Ecosystem Based Approach to Management and Ocean Observing Kevin Friedland National Marine Fisheries Service, 28 Tarzwell Dr., Narragansett, RI 02882 , USA. Transition to Full EBFM. Change in Assessment Approach. Current FMP Structure. Transition FMP Structure. Ecosystem-Based FMP.
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National Marine Fisheries Service, 28 Tarzwell Dr., Narragansett, RI 02882, USA
Transition to Full EBFM
Change in Assessment Approach
Current FMP Structure
Transition FMP Structure
EBFM Modules Based on
FMPs Based on Single
FMPs Based on Extended
Single Species Assessments
Change in Production Potential
Annual daily mean chlorophyll a concentration (orange) and primary production (green) for the Northeast Shelf Large Marine Ecosystem.
Surface chlorophyll a concentration (top) and chlorophyll anomaly (bottom) for the Northeast Shelf Large Marine Ecosystem.
Change in Climate Conditions
Northwards shift of red hake Urophycischuss based in bottom trawl survey data, cool to warm, blue to red, shades scale from low to high abundance (extracted from Nye et al. 2009).
Time series of sea surface temperatures in eco-regions of the Northeast Shelf Large Marine Ecosystem with projected temperature based on an ensemble of climate projection models.
Application of Ocean Observing Data
in an Ecosystem Context
Indicators in status assessments and response analyses-Advisories, Status Reports, Integrated Ecosystem Assessments
Model parameterization-Fisheries Ecosystem Management Plans
Spatial analyses-consultation with entities dealing with marine spatial planning issues
Definition of habitat
Production level forcing of higher trophic level yield
Climate projections-expectations of change in species distributional range and fisheries availability
Continuing and New Observing Data
of Interest for Ecosystem Research
Indicators that are responsive to ecosystem change
Measurements that help us understand primary production and the foodweb dynamics that control energy flow in the ecosystem—resulting in harvestable seafood
Variables that are part of our modeling systems for eco-production units
Parameters that control the behavior of organisms and thus define their habitats
Observing system measurements that can be contextualized to climate change projections
Highlighted Practical Issues
Data assimilative hindcastsof circulation-with community available outputs of temperature, salinity, density and flow
Multiple monthly glider sections to estimate transport
Continued real-time analyses of habitat definition
Better coordination with NERACOOS