A37 Wound Management Emergency Treatments and First Aid Kit. Wound Management. Every horse owner that has had horses for any length of time has seen and probably treated a horse with a laceration or wound.
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The first step in treating a horse with a laceration is to stop excessive bleeding. If it is only a minor wound with a small amount of blood, apply pressure to the injury by hand using a clean gauze pad or piece of roll cotton.
Apply direct pressure for about 3-5 minutes and then gently remove bandage. If the bleeding continues, reapply the bandage, or if it is blood soaked, use a new one.
Quick, appropriate treatment for any wound is essential. Any severe bleeding should be stopped and the wound should be cleaned. If the injury is a minor one that doesn’t require stitches, the following steps should be taken.
The wound should also be flushed using dilute betadine or chlorhexidine. The flushing can be done using a spray bottle or a syringe with an 18 gauge needle on it. These methods will provide sufficient pressure to remove the debris.
If duct tape will be used, a covering for the foot should be prepared before the foot has been cleaned. This picture shows how to make a covering out of overlapping strips of duct tape. The strips should be long enough to fully cover and then over-lap the bottom of the foot.
This is a picture of the final duct tape covering. This will help protect the bottom of the foot from additional contamination and will help to water proof the foot. When necessary, this type of bandage should be changed every day.
The most important item that goes along with any first aid kit is knowledge. It is critical that every horse owner know when and how to use each of the following items. More harm can be done if something is used improperly or under the wrong circumstances. Utilize the information found in section B of the Infovets Equine Manual and the discussion found on the following pages for additional help.