Post classical civilizations
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Post Classical Civilizations:. The Caliphates. The Caliphates. Umayyad Dynasty 661-750 Founded by Mu’awiyah Battle of Tours Built powerful state Sunni/Shiite split. The Caliphates. Abbasid Dynasty Founded by Harun al-Rashid Equality among all Muslims Urban civilization

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Post classical civilizations

Post Classical Civilizations:

The Caliphates


The caliphates

The Caliphates

  • Umayyad Dynasty

    • 661-750

    • Founded by Mu’awiyah

    • Battle of Tours

    • Built powerful state

    • Sunni/Shiite split


The caliphates1

The Caliphates

  • Abbasid Dynasty

    • Founded by Harun al-Rashid

    • Equality among all Muslims

    • Urban civilization

    • Baghdad- captured by Seljuk Turks in the 11th century.


Golden age of muslim culture

Golden Age of Muslim Culture

  • In 1095, Muslims began fighting a war with Christians over control of the Holy Land, known as the Crusades.


Arab cultural achievements

Arab Cultural Achievements

  • Mathematics—geometry, algebra, numbers

  • Arts and Crafts—geometric designs, flowers, and stars.

  • Medicine— IbnSina discovered that blood moves to and from the heart.


Arab cultural achievements1

Arab Cultural Achievements

  • Literature- IbnRushd, House of Wisdom (library)

  • Architecture—Muslim rulers built beautiful palaces and mosques


The ottomans

The ottomans

  • 1453, captured Constantinople and renamed it Istanbul

  • Empire was located between Europe and Asia

  • Suleiman the Magnificent ruled the Ottoman Empire during its height


The ottomans1

The ottomans

  • Sultan (ruler) governed as an absolute ruler

  • Army was made up of Janissaries- soldiers recruited at childhood


The safavids

The safavids

  • Islamic empire in Persia

  • Opposed to Ottomans

  • Shi’ite Muslims

  • Ruler was known as a shahs

  • Known for beautiful palace carpets


The mughals

The Mughals

  • Empire founded by Babur

  • Used guns to control their empire (Gunpowder Empire)

  • Akbar the Great- most famous ruler

    • Promoted religious tolerance

    • Encouraged learning, painting, music, and literature

  • ShaJahan- built the TajMahal


Sikhism

sikhism

  • Religion that combines elements of Hinduism and Islam

  • Belief in 1 god

  • God can be known through meditation

  • Equality before god

  • Eat little, sleep little, talk little


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