The links of MARsite with existing monitoring infrastructures in the EU and International context
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The links of MARsite with existing monitoring infrastructures in the EU and International context Paolo Favali INGV/EMSO. Summary. points to one of the Mediterranean areas with major earthquake and tsunami threat , being one of the most populated areas

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The links of MARsite with existing monitoring infrastructures in the EU and International contextPaolo Favali INGV/EMSO


Summary
Summary infrastructures in the EU and International context

  • points to one of the Mediterranean areas with major earthquake and tsunami threat , being one of the most populated areas

  • is aimed at moving a step forward a new concept of risk mitigation an management based on long-term multi-disciplinary monitoring both on land and at sea

  • Relies upon the coordination of research groups with different scientific skills from seismology to enginee-ring to gas geochemistry in a comprehensive and integrated monitoring system in the Marmara Sea and surrounding areas

The seismicity of the Marmara Region from combined catalogues of KOERI and TUBITAK (1964-2011, M ≥2.5)


Marsite and istanbul supersite
MARsite and Istanbul supersite infrastructures in the EU and International context

Peculiarities: NAF extends in the Marmara Sea

The deformation rates (20 mm/y) very high compared to any other marine sites in Europe, numerous fluid vents and related features have been discovered also along the marine segment of the fault

Optimal area to test hypothesis on the relations between strike-slip deformation, seismic activity, fluid flow and gas expulsion

Seafloor in-situ measurements are

needed to complement the land in-

situ data and remote sensing data


Status as of 2012 of TUBITAK and GFZ fluid monitoring networks around the Sea of Marmara. Geothermal inventory compiled from various authors (see text). Onshore faults taken from [Saroglu et al., 1992]; offshore faults taken from [Armijo et al., 2002]


Built on past and on going experience
Built on past and on-going experience networks around the Sea of Marmara. Geothermal inventory compiled from various authors (see text). Onshore faults taken from [

European projects

e.g., TERRAFIRMA, PREVIEW, LESSLOSS, NERIES, SERIES, TRANSFER, SHARE, SYNER-G, TRIDEC, NERA, SAFER, REAKT and ESONET-NoE

by including their contributions and principal partners, avoiding duplication and using their successes and momentum to create a better understanding of geo-hazards

Exploit and be compliant to European / International Programmes / Infrastructures, and complement actions

ESFRI large-scale Research Infrastructures:

  • EPOS (European Plate Observing System)

  • EMSO (European Multidisciplinary Seafloor and water column Observatory)

    COPERNICUS-GMES (Global Monitoring for Environment and Security)

    GEO (Group of earth Obeservation) Work Programme 2012-2015


European multidisciplinary seafloor and water column observatory

I networks around the Sea of Marmara. Geothermal inventory compiled from various authors (see text). Onshore faults taken from [

European Multidisciplinary Seafloor and water-columnObservatory

http://www.emso-eu.org/


EMSO networks around the Sea of Marmara. Geothermal inventory compiled from various authors (see text). Onshore faults taken from [, a Research Infrastructure of the ESFRI Roadmap,

is the European network of fixed seafloor and water column observatories constituting a distributed infrastructure for long-term monitoring of environmental processes

Ruhl et al., 2011


DONET Japan networks around the Sea of Marmara. Geothermal inventory compiled from various authors (see text). Onshore faults taken from [

NEPTUNE Canada

ECSSOS China

MACHO Taiwan

OOI United States

IMOS Australia

International dimension


Istanbul networks around the Sea of Marmara. Geothermal inventory compiled from various authors (see text). Onshore faults taken from [

Seaof Marmara

Marmara Sea EMSO node

O2 (mM)

T (°C)

CH4 (mM)

DEGASSING EVENTS

Embriaco et al.

(GJI, under rev.)


SN4 location networks around the Sea of Marmara. Geothermal inventory compiled from various authors (see text). Onshore faults taken from [

ESONET-NoE Marmara DM

Partners: Turkey, Italy, France

eastern part of the sea at the westernmost end of the fault rupture caused by the 1999 Izmit earthquake.

Experiment

2009-2010

Main goals: Relationship between Seismicity & Gas seepage


Map of the cabled OBSs (Ocean Bottom Seismometers) in the Marmara Sea

(KOERI with Guralp Ltd. collaboration)


Epos a long term integration plan of research infrastructures for solid earth science in europe

EPOS a long-term integration plan of Marmara Searesearch infrastructures for solid Earth Science in Europe

INGV

Preparatory Phase Project

www.epos-eu.org


What is EPOS ? Marmara Sea

  • EPOS is a long-term integration plan that aims to create a single sustainable, permanent and distributed infrastructure that includes:

  • geophysical monitoring networks

  • local observatories (including permanent in-situ and volcano

    observatories)

  • experimental & analogue laboratories in Europe

  • EPOS will give open access to geophysical and geological data and modelling tools, enabling a step change in multi-disciplinary scientific research into different areas



Implementation of common solutions for a cluster of ESFRI infrastructures in the field of "Environmental Sciences"

Frontier environmental research increasingly depends on a wide range of data and advanced capabilities to process and analyse them. The ENVRI project is a collaboration in the ESFRI Environment Cluster, with support from ICT experts, to develop common e-science components and services for their facilities.

The results will speed up the construction of these infrastructures and will allow scientists to use the data and software from each facility to enable multi-disciplinary science

http://envri.eu/


Connecting Research Infrastructures infrastructures in the field of "Environmental Sciences"

Coord.: Christoph Waldmann MARUM - U. Bremen

Strengthening the cooperation between the US and the EU in the field of environmental research infrastructures

Developing world-class research infrastructures for environmental research is one of the top priorities of the European Union Research Policies

The COOPEUS project shall bring together scientists and users being involved in Europe’s major environmental related research infrastructure projects, i.e. EISCAT, EPOS, LifeWATCH, EMSO, ICOS, with their US counterparts - NSF funded projects - AMISR, EARTHSCOPE, OOI, NEON, DataONE

[email protected]


Solid Earth Dynamics infrastructures in the field of "Environmental Sciences"

The goal of integrating seismic stations into a coherent network is to promote and make possible innovative approaches for a better understanding of the physical processes controlling earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, unrest episodes and tsunamis as well as those driving tectonics and Earth surface dynamics. Integration of the existing national and trans-national research infrastructures will increase access and use of the multidisciplinary data recorded by the solid Earth monitoring networks, acquired in laboratory experiments and/or produced by computational simulations. Bringing the initiatives EPOS, ORFEUS, Earthscope, IRIS and UNAVCO together will foster worldwide interoperability in Earth Science.

• INGV (Massimo Cocco; [email protected])

• ORFEUS (Torild van Eck; [email protected])

• IRIS (Tim Ahern; [email protected])

• UNAVCO (Charles Meertens; [email protected])


Ocean Observations infrastructures in the field of "Environmental Sciences"

Sustained ocean measurements are a crucial element also to studyseafloor processes, plate-scale geodynamics, and climate variability.

The ocean related research infrastructures will enable powerful new scientific approaches for exploring the complexities of earth-ocean-atmosphere interactions

OCEAN OBSERVATORIES (EMSO, OOI)

• SCRIPPS (John Orcutt; [email protected])

• UW (John Delaney; [email protected])

• WHOI (Robert Weller; [email protected])

• INGV (Laura Beranzoli; [email protected])

• MI (Fiona Grant; [email protected])


Eo observations

Land infrastructures in the field of "Environmental Sciences" observationsystems

Contribution to GEO

EMSO

Global Ocean

Observing

System

EO observations

In-situ measurements

EPOS

GEOSS

Integration

in GEOSS


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