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Education and Development Education as a Human Right. Education and Development Education as a Human Right. Education and Development Education as a Human Right. How does Education relate to Society? Alternative approaches.

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Education and development education as a human right

Education and Development Education as a Human Right

Education and Development Education as a Human Right


Education and development education as a human right1
Education and Development Education as a Human Right

  • How does Education relate to Society? Alternative approaches.

    • Human Capital, Modernization, Dependency, Human Rights, Democratization

  • What has Education for All Achieved?

  • What are the limitations of EFA?

  • Assignment #1 Oct 17, Only ID#


Cultural Context

Identity

Values

Norms

Shared meanings

Economic Context

Structure of the Economy

Comparative Advantage

Productivity

Employment

Political Context

State—representation

Governance

State legitimacy

Stability

Rule of Law

Educational Institutions

Social Context

Status

Hierarchies

Individual-Society

Geographical Context

Natural Endowments

Human-Environmental Issues

Demographic Context

Demographic Structure

Demographic Dynamics


Transnational Context

Cultural Context

Identity

Values

Norms

Shared meanings

Economic Context

Structure of the Economy

Comparative Advantage

Productivity

Employment

National Context

SubNational Context

Political Context

State—representation

Governance

State legitimacy

Stability

Rule of Law

Social Context

Status

Hierarchies

Individual-Society

Educational Institutions

Demographic Context

Demographic Structure

Demographic Dynamics

Geographical Context

Natural Endowments

Human-Environmental Issues


Education context
Education---Context

  • Thanks to a combination of revolutions, scientific and technological, social and economic, political and demographic, the environments of educational systems have been changing at a vastly accelerated pace.


Do you agree with the view that the context of education systems have been changing at a very rapid pace?

  • Yes

  • No


What is the most important education challenge today
What is the most important education challenge today? systems have been changing at a very rapid pace?

  • Expanding Access to Education to reach the unreached.

  • Improving Quality of Education.

  • Improving the Relevance of Education


Education context1
Education---Context systems have been changing at a very rapid pace?

  • Alternative ways to think about this relationship


Transnational Context systems have been changing at a very rapid pace?

Economic Context

Structure of the Economy

Comparative Advantage

Productivity

Employment

Cultural Context

Identity

Values

Norms

Shared meanings

National Context

SubNationalContext

Political Context

State—representation

Governance

State legitimacy

Stability

Rule of Law

Social Context

Status

Hierarchies

Individual-Society

Educational Institutions

Demographic Context

Demographic Structure

Demographic Dynamics

Geographical Context

Natural Endowments

Human-Environmental Issues


Education and economic development
Education and Economic Development systems have been changing at a very rapid pace?

  • Growth in Gross National Product

  • Patterns of Growth

  • Capitalizing on Comparative Advantages through Trade

    “Economic Development can be viewed as a set of interrelated changes in the structure of an economy that are required for its continued growth. They involve the composition of demand, production, and employment as well as the external structure of trade and capital flows. Taken together, these structural changes define the transformation of a traditional to a modern economic system” Hollis Chenery. Structural Change and Development Policy


Approaches to educational planning
Approaches to Educational Planning systems have been changing at a very rapid pace?

  • Manpower Planning

  • Rates of Return Analysis


Education confers economic advantages to the people who are educated
Education confers economic advantages to the people who are educated

  • Yes, Always

  • Yes, Generally

  • Sometimes

  • No, Rarely

  • No, Never


Education improves the economic productivity of people hence improving national economic growth
Education improves the economic productivity of people, hence improving national economic growth

  • Yes, Always

  • Yes, Generally

  • Sometimes

  • No, Rarely

  • No, Never


Transnational Context hence improving national economic growth

Cultural Context

Identity

Values

Norms

Shared meanings

Economic Context

Structure of the Economy

Comparative Advantage

Productivity

Employment

National Context

SubNational Context

Political Context

State—representation

Governance

State legitimacy

Stability

Rule of Law

Social Context

Status

Hierarchies

Individual-Society

Educational Institutions

Demographic Context

Demographic Structure

Demographic Dynamics

Geographical Context

Natural Endowments

Human-Environmental Issues


Education and modernization
Education and Modernization hence improving national economic growth

  • Cultural Values that allow Economic Progress

  • From Tradition to Modernity

  • Modern Values:

    • Control over one’s destiny vs. external forces

    • Respect for time vs. flexibility

    • Universal rules vs. particularism

    • Focus on achievement vs. ascriptive

http://www.worldvaluessurvey.org/


Weak vs. Strong Secular-Rational Values hence improving national economic growth

Source: Christian WelzelA Human Development View on

Value Change Trends (1981-2006)


Weak vs. Strong Self-Expression Values hence improving national economic growth

Source: Christian WelzelA Human Development View on

Value Change Trends (1981-2006)


An Underlying Constraint vs. Choice Polarity hence improving national economic growth

Source: Christian WelzelA Human Development View on

Value Change Trends (1981-2006)


The Two-Dimensional Value Space in Theory hence improving national economic growth

Source: Christian WelzelA Human Development View on

Value Change Trends (1981-2006)


The Two-Dimensional Value Space in Reality hence improving national economic growth


Cohort hence improving national economic growth

Differences

throughout

Cultural

Zones

Cohort differences

indicate a long-term

increase of secular-

rational and self-

expression values in

all cultural zones

except Africa.

Source: Christian WelzelA Human Development View on

Value Change Trends (1981-2006)


Education develops modern values
Education develops modern values hence improving national economic growth

  • Yes, Always

  • Yes, Generally

  • Sometimes

  • No, Rarely

  • No, Never


In the cases when education develops modern values
In the cases when education develops modern values hence improving national economic growth

  • This is positive

  • This can be positive or negative

  • This is negative


Education and dependency theory
Education and Dependency Theory hence improving national economic growth

  • Some Economies never grow

  • Relationship of economic center to periphery

  • Role of elites

  • No capital accumulation but extraction

  • Relationship to Authoritarianism in Third World.

  • Liberation theory and conscientization. Alter class relationships through empowerment of the poor.


Education and human rights
Education and Human Rights hence improving national economic growth

  • Concentrate on all groups of society

  • Address regional disparities

  • Target elimination of poverty directly


Transnational Context hence improving national economic growth

Cultural Context

Identity

Values

Norms

Shared meanings

Economic Context

Structure of the Economy

Comparative Advantage

Productivity

Employment

National Context

SubNational Context

Political Context

State—representation

Governance

State legitimacy

Stability

Rule of Law

Social Context

Status

Hierarchies

Individual-Society

Educational Institutions

Demographic Context

Demographic Structure

Demographic Dynamics

Geographical Context

Natural Endowments

Human-Environmental Issues


Education and Political Change. Democratization hence improving national economic growth

Transnational Context

Cultural Context

Identity

Values

Norms

Shared meanings

Economic Context

Structure of the Economy

Comparative Advantage

Productivity

Employment

National Context

SubNational Context

Political Context

State—representation

Governance

State legitimacy

Stability

Rule of Law

Social Context

Status

Hierarchies

Individual-Society

Educational Institutions

Demographic Context

Demographic Structure

Demographic Dynamics

Geographical Context

Natural Endowments

Human-Environmental Issues


Education as social reproduction
Education as Social Reproduction hence improving national economic growth

  • Education part of the superstructure of society. Can’t change the structure. Only reproduce.

  • Different education tracks

  • Social origin is social destiny


What theoretical approach do you think best captures the relationship between educational institutions and context?

  • Economic Development

  • Modernization

  • Dependency

  • Human Rights

  • Democratization

  • Social Reproduction


Does the approach we choose to represent how education and society relate matter in practice
Does the approach we choose to represent how education and society relate matter in practice?

  • Yes

  • No

  • I don’t know


Five definition of literacy
Five Definition of Literacy society relate matter in practice?

1. ability to read and write

2. the ability to read, write, spell, listen, and speak

3. reading and writing at a level adequate for communication, or at a level that lets one understand and communicate ideas in a literate society, so as to take part in that society.

4. 'Literacy' is the ability to identify, understand, interpret, create, communicate, compute and use printed and written materials associated with varying contexts.

5. Literacy is understanding, using and reflecting on written texts to enable an individual to achieve his or her goals, to develop his or her knowledge and potential, and to participate fully in the wider society


Does it matter which definition one adopts
Does it matter which definition one adopts? society relate matter in practice?

  • Yes

  • No


Literacy is understanding, using and reflecting on written texts to enable an individual to achieve his or her goals, to develop his or her knowledge and potential, and to participate fully in the wider society

  • Economic Development

  • Modernization

  • Dependency

  • Human Rights

  • Democratization

  • Reproduction


Transnational Context texts to enable an individual to achieve his or her goals, to develop his or her knowledge and potential, and to participate fully in the wider society

Economic Context

Structure of the Economy

Comparative Advantage

Productivity

Employment

Why do States Intervene?

Because they believe schools can change context

Make people more productive

Make people less poor

Make people more modern

Make people more democratic

Because it provides legitimacy to the State

Presence of the State

Deliver symbolically on the democratic ideal

Equality of Opportunity

Why do Transnational Institutions Intervene?

Cultural Context

Identity

Values

Norms

Shared meanings

National Context

SubNationalContext

Political Context

State—representation

Governance

State legitimacy

Stability

Rule of Law

Social Context

Status

Hierarchies

Individual-Society

Educational Institutions

Demographic Context

Demographic Structure

Demographic Dynamics

Geographical Context

Natural Endowments

Human-Environmental Issues


  • Universal Declaration of Human Rights texts to enable an individual to achieve his or her goals, to develop his or her knowledge and potential, and to participate fully in the wider society

  • Creation of UNESCO

  • Expansion of 1950s-1960s

  • Crisis of Education 1970s

  • Economic Recession and Adjustment 1980s

  • Education for All

    • Jomtien 1990 and Dakar 2000


The six goals of efa
The Six Goals of EFA texts to enable an individual to achieve his or her goals, to develop his or her knowledge and potential, and to participate fully in the wider society

  • Goal 1: Expand early childhood care and education

  • Goal 2: Provide free and compulsory primary education for all

  • Goal 3: Promote learning and life skills for young people and adults

  • Goal 4: Increase adult literacy by 50 per cent

  • Goal 5: Achieve gender parity by 2005, gender equality by 2015

  • Goal 6: Improve the quality of education

  • UNESCO has been mandated to lead the movement and coordinate the international efforts to reach Education for All. Governments, development agencies, civil society, non-government organizations and the media are but some of the partners working toward reaching these goals.

  • The EFA goals also contribute to the global pursuit of the eight Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), especially MDG 2 on universal primary education and MDG 3 on gender equality in education, by 2015.

  • The Fast Track Initiative was set up to implement the EFA movement, aiming at "accelerating progress towards quality universal primary education".


Has efa made a difference in educational opportunity
Has EFA Made a Difference in Educational Opportunity? texts to enable an individual to achieve his or her goals, to develop his or her knowledge and potential, and to participate fully in the wider society

  • Yes

  • No


EFA put primary emphasis on quantitative growth and little if any emphasis on qualitative transformation to adapt to the changing needs

  • Yes, I agree

  • To some extent

  • No, I disagree with that statement


Cultural Context if any emphasis on qualitative transformation to adapt to the changing needs

Identity

Values

Norms

Shared meanings

Economic Context

Structure of the Economy

Comparative Advantage

Productivity

Employment

Political Context

State—representation

Governance

State legitimacy

Stability

Rule of Law

Social Context

Status

Hierarchies

Individual-Society

Educational Institutions

Geographical Context

Natural Endowments

Human-Environmental Issues

Demographic Context

Demographic Structure

Demographic Dynamics


  • Gap Education Demand and Supply if any emphasis on qualitative transformation to adapt to the changing needs

    • Education Demand Self-Generating

    • Demographic explosion

    • Response: Spread Resources

  • Gap Resources and Requirements

  • Gap Outputs and Jobs

  • Irrelevance of Content and Methods

  • Imbalance Formal and Non-Formal


  • Thanks to a combination of post-war revolutions, scientific and technological, social and economic, political and demographic, the environments of educational systems have been changing at a vastly accelerated pace.

  • The chief response of educational systems to these greatly altered circumstances has been to get bigger as fast as they could, to try to keep pace with the explosive rise in popular demand. Thus they have followed a strategy of linear expansion which put primary emphasis on quantitative growth and little if any emphasis on qualitative transformation to adapt to the changing needs

    • Phillip Coombs. 1970.


A new strategy for educational development
A New Strategy for Educational Development and technological, social and economic, political and demographic, the environments of educational systems have been changing at a vastly accelerated pace.

  • International Strategy

  • Emphasis on Quality

  • Emphasis on Links of Education to Society

  • Goal 1: Expand early childhood care and education

  • Goal 2: Provide free and compulsory primary education for all

  • Goal 3: Promote learning and life skills for young people and adults

  • Goal 4: Increase adult literacy by 50 per cent

  • Goal 5: Achieve gender parity by 2005, gender equality by 2015

  • Goal 6: Improve the quality of education


What rationale informed singapore s efforts in education as discussed in the reading
What rationale informed Singapore’s efforts in education as discussed in the reading?

  • Economic Development

  • Modernization

  • Dependency

  • Human Rights

  • Democratization

  • Social Reproduction


Did educational opportunity expand in singapore
Did Educational Opportunity Expand in Singapore as discussed in the reading?

  • Yes

  • No


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