Verbals and Verbal Phrases. A verbal is a verb that acts as a noun, adjective, or adverb. The three kinds of verbals are: gerunds, participles, and infinitives. What is a Verbal. A gerund is a verb acting as a noun. To form a gerund add “ing” to the end of a verb.
The three kinds of verbals are: gerunds, participles, and infinitives.What is a Verbal
To form a gerund add “ing” to the end of a verb.
A gerund can be a subject, P.N., D.O., I.O., or O.P.
Ex. Learning is fun.
The gerund is “learning”. I can easily replace it with a different noun, such as Ms. Berger. *Ms. Berger is fun.Gerund
A gerund phrase is a gerund plus all of its modifiers (adjective, prepositional phrases, etc.).
Learning about English is fun.
The gerund phrase is “learning about English”.Gerund Phrase
A participle is a verb that acts like an adjective. (adjective, prepositional phrases, etc.).
A participle can end with an “ed” (past participle) or an “ing” (present participle).
Participles can be plain old adjectives and predicate adjectives.
Thinking students make me happy.
The participle is “thinking”. It describes the students. I can easily replace it with a different adjective such as courteous. *Courteous students make me happy.Participles