbersome pile of books and materials?
  • Is there a moment that happened in elementary school that you wish you could efface from your memory?
  • Which privilege that you have earned as you’ve gotten older are you most reluctant to relinquish?
unit 1 wrap2
Unit 1 Wrap

9. If you could change a rule or procedure here at Penndale, what change would you greet with unbridled enthusiasm?

venn diagram info
Venn Diagram Info

efface

      • time, elements in addition to people
      • no longer exists

trans. verb

    • “gone” factor

relinquish

  • only people/ sentient beings
  • exists but not in one’s possession
venn diagram info1
Venn Diagram Info

cumbersome

  • can refer to bulky things
  • awkward but not impossible
  • is
    • adj.
    • can describe process

muddled

  • can refer to thinking
  • can be verb
  • becomes
venn diagram info2
Venn Diagram Info

commandeer

  • S. = people;
  • D.O. = thing
  • purpose = use

trans. verbs

    • sub = people w/ authority

admonish

  • Sub. and D.O. = people
  • purpose = order or compliance
unit 2
Unit 2
  • adjourn – trans.; proceedings that people are involved with; the one in control does the adjourning
  • alien -  -- can be noun or adj.
  • comely -  external appearances
  • compensate -  people get compensated for $, time, effort; when one sense is diminished, other senses may compensate for its loss
  • dissolute -  people w/ no moral compass
  • erratic -  refers to something that can have a dependable pattern but doesn’t
unit 21
Unit 2

7. expulsion -  -- from somewhere/something

8. feint – strategic move to “fake out” an opponent

9. fodder – can be figurative

10. fortify -  - processed foods are often fortified b/c the processing takes out nutrients

11. illegible

12. jeer -  -- bullies start here often-noun and verb

13. lucrative -  $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$

14. mediocre -  meh

unit 22
Unit 2

15. proliferate – something has a life of its own

16. subjugate -  can be used literally (politics– dictators), figuratively – people can subjugate their emotions

17. sully -  lit. or fig.– can be sullied– honor, reputation, good name, image

18. tantalize - 

19. terse – language/words

20. unflinching -  - always in the face of something negative; describe loyalty, devotion, courage, determination

unit 3
Unit 3
  • abridge – transitive- d.o. = something written, time, space; fig. or lit.
  • adherent – same root as adhesive; people– to or of something/someone (stated or implied)
  • altercation – emotional & concrete; can escalate to something physical 
  • cherubic – literal or figurative 
  • condone – trans.=d.o. must be negative; “look the other way” when one shouldn’t
  • dissent – BIG, abstract, intransitive; dissent from– stated or implied
unit 31
Unit 3

7. eminent – reputation or ability (people) ; second def. = physical

8. exorcise – trans.- d. o. = something negative (literal or figurative)

9. fabricate – trans. – d.o.= concrete or abstract

10. gluttony – pattern of being greedy “glutton for punishment)

11. irate - !!!

12. marauder -  brigand; “Marauder’s Map”

13. pauper - 

unit 32
Unit 3

14. pilfer -  usually of small value

15. rift – concrete or abstract (relational)

16. semblance – (re-) used w/ OF

17. surmount -  trans.- d.o.= something neg. to achieve something pos!

18. terminated – trans.- d.o. = something in progress or in effect (relationship, contract, meeting)

19. trite - relates to language, written or spoken

20. usurp -  trans.- d.o.= position, often of power, or a role or office

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