Medical terminology
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 13

MEDICAL TERMINOLOGY PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 298 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

MEDICAL TERMINOLOGY. MEDICAL TERMINOLOGY. Why is medical terminology so important?. MEDICAL TERMINOLOGY. Universal language for all health care workers Better understanding when reading charts/care plans Makes reporting/recording easier & faster

Download Presentation

MEDICAL TERMINOLOGY

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Medical terminology

MEDICAL TERMINOLOGY


Medical terminology1

MEDICAL TERMINOLOGY

Why is medical terminology so important?


Medical terminology2

MEDICAL TERMINOLOGY

  • Universal language for all health care workers

  • Better understanding when reading charts/care plans

  • Makes reporting/recording easier & faster

    Ex. Patient complains of lower left quadrant pain and has nausea and vomiting = Pt. c/o LLQ pain & N/V

  • To understand medical terminology we have to:

    • Analyze words by dividing them into parts

      • Prefix

      • Root word

      • Suffix

    • Relate the terms to the structure and function of the body


Prefix

PREFIX

  • A prefix is a word element placed at the beginning of a word.

  • Prefixes are always combined with other word elements, never alone.

  • It usually indicates time, direction or number/amount.

    HYPER = above normal

    HYPO = below normal

    THEREFORE:

    HYPERTENSION = above normal blood pressure

    HYPOTENSION = below normal blood pressure


Medical terminology

ROOT

A root word contains the basic meaning of the word.

  • It can be combined with prefixes, suffixes or other root words to form a medical term.

  • A root word usually indicates a body part, and is the foundation of the term.

  • The combining vowel, usually “o” links the root to the suffix or to another root word. It is then called a “combining form”.

  • This combining vowel is only used when the suffix or root word that it’s being linked to begins with a consonant.

    ARTHR = joint (root word)

    SCOPY = examination using a scope (suffix)

    THEREFORE:

    Arthr/o/scopy = examination of a joint using a scope


Medical terminology

ROOT

  • End – within (root)

    Scope – examination with a scope (suffix)

    = End/o/scope – to examine within the body using a scope

  • Electr– electricity (root)

    Cardi– heart (root)

    Gram – record (suffix)

    = Electr/o/cardi/o/gram

    TRY THIS

    Gastr– stomach

    It is – inflammation

    = ??


Suffix

SUFFIX

  • A suffix is placed at the end of a word and is combined with a prefix or root word.

  • They are never used alone.

  • Suffixes usually indicate a procedure, condition or disease.

    RHIN (O) = nose (root word)

    PLASTY = surgical repair or reshaping (suffix)

    THEREFORE:

    RHIN/O/PLASTY = surgical repair or reshaping of the nose


Let s try some

LET’S TRY SOME

ROOT

Cardio =

Laryngo =

Oto =

Endo =

Gastro =

Myo =

Arthro =

SUFFIX

Ectomy =

Otomy =

Algia =

Rrhea =

Ologist =

Rrhage =

Necrosis =

PREFIXES

Hypo =

Peri =

Pre =

Hyper =

Post =

Tachy =

Brady =


Directional terms

DIRECTIONAL TERMS

4 REGIONS OF THE ABDOMEN

  • Left upper quadrant

  • Right upper quadrant

  • Left lower quadrant

  • Right lower quadrant


Directional terms1

DIRECTIONAL TERMS

DIVISIONS OF THE BACK

  • Cervical – Neck region (C1-C7)

  • Thoracic – Chest region (T1-T12)

  • Lumbar – Waist region (L1-L5)

  • Sacral – Region of the sacrum (S1-S5)

  • Coccygeal – Region of the coccyx

  • The numbers indicate the number of vertebrae in each division


Directional terms2

DIRECTIONAL TERMS

Distal – far from the beginning of a structure or point of attachment

Proximal – near the beginning of a structure or point of attachment

Anterior (ventral) – located at or toward the front of the body or body part

Medial – relating to or located at or near the middle or midline of the body or body part

Posterior (dorsal) – located at or toward the back of the body or body part

Lateral – relating to or located at the side of the body or body part

Superior – above another structure

Inferior- below another structure


  • Login