The jacob narrative
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The Jacob Narrative. Studies in the Book of Genesis. Genesis 31 - 35. © John Stevenson, 2009. Interlude: Rebekah in foreign palace, pact with foreigners (26). Jacob fears Esau and flees (27:1 - 28:9). Jacob’s encounter with God — ladder (28:10-22). Arrival in Haran (29:1-30).

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The Jacob Narrative

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The jacob narrative

The Jacob Narrative

Studies in

the Book of Genesis

Genesis 31 - 35

© John Stevenson, 2009


Birth of twins jacob is named 25 19 34

Interlude: Rebekah in foreign palace, pact with foreigners (26)

Jacob fears Esau and flees (27:1 - 28:9)

Jacob’s encounter with God — ladder (28:10-22)

Arrival in Haran (29:1-30)

Jacob’s wives are fertile (29:31 - 30:24)

Jacob’s flocks are fertile (30:25-43)

Birth of Twins: Jacob is named (25:19-34)

Flight from Haran (31)

Jacob’s encounter with God — angel (32)

Jacob returns and fears Esau (33:1-20)

Interlude: Dinah in foreign palace, pact with foreigners (34)

Death of Rebekah’s nurse: Named Israel (35)


Genesis 31 1 2

Genesis 31:1-2

Now Jacob heard the words of Laban’s sons, saying, “Jacob has taken away all that was our father’s, and from what belonged to our father he has made all this wealth.” 2 Jacob saw the attitude of Laban, and behold, it was not friendly toward him as formerly.


Genesis 31 3

Genesis 31:3

Then the LORD said to Jacob, “Return to the land of your fathers and to your relatives, and I will be with you.”

Same promise God made to Isaac in Genesis 26:3


Genesis 31 1 21

Genesis 31:1-2

Now Jacob heard the words of Laban's sons, saying, “Jacob has taken away all that was our father’s, and from what belonged to our father he has made all this wealth.” 2 Jacob saw the attitude of Laban, and behold, it was not friendly toward him as formerly.


Genesis 31 4 6

Genesis 31:4-6

So Jacob sent and called Rachel and Leah to his flock in the field, 5 and said to them, “I see your father’s attitude, that it is not friendly toward me as formerly, but the God of my father has been with me. 6 You know that I have served your father with all my strength….”


Genesis 31 7

Genesis 31:7

“Yet your father has cheated me and changed my wages ten times; however, God did not allow him to hurt me…”


Genesis 31 8 9

Genesis 31:8-9

“If he spoke thus, ‘The speckled shall be your wages,’ then all the flock brought forth speckled; and if he spoke thus, ‘The striped shall be your wages,’ then all the flock brought forth striped. 9 Thus God has taken away your father's livestock and given them to me.”


Genesis 31 14 16

Genesis 31:14-16

Rachel and Leah said to him, “Do we still have any portion or inheritance in our father's house? 15 Are we not reckoned by him as foreigners? For he has sold us, and has also entirely consumed our purchase price. 16 Surely all the wealth which God has taken away from our father belongs to us and our children; now then, do whatever God has said to you.”


Genesis 31 17 18

Genesis 31:17-18

Then Jacob arose and put his children and his wives upon camels; 18 and he drove away all his livestock and all his property which he had gathered, his acquired livestock which he had gathered in Paddan-aram, to go to the land of Canaan to his father Isaac.


Genesis 31 19

Genesis 31:19

When Laban had gone to shear his flock, then Rachel stole the household idols that were her father’s.

Teraphim

(~ypir'T.)


Genesis 31 21

Genesis 31:21

So he fled with all that he had; and he arose and crossed the Euphrates River, and set his face toward the hill country of Gilead.


The jacob narrative

 Haran


Genesis 31 22 24

Genesis 31:22-24

When it was told Laban on the third day that Jacob had fled, 23 then he took his kinsmen with him and pursued him a distance of seven days' journey, and he overtook him in the hill country of Gilead. 24 God came to Laban the Aramean in a dream of the night and said to him, “Be careful that you do not speak to Jacob either good or bad.”


Genesis 31 25

Genesis 31:25

Laban caught up with Jacob. Now Jacob had pitched his tent in the hill country, and Laban with his kinsmen camped in the hill country of Gilead.


Genesis 31 26

Genesis 31:26

Then Laban said to Jacob, “What have you done by deceiving me and carrying away my daughters like captives of the sword?”


Genesis 31 27 28

Genesis 31:27-28

“Why did you flee secretly and deceive me, and did not tell me so that I might have sent you away with joy and with songs, with timbrel and with lyre; 28 and did not allow me to kiss my sons and my daughters? Now you have done foolishly.”


Genesis 31 29 30

Genesis 31:29-30

“It is in my power to do you harm, but the God of your father spoke to me last night, saying, ‘Be careful not to speak either good or bad to Jacob.’ 30 Now you have indeed gone away because you longed greatly for your father's house; but why did you steal my gods?”


Genesis 31 31

Genesis 31:31

Then Jacob replied to Laban, “Because I was afraid, for I thought that you would take your daughters from me by force….”


Genesis 31 32

Genesis 31:32

“The one with whom you find your gods shall not live; in the presence of our kinsmen point out what is yours among my belongings and take it for yourself.” For Jacob did not know that Rachel had stolen them.

A curse is placed

upon Rachel


Genesis 31 33

Genesis 31:33

So Laban went into Jacob’s tent and into Leah’s tent and into the tent of the two maids, but he did not find them. Then he went out of Leah’s tent and entered Rachel’s tent.


Genesis 31 34

Genesis 31:34

Now Rachel had taken the household idols and put them in the camel’s saddle, and she sat on them. And Laban felt through all the tent but did not find them.


Genesis 31 35

Genesis 31:35

She said to her father, “Let not my lord be angry that I cannot rise before you, for the manner of women is upon me.” So he searched but did not find the household idols.

Rachel will die

in childbirth


Jacob s complaint

Jacob’s Complaint

  • I have kept my part of the bargain

  • I served you for your daughters

  • You changed my wages ten times

  • You only treated me right because God made you do it


Laban

Laban

Jacob

Laban

Called the stone Galeed (“witness pile”)

Called the stone Jegar-sahadutha (“heap of the testimony”)

Also known as Mizpah (“place of looking”)


The jacob narrative

Genesis 31:54

Then Jacob offered a sacrifice on the mountain, and called his kinsmen to the meal; and they ate the meal and spent the night on the mountain.


Genesis 32 1 2

Genesis 32:1-2

Now as Jacob went on his way, the angels of God met him. 2 Jacob said when he saw them, “This is God’s camp.” So he named that place Mahanaim.


Genesis 32 3 5

Genesis 32:3-5

Then Jacob sent messengers before him to his brother Esau in the land of Seir, the country of Edom. 4 He also commanded them saying, “Thus you shall say to my lord Esau: ‘Thus says your servant Jacob, “I have sojourned with Laban, and stayed until now; 5 I have oxen and donkeys and flocks and male and female servants; and I have sent to tell my lord, that I may find favor in your sight.”’”


Genesis 32 6

Genesis 32:6

The messengers returned to Jacob, saying, “We came to your brother Esau, and furthermore he is coming to meet you, and four hundred men are with him.”


Genesis 32 7 8

Genesis 32:7-8

Then Jacob was greatly afraid and distressed; and he divided the people who were with him, and the flocks and the herds and the camels, into two companies; 8 for he said, “If Esau comes to the one company and attacks it, then the company which is left will escape.”


Jacob s prayer

Jacob’s Prayer

  • Jacob points out that he got into this situation by obeying the direction of the Lord: And Jacob said, "O God of my father Abraham and God of my father Isaac, O LORD, who didst say to me, 'Return to your country and to your relatives, and I will prosper you’” (32:9).


Jacob s prayer1

Jacob’s Prayer

  • Jacob points out that he got into this situation by obeying the direction of the Lord.

  • Jacob recognizes his own unworthiness: I am unworthy of all the lovingkindness and of all the faithfulness which Thou hast shown to Thy servant; for with my staff only I crossed this Jordan, and now I have become two companies (32:10).


Jacob s prayer2

Jacob’s Prayer

  • Jacob prays for deliverance: Deliver me, I pray, from the hand of my brother, from the hand of Esau; for I fear him, lest he come and attack me, the mothers with the children (32:11).

  • Jacob points out that he got into this situation by obeying the direction of the Lord.

  • Jacob recognizes his own unworthiness.


Jacob s prayer3

Jacob’s Prayer

  • Jacob prays according to the promise of God.

  • Jacob points out that he got into this situation by obeying the direction of the Lord.

  • Jacob recognizes his own unworthiness.

  • Jacob prays for deliverance.


Genesis 32 22 23

Genesis 32:22-23

Now he arose that same night and took his two wives and his two maids and his eleven children, and crossed the ford of the Jabbok. 23 He took them and sent them across the stream. And he sent across whatever he had.


The jacob narrative

The Jabbok

River


Genesis 32 24

qbea'YE

 Niphal imperfect

of

qb;a'

Genesis 32:24

Then Jacob was left alone, and a man wrestled with him until daybreak.


Genesis 32 25

Genesis 32:25

When he saw that he had not prevailed against him, he touched the socket of his thigh; so the socket of Jacob's thigh was dislocated while he wrestled with him.


Genesis 32 26

Genesis 32:26

Then he said, “Let me go, for the dawn is breaking.” But he said, “I will not let you go unless you bless me.”


Genesis 32 27 28

Genesis 32:27-28

So he said to him, “What is your name?” And he said, “Jacob.” 28 He said, “Your name shall no longer be Jacob, but Israel; for you have striven with God and with men and have prevailed.”

~yhil{a/-~[i t'yrIf-yKi'


Genesis 32 29

Genesis 32:29

Then Jacob asked him and said, “Please tell me your name.” But he said, “Why is it that you ask my name?” And he blessed him there.


Genesis 32 30

Genesis 32:30

So Jacob named the place Peniel, for he said, “I have seen God face to face, yet my life has been preserved.”


Genesis 32 31 32

Genesis 32:31-32

Now the sun rose upon him just as he crossed over Penuel, and he was limping on his thigh.

32 Therefore, to this day the sons of Israel do not eat the sinew of the hip which is on the socket of the thigh, because he touched the socket of Jacob’s thigh in the sinew of the hip.


Jacob jesus

He won by losing but refusing to let go

His victory obtained grace for us

Jacob Jesus

Wrestled with an angel

Wrestled with sin and with Satan

Was a victor by grace

His hip was thrown out of joint

All His bones were out of joint

He won by losing His life on the cross


Jacob jesus1

As a memorial, the Israelites did not eat the sinew of the joint

He died that we might see God

Jacob Jesus

He released the angel before the sun rose

The sun hid its face as He was on the cross

He called the place Peniel; the face of God

As a memorial, we are called to come and eat at the Lord’s table


Jacob wants to be delivered in his upcoming meeting with esau

Before meeting

God

After meeting

God

Jacob wants to be delivered in his upcoming meeting with Esau

Jacob has been delivered after meeting God

Jacob fears Esau

Jacob’s fear of Esau is gone


Genesis 33 18 20

Genesis 33:18-20

Now Jacob came safely to the city of Shechem, which is in the land of Canaan, when he came from Paddan-aram, and camped before the city. 19 He bought the piece of land where he had pitched his tent from the hand of the sons of Hamor, Shechem’s father, for one hundred pieces of money. 20 Then he erected there an altar and called it El-Elohe-Israel.


The jacob narrative

“You are not greater than our father Jacob, are You?”

(John 4:12)

Shechem


The dinah episode

The Dinah Episode

  • Dinah is raped by the son of a Canaanite chieftain

  • The Canannites proposes a policy of inter-marriage

  • The sons of Jacob answer with deceit (34:13).

  • They slaughter all the inhabitants of the city.


The dinah episode1

The Dinah Episode

Why is this story included in the Genesis Account?


The dinah episode2

The Dinah Episode

How does this story relate to the Israelites for whom Moses is writing the book of Genesis?


Genesis 35 2 3

Genesis 35:2-3

So Jacob said to his household and to all who were with him, “Put away the foreign gods which are among you, and purify yourselves and change your garments; 3 and let us arise and go up to Bethel, and I will make an altar there to God, who answered me in the day of my distress and has been with me wherever I have gone.”


Genesis 35 4

Genesis 35:4

So they gave to Jacob all the foreign gods which they had and the rings which were in their ears, and Jacob hid them under the oak which was near Shechem.

Jacob’s call for purity is a regular theme in the Scriptures, but is there a negative slant to hiding such things under a tree?


Then god appeared to jacob again when he came from paddan aram and he blessed him genesis 35 10

Then God appeared to Jacob again when he came from Paddan-aram, and He blessed him. (Genesis 35:10).

Reiteration

of the Covenant


God said to him

God said to him,

Reiteration

of the Covenant

“Your name is Jacob; You shall no longer be called Jacob, But Israel shall be your name.” Thus He called him Israel. (Genesis 35:9-10).


The jacob narrative

God also said to him, “I am God Almighty; Be fruitful and multiply; A nation and a company of nations shall come from you, And kings shall come forth from you.” (Genesis 35:11).

Reiteration

of the Covenant

Where have we

seen these words

before?


The jacob narrative

“The land which I gave to Abraham and Isaac, I will give it to you, And I will give the land to your descendants after you.” (Genesis 35:12).

Reiteration

of the Covenant


Genesis 35 16 17

Genesis 35:16-17

Then they journeyed from Bethel; and when there was still some distance to go to Ephrath, Rachel began to give birth and she suffered severe labor. 17 When she was in severe labor the midwife said to her, “Do not fear, for now you have another son.”


Genesis 35 18 19

Genesis 35:18-19

It came about as her soul was departing (for she died), that she named him Ben-oni; but his father called him Benjamin. 19 So Rachel died and was buried on the way to Ephrath (that is, Bethlehem).

“Son of my

right (hand)”

“Son of my sorrows”


Rachel s story

Rachel’s Story

  • Rachel’s untimely death is a part of a curse unwittingly placed on her by Jacob

“The one with whom you find your gods shall not live; in the presence of our kinsmen point out what is yours among my belongings and take it for yourself.” For Jacob did not know that Rachel had stolen them. (Genesis 31:32).


Rachel s story1

Rachel’s Story

  • Rachel’s untimely death is a part of a curse unwittingly placed on her by Jacob

  • Rachel is buried “on the way to Ephrath (that is, Bethlehem)”

  • A later reference to “Rachel weeping for her children” will point to untimely deaths in Bethlehem.

  • We have a “Son at the right hand” from Bethlehem who became a curse for us.


Jacob

Jesus

Jacob

He is our elder brother

He sought to steal the blessing that belonged to another

He sought to share the blessing that was rightfully His

He was the younger brother

He took on the flesh of a goat in order to accomplish the deception

He took on flesh in order to accomplish our salvation


Jacob1

Jesus

Jacob

Jesus is the Ladder, the way between Heaven and Earth

Jacob starts his family with twelve sons that grow and prosper until he takes them home.

Jesus starts with twelve disciples that continues to grow and prosper until He takes us Home

Jacob Has a Vision of a Ladder between Heaven and Earth


Jacob2

Jesus

Jacob

Known for his Deceit and deceitful tactics

Known for his innocence, is betrayed with deceit, takes on our guilt

Submits to the Father so that we might see the Face of God

He struggles with an angel and sees the face of God


Jacob3

Jesus

Jacob

He can only love the lovely and meets his perfect, pure, and beautiful bride at a well

He meets an imperfect, unclean, and unlovely woman at the well, whom he will make perfect, clean, and lovely enough to be His bride.

Rolls away the stone no man could

Rolls away the stone no man could


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