The links of MARsite with existing monitoring infrastructures in the EU and International context Paolo Favali INGV/EMSO. Summary. points to one of the Mediterranean areas with major earthquake and tsunami threat , being one of the most populated areas
The seismicity of the Marmara Region from combined catalogues of KOERI and TUBITAK (1964-2011, M ≥2.5)
Peculiarities: NAF extends in the Marmara Sea
The deformation rates (20 mm/y) very high compared to any other marine sites in Europe, numerous fluid vents and related features have been discovered also along the marine segment of the fault
Optimal area to test hypothesis on the relations between strike-slip deformation, seismic activity, fluid flow and gas expulsion
Seafloor in-situ measurements are
needed to complement the land in-
situ data and remote sensing data
Status as of 2012 of TUBITAK and GFZ fluid monitoring networks around the Sea of Marmara. Geothermal inventory compiled from various authors (see text). Onshore faults taken from [Saroglu et al., 1992]; offshore faults taken from [Armijo et al., 2002]
e.g., TERRAFIRMA, PREVIEW, LESSLOSS, NERIES, SERIES, TRANSFER, SHARE, SYNER-G, TRIDEC, NERA, SAFER, REAKT and ESONET-NoE
by including their contributions and principal partners, avoiding duplication and using their successes and momentum to create a better understanding of geo-hazards
Exploit and be compliant to European / International Programmes / Infrastructures, and complement actions
ESFRI large-scale Research Infrastructures:
COPERNICUS-GMES (Global Monitoring for Environment and Security)
GEO (Group of earth Obeservation) Work Programme 2012-2015
I networks around the Sea of Marmara. Geothermal inventory compiled from various authors (see text). Onshore faults taken from [European Multidisciplinary Seafloor and water-columnObservatory
EMSO networks around the Sea of Marmara. Geothermal inventory compiled from various authors (see text). Onshore faults taken from [, a Research Infrastructure of the ESFRI Roadmap,
is the European network of fixed seafloor and water column observatories constituting a distributed infrastructure for long-term monitoring of environmental processes
Ruhl et al., 2011
DONET Japan networks around the Sea of Marmara. Geothermal inventory compiled from various authors (see text). Onshore faults taken from [
OOI United States
Istanbul networks around the Sea of Marmara. Geothermal inventory compiled from various authors (see text). Onshore faults taken from [
Marmara Sea EMSO node
Embriaco et al.
(GJI, under rev.)
SN4 location networks around the Sea of Marmara. Geothermal inventory compiled from various authors (see text). Onshore faults taken from [
ESONET-NoE Marmara DM
Partners: Turkey, Italy, France
eastern part of the sea at the westernmost end of the fault rupture caused by the 1999 Izmit earthquake.
Main goals: Relationship between Seismicity & Gas seepage
(KOERI with Guralp Ltd. collaboration)
Preparatory Phase Project
What is EPOS ? Marmara Sea
Implementation of common solutions for a cluster of ESFRI infrastructures in the field of "Environmental Sciences"
Frontier environmental research increasingly depends on a wide range of data and advanced capabilities to process and analyse them. The ENVRI project is a collaboration in the ESFRI Environment Cluster, with support from ICT experts, to develop common e-science components and services for their facilities.
The results will speed up the construction of these infrastructures and will allow scientists to use the data and software from each facility to enable multi-disciplinary science
Connecting Research Infrastructures infrastructures in the field of "Environmental Sciences"
Coord.: Christoph Waldmann MARUM - U. Bremen
Strengthening the cooperation between the US and the EU in the field of environmental research infrastructures
Developing world-class research infrastructures for environmental research is one of the top priorities of the European Union Research Policies
The COOPEUS project shall bring together scientists and users being involved in Europe’s major environmental related research infrastructure projects, i.e. EISCAT, EPOS, LifeWATCH, EMSO, ICOS, with their US counterparts - NSF funded projects - AMISR, EARTHSCOPE, OOI, NEON, DataONE
Solid Earth Dynamics infrastructures in the field of "Environmental Sciences"
The goal of integrating seismic stations into a coherent network is to promote and make possible innovative approaches for a better understanding of the physical processes controlling earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, unrest episodes and tsunamis as well as those driving tectonics and Earth surface dynamics. Integration of the existing national and trans-national research infrastructures will increase access and use of the multidisciplinary data recorded by the solid Earth monitoring networks, acquired in laboratory experiments and/or produced by computational simulations. Bringing the initiatives EPOS, ORFEUS, Earthscope, IRIS and UNAVCO together will foster worldwide interoperability in Earth Science.
• INGV (Massimo Cocco; [email protected])
• ORFEUS (Torild van Eck; [email protected])
• IRIS (Tim Ahern; [email protected])
• UNAVCO (Charles Meertens; [email protected])
Ocean Observations infrastructures in the field of "Environmental Sciences"
Sustained ocean measurements are a crucial element also to studyseafloor processes, plate-scale geodynamics, and climate variability.
The ocean related research infrastructures will enable powerful new scientific approaches for exploring the complexities of earth-ocean-atmosphere interactions
OCEAN OBSERVATORIES (EMSO, OOI)
• SCRIPPS (John Orcutt; [email protected])
• UW (John Delaney; [email protected])
• WHOI (Robert Weller; [email protected])
• INGV (Laura Beranzoli; [email protected])
• MI (Fiona Grant; [email protected])
Land infrastructures in the field of "Environmental Sciences" observationsystems
Contribution to GEO