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Search Techniques & Using Databases . Jane Long MLIS, University of Oklahoma MA, Wright State University Reference Services Librarian Al Harris Library [email protected] How do I get started?. Search Techniques: . Keywords Flexible Terms Easy Searches Less Accuracy in Searching

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Search techniques using databases

Search Techniques & Using Databases

Jane Long

MLIS, University of Oklahoma

MA, Wright State University

Reference Services Librarian

Al Harris Library

[email protected]



Search techniques
Search Techniques:

  • Keywords

    • Flexible Terms

    • Easy Searches

    • Less Accuracy in Searching

    • Use of Phrases

    • Use Synonyms


Identifying keywords
Identifying Keywords

  • Identify the significant terms and concepts that describe your topic from your thesis statement or research question.

  • These terms will become the key for searching catalogs, databases and search engines for information about your subject.


Keywords synonyms
Keywords: Synonyms

Keyword phrase: green society

Synonyms: environmentalism, sustainable living, social responsibility, clean energy, ecological modernization, environmental protection, environmental aspects, green movement, political ecology, recycling ethic, preservation…


Keyword phrases
Keyword Phrases

  • Single concept, multiple words

  • Some electronic resources require keyword phrases be enclosed with punctuation by using

    • Quotation marks

    • Parenthesis


Keyword phrase examples

Gasoline Taxes

-- Highway Trust Fund

-- Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC)

-- Transportation spending

-- Sport utility vehicles (SUVs)

-- Fuel efficiency

Government Bailout

Bear Stearns

Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac

Housing bill

Savings and loan crisis

Henry Paulson

Subprime mortgages

Keyword Phrase Examples


Search techniques1
Search Techniques:

2. Boolean Operators

  • Connect keywords only

  • Must be placedbetween keywords

  • AND

    • Narrows your search

  • OR

    • Expands your search with synonymous terms

  • NOT

    • Excludes words from your search

    • If used too much, it can work against you!


Treatment of employees by fast food restaurants
Treatment of employees by fast food restaurants

  • First, narrow down the topic

    • Which restaurants are you talking about?

    • What kind of treatment?

      • Good or Bad

      • Focusing on:

        • Working environment & hours

        • Benefits & Pay

        • Promotion & Opportunities

    • How are employees treated by their peers? Manager(s)? Customer(s)?


How and is used
How “AND” is used

  • AND (narrows)

    • restaurantandemployee

    • restaurantandemployeeand“retirement benefits”


How or is used
How “OR” is used

  • OR (expands)

    • restaurantorcafeteria

    • salaryorincome

  • AND & OR together

    • restaurantorcafeteriaandemployee

    • salaryorincomeand “work hours”


How not is used
How “NOT” is used

  • NOT (excludes)

    • cafeterianotschool

    • incomenotinflux

  • AND, OR & NOT together

    • employeeandrestaurantorcafeterianotschool


Search strategy
Search Strategy

  • Endless possibilities…

    • employee OR worker AND cafeteria AND salary

    • employee AND restaurant AND salary OR income

    • waitress AND eatery AND income


Class exercise
Class Exercise

  • Keyword Building Exercise

    Brainstorming Ideas: student, train, work

    (You are considering today’s economy and preparation for employment as a beginning topic possibility.)

    • Your keyword choices should be

      synonyms


Today s job market
Today’s job market

salary

learner

practice

student

work

train

apprentice

livelihood

educate


Finding articles
Finding Articles

  • We find articles in periodicals. This includes magazines, scholarly journals, and newspapers

  • Many of these resources

    are available in print

  • Many are available

    through our library

    databases


Magazines vs scholarly journals
Magazines vs. Scholarly Journals

What is the difference?


Difference between scholarly and popular periodicals
Difference Between Scholarly and Popular Periodicals

POPULAR MAGAZINES

  • USUALLY SOMEWHAT SLICK AND ATTRACTIVE IN APPEARANCE

  • RARELY CITE SOURCES. INFO. IS USUALLY SECONDARY, REPORTED FROM SOURCE

  • ARTICLES SHORT, WRITTEN IN SIMPLE LANGUAGE AND FOR A MINIMAL EDUCATION LEVEL

  • USUALLY LOT OF ADVERTISING AND PICTURES

  • PAGINATION RESTARTS IN EVERY ISSUE

SCHOLARLY JOURNALS

  • HAVE A SOBER, SERIOUS LOOK

  • ALWAYS CITE THEIR SOURCES IN FOOTNOTES/ ENDNOTES AND INCLUDE BIBLIOGRAPHIES

  • ARTICLES WRITTEN BY A SCHOLAR OR RESEARCHER “HORSE’S MOUTH”

  • PEER-REVIEWED BY SCHOLARS

  • LANGUAGE OF JOURNAL ASSUMES SOME SCHOLARLY BACKGROUND ON THE PART OF READER

  • ADVERTISING IS SPECIALIZED TO THAT DISCIPLINE

  • PAGINATION IS USUALLY CUMULATIVE



Databases are
Databases are: databases!

  • Large, regularly updated files of digitized information related to a specific subject or field.

  • They are the place where we find articles from scholarly publications, magazines, and newspapers.

  • They are the best source for your research.


Databases 101 differences between brands products
Databases 101: Differences Between Brands & Products databases!

  • EBSCOHost

    • Academic Search Complete

    • ERIC

    • Newspaper Source

    • CINAHL

    • MEDLINE Plus

    • SPORTDiscus

  • Nike

    • Shoes for…

      • Men

      • Women

      • Children

      • Basketball

      • Baseball/Softball

      • Running

      • Soccer

      • Golf


Full text articles
Full-text articles databases!

Full-text articles indicate the entire article can be found within the database, no physical searching is necessary. Full-text articles are accessible in the following ways:

  • HTML (displays like a web page)

  • PDF (displays like a photocopy; best for citing info)

  • Linked (hyperlinks to full-text in another location)


Periodicals list
Periodicals List databases!

A directory used to identify the location of journals, magazines and newspapers accessible through the library regardless of format

Formats:

  • Electronic (article database)

  • Paper (soft or hard bound)

  • Microfilm (reel)

  • Microfiche (card)


Periodicals list1
Periodicals List databases!


Periodicals list exercise
Periodicals List Exercise databases!

  • Is the periodical a magazine or a journal?

  • Does the library have access to this periodical?

  • How do you know?


The search for articles should begin by creating an ebsco folder

Searching Techniques databases!

Scholarly vs. Popular Periodicals

Periodicals List

Databases 101

The search for articles should begin by creating an EBSCO folder.



Next step
Next Step databases!


With a databases!folder, you are ready to save documents as you begin searching for sources.


Article databases
Article Databases databases!


Citing database articles magazine source
Citing Database Articles – magazine source databases!

  • Bernstein, Fred. "Architecture That Makes a Difference." Architectural Record Oct. 2008: 65- 65. Academic Search Complete. Web. 24 Sept. 2009.


Citing database articles journal source
Citing Database Articles – journal source databases!

  • Rozsa, Lajos. “A Psychochemical Weapon Considered by the Warsaw Pact: A Research Note.” Substance Use & Misuse 44.2(2009): 172-78. Academic Search Complete. Web. 24 Sept. 2009.


Exercise
Exercise databases!

  • Academic Search Complete Worksheet


Questions
Questions? databases!

  • Contact me:

    • Jane Long

      • 774-3030

      • [email protected]

      • Faculty webpage: http://faculty.swosu.edu/jane.long/


Thank You! databases!


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