Crime and Violence: Forces for Good or Evil?. Lecture One Thinking About Violence. Programme. Full information on WebCT Lectures 2pm LT1 Dr Helen Jones Seminars Dr Rob Ralphs Dr Hannah Smithson. Assignments. 50% Presentation (proposal due 15 th October)
Thinking About Violence
Full information on WebCT
Lectures 2pm LT1
Dr Helen Jones
Dr Rob Ralphs
Dr Hannah Smithson
“the threat, attempt, or use of physical force by one or more persons that results in physical or nonphysical harm to one or more persons” (Weiner, Zahn & Sagi, 1990:xiii)
“any act that causes the victim to do something she doesn’t want to do, prevents her from doing something she wants to do, or causes her to be afraid” (Adams cited in Jones, 2000:4).
“violence involves the infliction of emotional, psychological, sexual, physical and/or material damage” (Stanko, 1994:xiv).
This sees causes of violence as located in the genetic make-up, or chemical imbalances, it is connected with Lombrosian theory which still has some influence today.
Freud would argue it is the impact of childhood that determines adult behaviour. Personal experiences of violence may result in violence. Violent people are often accused of being mad, out of control.
There is a need to examine the social relations of violent individuals and contextualise them in relation to class, race, gender and other social characteristics/divisions.
Stanko argues that there are four crucial elements in considering violence:
We should also add: considering violence:
Stephen Jones ‘Understanding violent crime’ pages 5-7.
Violent crime is the generic term for a number of crime types involving physical or verbal assault on a individual. The broad categories are: