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Does the environment cause personnel turnover in the Royal Navy?. Sarah Cudmore & Professor David Uzzell. Presentation structure. Context of study Environment The study - approach and methods Findings- life at sea on deployed ship Conclusions. Context of study.

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Does the environment cause personnel turnover in the royal navy

Does the environment cause personnel turnover in the Royal Navy?

Sarah Cudmore & Professor David Uzzell


Presentation structure
Presentation structure Navy?

  • Context of study

  • Environment

  • The study - approach and methods

  • Findings- life at sea on deployed ship

  • Conclusions


Context of study
Context of study Navy?

  • The problem - retention of OMs

    • “Culture shock”?

    • Breaking psychological contracts?


Environment
Environment Navy?

  • The RN, OMs and their ships

    • Who are they

    • Why they join

    • Their lives in the RN

    • Type 42s

  • Deployed ships as ICE



The study theoretical approach
The study – theoretical approach Navy?

  • Psychological contracts

  • Environmental psychology perspectives?

    • Affordances

    • Theory of planned behaviour

    • Affect heuristic

    • Isolated and Confined Environments

      • “home”, territoriality, privacy, personalisation…..

  • Grounded theory approach

    • Qualitative

    • Which theory fits data?


The study methodology
The study - methodology Navy?

  • Focus on males and Type 42 ships

  • In-depth interviews with OMs with different levels of sea experience

  • Measured perceptions/experience of physical and social environment over time

    • Questionnaires

    • Word association

    • Structured Multiple Sort Procedure

    • Critical incident

    • Structured and semi-structured discussions


The study participants

PRE Navy?

FIRST

SEVERAL

POST

Sea experience

None

One deployment

On second or more deployment

Post one or more deployment

Interview

location

Training base

At sea after 5 ½ months deployed

UK port

Number interview-

ees

5

3

3

5

Time in RN

8 months

2-2 ½ years

4-5 years

2-4 ½ years

The study - participants


The study research question
The study – research question Navy?

  • How do participants feel and behave with respect to the ship as a combined living and work area?


Mess deck Navy?

- Sleeping area


Bunk Navy?

“It’s the one place on board where no one can get you. No one can poke fun at you, …no one can touch you at all.

It’s a rule that you don’t mess. It’s sacred.

Your pit is your own personal private space. “ FIRST



Messdeck
Messdeck – Navy?

“Squished. Soggy. Stinky. Good blokes, though”. FIRST


Toilets
Toilets Navy?

“in the toilets you get like sad cases writing stuff like how much they hate other people on the ship…. what wrens they’d like to shag and everything like that…….it’s like a newspaper.” POST


++ + / + Navy?

++ + / +

++ + / +

++ + / +

PRE FIRST

SEVERAL POST

Feelings - places

Living spaces

Work spaces

Type 42

Bunk

Ops Room

Messdeck


++ + / + Navy?

++ + / +

++ + / +

++ + / +

PRE FIRST

SEVERAL POST

Feelings – people and RN

Officers

Operator Mechanics

Divisional Officers

Royal Navy


Ab om view of their job

Scale 1 = ++ Navy?ßà 5 =

Top factors (Av score <= 1.5)

Worst factors (Av score >=3)

Good social life (1.2)

Sep. from family and friends (4.6)

Control over own life (4.3)

Long hours (4.3)

Away from home/local environment (4.0)

Living and working conditionss (3.9)

Privacy (3.9)

Get good qualifications (3.8)

Discipline (3.7)

Personal freedom (3.5)

AB(OM) view of their job


Difference between ship home
Difference between ship & “home” Navy?

  • “Then you’ll go down the mess and you can’t sit down and, you know, have a cup and tea and just sit there and cool down because the mess is just as hot and you’ve got no space to just sit down and relax or – the mess square is just packed. You can’t, you know, watch TV, you can’t … potter round your house, you can’t do your bits and pieces or anything like that.” SEVERAL


Conclusions theoretical basis
Conclusions – theoretical basis Navy?

  • Findings fit previous psychological contract work

  • Theories can explain findings:

Environment / Organisation / Organisational agents

Information from environment – state of psychological contract

Information from environment – state of psychological contract

Choices / actions – psychological contract

Affordances

Affect heuristic

Theory of planned behaviour


Conclusions why leaving
Conclusions – why leaving? Navy?

  • Not culture shock

  • Broken psychological contracts

  • Increased dissatisfaction over time

  • Changing needs

  • “The bad outweighs the good”


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